Risk factors of residual pivot-shift after anatomic double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2022-04-01

AUTHORS

Kohei Kamada, Takehiko Matsushita, Kanto Nagai, Yuichi Hoshino, Daisuke Araki, Noriyuki Kanzaki, Tomoyuki Matsumoto, Takahiro Niikura, Ryosuke Kuroda

ABSTRACT

IntroductionAlthough anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is considered a successful procedure, residual pivot-shift after surgery remains to be solved. The purpose of this study was to comprehensively evaluate the risk factors of residual pivot-shift after anatomic double-bundle (DB) ACLR.Materials and methodsA total of 164 patients who underwent primary anatomic DB-ACLR between January 2014 and December 2019 and screw removal after the index ACLR in our hospital were included in this retrospective case–control study. The manual pivot-shift test was performed under general anesthesia during screw removal surgery, and patients with grade 1 or higher pivot-shift were classified as the positive pivot-shift group, and those with grade 0 were defined as the negative pivot-shift group. Univariate and logistic regression analyses were performed to identify the factors associated with postoperative residual pivot-shift. Assessment included sex, age, time to surgery, preoperative Tegner activity scale, preoperative pivot-shift grade, preoperative anterior tibial translation by the KT-2000 arthrometer measurement, meniscus injury and its surgical procedure, knee hyperextension, cartilage damage, Segond fracture, medial and lateral posterior tibial slope, lateral—medial slope asymmetry, participation in pivoting sport/activity at the time of injury, and return to sports at postoperative one year line.ResultsPostoperative positive pivot-shift was observed in 14 (8.5%) of 164 patients. The KT-2000 measurement at 1-year postoperatively was significantly higher in the residual pivot-shift-positive group than in the negative group (P < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis revealed that age of patients < 20 years [P < 0.05, odds ratio (OR): 6.1)], preoperative pivot-shift grade (P < 0.05, OR: 4.4), and hyperextended knee (P < 0.05, OR: 11.8) were risk factors of postoperative pivot-shift. There were no statistically significant differences between other variables.ConclusionsPatients < 20 years of age, with high-grade preoperative pivot-shift, or hyperextended knees had a higher risk of residual postoperative pivot-shift. More... »

PAGES

1-9

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Identifiers

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00402-022-04428-y

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00402-022-04428-y

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35364734


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        "description": "IntroductionAlthough anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is considered a successful procedure, residual pivot-shift after surgery remains to be solved. The purpose of this study was to comprehensively evaluate the risk factors of residual pivot-shift after anatomic double-bundle (DB) ACLR.Materials and methodsA total of 164 patients who underwent primary anatomic DB-ACLR between January 2014 and December 2019 and screw removal after the index ACLR in our hospital were included in this retrospective case\u2013control study. The manual pivot-shift test was performed under general anesthesia during screw removal surgery, and patients with grade 1 or higher pivot-shift were classified as the positive pivot-shift group, and those with grade 0 were defined as the negative pivot-shift group. Univariate and logistic regression analyses were performed to identify the factors associated with postoperative residual pivot-shift. Assessment included sex, age, time to surgery, preoperative Tegner activity scale, preoperative pivot-shift grade, preoperative anterior tibial translation by the KT-2000 arthrometer measurement, meniscus injury and its surgical procedure, knee hyperextension, cartilage damage, Segond fracture, medial and lateral posterior tibial slope, lateral\u2014medial slope asymmetry, participation in pivoting sport/activity at the time of injury, and return to sports at postoperative one year line.ResultsPostoperative positive pivot-shift was observed in 14 (8.5%) of 164 patients. The KT-2000 measurement at 1-year postoperatively was significantly higher in the residual pivot-shift-positive group than in the negative group (P\u2009<\u20090.05). Logistic regression analysis revealed that age of patients\u2009<\u200920\u00a0years [P\u2009<\u20090.05, odds ratio (OR): 6.1)], preoperative pivot-shift grade (P\u2009<\u20090.05, OR: 4.4), and hyperextended knee (P\u2009<\u20090.05, OR: 11.8) were risk factors of postoperative pivot-shift. There were no statistically significant differences between other variables.ConclusionsPatients\u2009<\u200920\u00a0years of age, with high-grade preoperative pivot-shift, or hyperextended knees had a higher risk of residual postoperative pivot-shift.", 
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    25 schema:description IntroductionAlthough anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is considered a successful procedure, residual pivot-shift after surgery remains to be solved. The purpose of this study was to comprehensively evaluate the risk factors of residual pivot-shift after anatomic double-bundle (DB) ACLR.Materials and methodsA total of 164 patients who underwent primary anatomic DB-ACLR between January 2014 and December 2019 and screw removal after the index ACLR in our hospital were included in this retrospective case–control study. The manual pivot-shift test was performed under general anesthesia during screw removal surgery, and patients with grade 1 or higher pivot-shift were classified as the positive pivot-shift group, and those with grade 0 were defined as the negative pivot-shift group. Univariate and logistic regression analyses were performed to identify the factors associated with postoperative residual pivot-shift. Assessment included sex, age, time to surgery, preoperative Tegner activity scale, preoperative pivot-shift grade, preoperative anterior tibial translation by the KT-2000 arthrometer measurement, meniscus injury and its surgical procedure, knee hyperextension, cartilage damage, Segond fracture, medial and lateral posterior tibial slope, lateral—medial slope asymmetry, participation in pivoting sport/activity at the time of injury, and return to sports at postoperative one year line.ResultsPostoperative positive pivot-shift was observed in 14 (8.5%) of 164 patients. The KT-2000 measurement at 1-year postoperatively was significantly higher in the residual pivot-shift-positive group than in the negative group (P < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis revealed that age of patients < 20 years [P < 0.05, odds ratio (OR): 6.1)], preoperative pivot-shift grade (P < 0.05, OR: 4.4), and hyperextended knee (P < 0.05, OR: 11.8) were risk factors of postoperative pivot-shift. There were no statistically significant differences between other variables.ConclusionsPatients < 20 years of age, with high-grade preoperative pivot-shift, or hyperextended knees had a higher risk of residual postoperative pivot-shift.
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