RAFT-mediated emulsion polymerization of vinyl acetate: a challenge towards producing high molecular weight poly(vinyl acetate) View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2012-08

AUTHORS

Funian Zhao, Ali Reza Mahdavian, Mohammad Bagher Teimouri, Eric S. Daniels, Andrew Klein, Mohamed S. El-Aasser

ABSTRACT

The preparation of poly(vinyl acetate) with well-controlled structure has received a great deal of interest in recent years because of a large number of developments in living radical polymerization techniques. Among these techniques, the use of reversible addition–fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT)-mediated polymerization has been employed for the controlled polymerization of vinyl acetate due to the high susceptibility of this monomer towards chain transfer reactions. Here, a novel water-soluble N,N-dialkyl dithiocarbamate RAFT agent has been prepared and employed in the emulsion polymerization of vinyl acetate. The kinetic results reveal that the polymerization nucleation mechanism changes from homogeneous to micellar and RAFT-generated radicals can change the kinetic behavior from conventional emulsion polymerization to living radical polymerization. At higher concentrations of the modified RAFT agent, as a result of an aqueous phase reaction between RAFT and sulfate radicals, relatively more hydrophobic radicals are generated, which favors entry and propagation into micelles swollen with monomer. This observation was determined from the investigation of the polymerization rate and measurements of the average particle diameter and the number of particles per liter of the aqueous phase. Molecular weight analysis also demonstrated the participation of the RAFT agent in the polymerization in such a way as to restrict chain transfer reactions. This was determined by examining the evolution of polymer chain length and attaining higher molecular weights, even up to 50 % greater than the samples obtained from the conventional emulsion polymerization of vinyl acetate in the absence of the synthesized modified RAFT agent. More... »

PAGES

1247-1255

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00396-012-2640-z

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00396-012-2640-z

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047847326


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0303", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Macromolecular and Materials Chemistry", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/03", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Chemical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Lehigh University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.259029.5", 
          "name": [
            "Emulsion Polymers Institute, Lehigh University, 111 Research Drive, 18015, Bethlehem, PA, USA", 
            "Department of Chemical Engineering, Lehigh University, 111 Research Drive, 18015, Bethlehem, PA, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Zhao", 
        "givenName": "Funian", 
        "id": "sg:person.016437607000.61", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016437607000.61"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Iran Polymer and Petrochemical Institute", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419412.b", 
          "name": [
            "Polymer Science Department, Iran Polymer and Petrochemical Institute, P. O. Box 14965/115, 14967, Tehran, Iran"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Mahdavian", 
        "givenName": "Ali Reza", 
        "id": "sg:person.015051627263.44", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015051627263.44"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Kharazmi University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412265.6", 
          "name": [
            "Faculty of Chemistry, Tarbiat Moallem University, 49 Mofateh St, Tehran, Iran"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Teimouri", 
        "givenName": "Mohammad Bagher", 
        "id": "sg:person.011231213441.38", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011231213441.38"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Lehigh University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.259029.5", 
          "name": [
            "Emulsion Polymers Institute, Lehigh University, 111 Research Drive, 18015, Bethlehem, PA, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Daniels", 
        "givenName": "Eric S.", 
        "id": "sg:person.016016361513.33", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016016361513.33"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Lehigh University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.259029.5", 
          "name": [
            "Emulsion Polymers Institute, Lehigh University, 111 Research Drive, 18015, Bethlehem, PA, USA", 
            "Department of Chemical Engineering, Lehigh University, 111 Research Drive, 18015, Bethlehem, PA, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Klein", 
        "givenName": "Andrew", 
        "id": "sg:person.014403660461.71", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014403660461.71"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Lehigh University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.259029.5", 
          "name": [
            "Emulsion Polymers Institute, Lehigh University, 111 Research Drive, 18015, Bethlehem, PA, USA", 
            "Department of Chemical Engineering, Lehigh University, 111 Research Drive, 18015, Bethlehem, PA, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "El-Aasser", 
        "givenName": "Mohamed S.", 
        "id": "sg:person.011652676124.01", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011652676124.01"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma0115444", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000156526"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma0115444", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000156526"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1071/ch05072", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000314928"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/cr940534g", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000997076"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/cr940534g", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000997076"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0939-6411(99)00056-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001260939"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/cr9901182", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003040605"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/cr9901182", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003040605"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.200250770", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004482267"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00396-002-0674-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004552890", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00396-002-0674-3"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1039/b404763j", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004652289"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.200461333", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009438951"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/pola.20986", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011845238"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/pola.20986", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011845238"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma034892+", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013223650"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma034892+", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013223650"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1071/ch06250", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017370998"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.200500112", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017582939"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma9804951", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020142119"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma9804951", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020142119"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/marc.200900450", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022599377"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/marc.200900450", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022599377"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-4184(200012)333:12<421::aid-ardp421>3.0.co;2-q", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023465756"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2010.04.052", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028626493"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma981472p", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030382393"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma981472p", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030382393"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2004.03.019", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031259686"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/masy.200750902", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033235304"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00289-005-0338-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036156191", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00289-005-0338-9"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00289-005-0338-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036156191", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00289-005-0338-9"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00289-005-0338-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036156191", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00289-005-0338-9"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-3927(20001001)21:15<1035::aid-marc1035>3.0.co;2-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038495554"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/marc.200400652", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038783856"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/marc.200500839", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039688226"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2008.03.014", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040079135"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-3900(200002)150:1<33::aid-masy33>3.0.co;2-c", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040875707"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-3935(20020201)203:3<522::aid-macp522>3.0.co;2-l", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044724317"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/cr990119u", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047413685"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/cr990119u", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047413685"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/cr940351u", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048048943"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/cr940351u", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048048943"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/pola.20681", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049652895"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/macp.200390089", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049730846"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2005.12.054", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053120715"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00125a035", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055708460"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ja01198a053", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055781729"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma00063a054", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056175496"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma00081a003", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056176448"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma000922m", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056177003"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma000922m", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056177003"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma00109a056", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056178012"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma00127a042", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056179048"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma00231a042", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056184782"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma011840g", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056186368"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma011840g", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056186368"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma0206016", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056186944"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma0206016", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056186944"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma026020y", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056187854"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma026020y", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056187854"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma035477k", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056188889"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma035477k", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056188889"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma047476d", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056189281"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma047476d", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056189281"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma047726q", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056189398"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma047726q", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056189398"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma051433v", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056191146"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma051433v", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056191146"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma060339r", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056191852"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma060339r", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056191852"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma060789j", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056192046"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma060789j", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056192046"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma9021086", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056204588"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma9021086", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056204588"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma980006x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056208256"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma980006x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056208256"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma991075u", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056210219"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma991075u", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056210219"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2012-08", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2012-08-01", 
    "description": "The preparation of poly(vinyl acetate) with well-controlled structure has received a great deal of interest in recent years because of a large number of developments in living radical polymerization techniques. Among these techniques, the use of reversible addition\u2013fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT)-mediated polymerization has been employed for the controlled polymerization of vinyl acetate due to the high susceptibility of this monomer towards chain transfer reactions. Here, a novel water-soluble N,N-dialkyl dithiocarbamate RAFT agent has been prepared and employed in the emulsion polymerization of vinyl acetate. The kinetic results reveal that the polymerization nucleation mechanism changes from homogeneous to micellar and RAFT-generated radicals can change the kinetic behavior from conventional emulsion polymerization to living radical polymerization. At higher concentrations of the modified RAFT agent, as a result of an aqueous phase reaction between RAFT and sulfate radicals, relatively more hydrophobic radicals are generated, which favors entry and propagation into micelles swollen with monomer. This observation was determined from the investigation of the polymerization rate and measurements of the average particle diameter and the number of particles per liter of the aqueous phase. Molecular weight analysis also demonstrated the participation of the RAFT agent in the polymerization in such a way as to restrict chain transfer reactions. This was determined by examining the evolution of polymer chain length and attaining higher molecular weights, even up to 50 % greater than the samples obtained from the conventional emulsion polymerization of vinyl acetate in the absence of the synthesized modified RAFT agent.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00396-012-2640-z", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1083512", 
        "issn": [
          "0303-402X", 
          "1435-1536"
        ], 
        "name": "Colloid and Polymer Science", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "13", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "290"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "RAFT-mediated emulsion polymerization of vinyl acetate: a challenge towards producing high molecular weight poly(vinyl acetate)", 
    "pagination": "1247-1255", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "e3eecdc61988a4a7b20b0fef2a7991022033e55fe24caa382238209845eca963"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s00396-012-2640-z"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1047847326"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00396-012-2640-z", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047847326"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T19:58", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8681_00000516.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs00396-012-2640-z"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00396-012-2640-z'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00396-012-2640-z'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00396-012-2640-z'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00396-012-2640-z'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

261 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      79 URIs      19 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s00396-012-2640-z schema:about anzsrc-for:03
2 anzsrc-for:0303
3 schema:author N35e31d890e474de4962fc0791a556fcf
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s00289-005-0338-9
5 sg:pub.10.1007/s00396-002-0674-3
6 https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-3900(200002)150:1<33::aid-masy33>3.0.co;2-c
7 https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-3927(20001001)21:15<1035::aid-marc1035>3.0.co;2-5
8 https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-3935(20020201)203:3<522::aid-macp522>3.0.co;2-l
9 https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-4184(200012)333:12<421::aid-ardp421>3.0.co;2-q
10 https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.200250770
11 https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.200461333
12 https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.200500112
13 https://doi.org/10.1002/macp.200390089
14 https://doi.org/10.1002/marc.200400652
15 https://doi.org/10.1002/marc.200500839
16 https://doi.org/10.1002/marc.200900450
17 https://doi.org/10.1002/masy.200750902
18 https://doi.org/10.1002/pola.20681
19 https://doi.org/10.1002/pola.20986
20 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2008.03.014
21 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2004.03.019
22 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2005.12.054
23 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2010.04.052
24 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0939-6411(99)00056-9
25 https://doi.org/10.1021/cr940351u
26 https://doi.org/10.1021/cr940534g
27 https://doi.org/10.1021/cr9901182
28 https://doi.org/10.1021/cr990119u
29 https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00125a035
30 https://doi.org/10.1021/ja01198a053
31 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma00063a054
32 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma00081a003
33 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma000922m
34 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma00109a056
35 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma00127a042
36 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma00231a042
37 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma0115444
38 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma011840g
39 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma0206016
40 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma026020y
41 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma034892+
42 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma035477k
43 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma047476d
44 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma047726q
45 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma051433v
46 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma060339r
47 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma060789j
48 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma9021086
49 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma980006x
50 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma9804951
51 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma981472p
52 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma991075u
53 https://doi.org/10.1039/b404763j
54 https://doi.org/10.1071/ch05072
55 https://doi.org/10.1071/ch06250
56 schema:datePublished 2012-08
57 schema:datePublishedReg 2012-08-01
58 schema:description The preparation of poly(vinyl acetate) with well-controlled structure has received a great deal of interest in recent years because of a large number of developments in living radical polymerization techniques. Among these techniques, the use of reversible addition–fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT)-mediated polymerization has been employed for the controlled polymerization of vinyl acetate due to the high susceptibility of this monomer towards chain transfer reactions. Here, a novel water-soluble N,N-dialkyl dithiocarbamate RAFT agent has been prepared and employed in the emulsion polymerization of vinyl acetate. The kinetic results reveal that the polymerization nucleation mechanism changes from homogeneous to micellar and RAFT-generated radicals can change the kinetic behavior from conventional emulsion polymerization to living radical polymerization. At higher concentrations of the modified RAFT agent, as a result of an aqueous phase reaction between RAFT and sulfate radicals, relatively more hydrophobic radicals are generated, which favors entry and propagation into micelles swollen with monomer. This observation was determined from the investigation of the polymerization rate and measurements of the average particle diameter and the number of particles per liter of the aqueous phase. Molecular weight analysis also demonstrated the participation of the RAFT agent in the polymerization in such a way as to restrict chain transfer reactions. This was determined by examining the evolution of polymer chain length and attaining higher molecular weights, even up to 50 % greater than the samples obtained from the conventional emulsion polymerization of vinyl acetate in the absence of the synthesized modified RAFT agent.
59 schema:genre research_article
60 schema:inLanguage en
61 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
62 schema:isPartOf N1f89bc2cb44b44f6b581140eac66134f
63 N302e106bd0c5461bbfda5fb7702d29f0
64 sg:journal.1083512
65 schema:name RAFT-mediated emulsion polymerization of vinyl acetate: a challenge towards producing high molecular weight poly(vinyl acetate)
66 schema:pagination 1247-1255
67 schema:productId N3c636279fe1b4d66928643568e3c1a8c
68 N76515e2a5fa749c9b51d7f046faef5fc
69 Nfb0f0a66dfaf4d42866a8aa474b87f96
70 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047847326
71 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00396-012-2640-z
72 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T19:58
73 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
74 schema:sdPublisher Neb406af74e6a4e8fa29532d63a9b02a3
75 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs00396-012-2640-z
76 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
77 sgo:sdDataset articles
78 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
79 N060a62bc8d4e480eb6b75e0107eb8ef5 rdf:first sg:person.011231213441.38
80 rdf:rest N0990a115b9394b7eb0003032189e943e
81 N0990a115b9394b7eb0003032189e943e rdf:first sg:person.016016361513.33
82 rdf:rest N25a6f255d51d4778bd41f480cc85120a
83 N1f89bc2cb44b44f6b581140eac66134f schema:issueNumber 13
84 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
85 N25a6f255d51d4778bd41f480cc85120a rdf:first sg:person.014403660461.71
86 rdf:rest N2a842df1ee974d1fbac1c729b5b876d1
87 N2a842df1ee974d1fbac1c729b5b876d1 rdf:first sg:person.011652676124.01
88 rdf:rest rdf:nil
89 N302e106bd0c5461bbfda5fb7702d29f0 schema:volumeNumber 290
90 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
91 N35e31d890e474de4962fc0791a556fcf rdf:first sg:person.016437607000.61
92 rdf:rest Nd017fc0ceb784e03899bf46196badab4
93 N3c636279fe1b4d66928643568e3c1a8c schema:name doi
94 schema:value 10.1007/s00396-012-2640-z
95 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
96 N76515e2a5fa749c9b51d7f046faef5fc schema:name dimensions_id
97 schema:value pub.1047847326
98 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
99 Nd017fc0ceb784e03899bf46196badab4 rdf:first sg:person.015051627263.44
100 rdf:rest N060a62bc8d4e480eb6b75e0107eb8ef5
101 Neb406af74e6a4e8fa29532d63a9b02a3 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
102 rdf:type schema:Organization
103 Nfb0f0a66dfaf4d42866a8aa474b87f96 schema:name readcube_id
104 schema:value e3eecdc61988a4a7b20b0fef2a7991022033e55fe24caa382238209845eca963
105 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
106 anzsrc-for:03 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
107 schema:name Chemical Sciences
108 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
109 anzsrc-for:0303 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
110 schema:name Macromolecular and Materials Chemistry
111 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
112 sg:journal.1083512 schema:issn 0303-402X
113 1435-1536
114 schema:name Colloid and Polymer Science
115 rdf:type schema:Periodical
116 sg:person.011231213441.38 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412265.6
117 schema:familyName Teimouri
118 schema:givenName Mohammad Bagher
119 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011231213441.38
120 rdf:type schema:Person
121 sg:person.011652676124.01 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.259029.5
122 schema:familyName El-Aasser
123 schema:givenName Mohamed S.
124 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011652676124.01
125 rdf:type schema:Person
126 sg:person.014403660461.71 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.259029.5
127 schema:familyName Klein
128 schema:givenName Andrew
129 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014403660461.71
130 rdf:type schema:Person
131 sg:person.015051627263.44 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419412.b
132 schema:familyName Mahdavian
133 schema:givenName Ali Reza
134 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015051627263.44
135 rdf:type schema:Person
136 sg:person.016016361513.33 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.259029.5
137 schema:familyName Daniels
138 schema:givenName Eric S.
139 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016016361513.33
140 rdf:type schema:Person
141 sg:person.016437607000.61 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.259029.5
142 schema:familyName Zhao
143 schema:givenName Funian
144 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016437607000.61
145 rdf:type schema:Person
146 sg:pub.10.1007/s00289-005-0338-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036156191
147 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00289-005-0338-9
148 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
149 sg:pub.10.1007/s00396-002-0674-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004552890
150 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00396-002-0674-3
151 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
152 https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-3900(200002)150:1<33::aid-masy33>3.0.co;2-c schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040875707
153 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
154 https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-3927(20001001)21:15<1035::aid-marc1035>3.0.co;2-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038495554
155 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
156 https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-3935(20020201)203:3<522::aid-macp522>3.0.co;2-l schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044724317
157 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
158 https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-4184(200012)333:12<421::aid-ardp421>3.0.co;2-q schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023465756
159 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
160 https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.200250770 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004482267
161 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
162 https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.200461333 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009438951
163 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
164 https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.200500112 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017582939
165 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
166 https://doi.org/10.1002/macp.200390089 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049730846
167 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
168 https://doi.org/10.1002/marc.200400652 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038783856
169 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
170 https://doi.org/10.1002/marc.200500839 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039688226
171 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
172 https://doi.org/10.1002/marc.200900450 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022599377
173 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
174 https://doi.org/10.1002/masy.200750902 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033235304
175 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
176 https://doi.org/10.1002/pola.20681 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049652895
177 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
178 https://doi.org/10.1002/pola.20986 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011845238
179 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
180 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2008.03.014 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040079135
181 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
182 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2004.03.019 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031259686
183 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
184 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2005.12.054 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053120715
185 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
186 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2010.04.052 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028626493
187 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
188 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0939-6411(99)00056-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001260939
189 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
190 https://doi.org/10.1021/cr940351u schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048048943
191 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
192 https://doi.org/10.1021/cr940534g schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000997076
193 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
194 https://doi.org/10.1021/cr9901182 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003040605
195 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
196 https://doi.org/10.1021/cr990119u schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047413685
197 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
198 https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00125a035 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055708460
199 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
200 https://doi.org/10.1021/ja01198a053 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055781729
201 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
202 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma00063a054 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056175496
203 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
204 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma00081a003 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056176448
205 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
206 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma000922m schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056177003
207 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
208 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma00109a056 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056178012
209 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
210 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma00127a042 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056179048
211 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
212 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma00231a042 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056184782
213 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
214 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma0115444 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000156526
215 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
216 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma011840g schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056186368
217 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
218 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma0206016 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056186944
219 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
220 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma026020y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056187854
221 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
222 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma034892+ schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013223650
223 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
224 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma035477k schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056188889
225 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
226 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma047476d schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056189281
227 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
228 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma047726q schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056189398
229 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
230 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma051433v schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056191146
231 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
232 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma060339r schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056191852
233 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
234 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma060789j schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056192046
235 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
236 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma9021086 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056204588
237 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
238 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma980006x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056208256
239 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
240 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma9804951 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020142119
241 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
242 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma981472p schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030382393
243 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
244 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma991075u schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056210219
245 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
246 https://doi.org/10.1039/b404763j schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004652289
247 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
248 https://doi.org/10.1071/ch05072 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000314928
249 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
250 https://doi.org/10.1071/ch06250 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017370998
251 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
252 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.259029.5 schema:alternateName Lehigh University
253 schema:name Department of Chemical Engineering, Lehigh University, 111 Research Drive, 18015, Bethlehem, PA, USA
254 Emulsion Polymers Institute, Lehigh University, 111 Research Drive, 18015, Bethlehem, PA, USA
255 rdf:type schema:Organization
256 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412265.6 schema:alternateName Kharazmi University
257 schema:name Faculty of Chemistry, Tarbiat Moallem University, 49 Mofateh St, Tehran, Iran
258 rdf:type schema:Organization
259 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419412.b schema:alternateName Iran Polymer and Petrochemical Institute
260 schema:name Polymer Science Department, Iran Polymer and Petrochemical Institute, P. O. Box 14965/115, 14967, Tehran, Iran
261 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...