Independency of myocardial stunning of endothelial stunning? View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2007-07

AUTHORS

S. C. Garcia, V. Pomblum, E. Gams, M. R. Langenbach, J. D. Schipke

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Vascular endothelial cells play an important role in the control of vascular tone. The reasons for coronary endothelial dysfunction are complex and may involve ischemia/reperfusion injury. We investigated whether endothelial, smooth muscle, and myocardial dysfunction are independent phenomena. METHODS: Rabbit hearts were rapidly excised without intermittent ischemia, connected to a modified Langendorff apparatus, and perfused with a modified Krebs-Henseleit solution containing bovine erythrocytes. Normoxic control hearts (n = 16) were perfused for 125 min. Postischemic hearts (n = 15) were perfused for 45 min, submitted to global ischemia (20 min) and reperfused (60 min). Both the normoxic and the postischemic hearts were divided into three groups that received either 0.9% NaCl (placebo), or 3-morpholinosydnonimine (SIN-1; 100 microM),or substance P (SP; 5 nM). RESULTS: After SIN-1, CBF in the normoxic hearts was increased by maximum 63% and after SP by 62%. 60 min after the onset of reperfusion, the postischemic hearts of both groups had recovered to 95% LVP(max). In the postischemic hearts, SIN-1 increased CBF still by 58%, while the endothelium-dependent vasomotion was impaired: SP improved CBF by only 9%. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS: The particular protocol permitted differentiation between myocardial and vascular stunning. The results show that, while myocardial function has already recovered, endothelial cells are more severely impaired than smooth muscle cells, and that this injury persists beyond myocardial stunning. Thus, endothelial-dependent dysfunction can still impair vasodilatation while ventricular dysfunction has already resolved. More... »

PAGES

359-367

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00395-007-0657-0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00395-007-0657-0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012562152

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17520313


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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00395-007-0657-0'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00395-007-0657-0'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00395-007-0657-0'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00395-007-0657-0'


 

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