High protein intake along with paternal part-time employment is associated with higher body fat mass among girls from South China View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2017-05-23

AUTHORS

Ming-zhe Yang, Hong-mei Xue, Jay Pan, Lars Libuda, Rebecca Muckelbauer, Min Yang, Liming Quan, Guo Cheng

ABSTRACT

PurposeProtein intake has been suggested to be associated with body composition among western children. Our aim was to determine whether protein intake is associated with body composition among Chinese children and to investigate whether parental socioeconomic status modifies these associations.MethodsCross-sectional data were collected from the baseline survey of an ongoing population-based prospective open cohort study conducted in 2013. In this survey, 2039 children in South China were recruited using cluster random sampling. Information of 1704 children (47% girls), aged 7–12 years from three primary schools (42 classes), on diet and anthropometry was included finally. Their daily protein intake was obtained by 3-day 24-h dietary recalls. Skinfold thickness, body height, and weight were measured to calculate percent body fat (%BF), fat mass index (FMI), and fat-free mass index (FFMI). Parental characteristics were collected by questionnaires.ResultsAmong girls, protein intake was positively associated with %BF and FMI [estimate (SE) for %BF: 0.007 (0.003), p = 0.04; for FMI: 0.092 (0.002), p = 0.03], adjusted for pubertal stage, breast-feeding, maternal overweight, carbohydrate intake, energy intake, and physical activity level. Furthermore, there was interaction between paternal occupation and the relations of dietary protein with %BF and FMI (pfor interaction ≤ 0.04). None of the associations between protein intake and %BF, FMI, or FFMI was found among boys.ConclusionsOur data indicate that school-aged girls, but not boys, living in South China with higher dietary protein intake might have higher body fat mass, which could be modified by paternal occupation. More... »

PAGES

1845-1854

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Journal

    TITLE

    European Journal of Nutrition

    ISSUE

    5

    VOLUME

    57

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00394-017-1468-1

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-017-1468-1

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28536743


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    27 schema:datePublished 2017-05-23
    28 schema:datePublishedReg 2017-05-23
    29 schema:description PurposeProtein intake has been suggested to be associated with body composition among western children. Our aim was to determine whether protein intake is associated with body composition among Chinese children and to investigate whether parental socioeconomic status modifies these associations.MethodsCross-sectional data were collected from the baseline survey of an ongoing population-based prospective open cohort study conducted in 2013. In this survey, 2039 children in South China were recruited using cluster random sampling. Information of 1704 children (47% girls), aged 7–12 years from three primary schools (42 classes), on diet and anthropometry was included finally. Their daily protein intake was obtained by 3-day 24-h dietary recalls. Skinfold thickness, body height, and weight were measured to calculate percent body fat (%BF), fat mass index (FMI), and fat-free mass index (FFMI). Parental characteristics were collected by questionnaires.ResultsAmong girls, protein intake was positively associated with %BF and FMI [estimate (SE) for %BF: 0.007 (0.003), p = 0.04; for FMI: 0.092 (0.002), p = 0.03], adjusted for pubertal stage, breast-feeding, maternal overweight, carbohydrate intake, energy intake, and physical activity level. Furthermore, there was interaction between paternal occupation and the relations of dietary protein with %BF and FMI (pfor interaction ≤ 0.04). None of the associations between protein intake and %BF, FMI, or FFMI was found among boys.ConclusionsOur data indicate that school-aged girls, but not boys, living in South China with higher dietary protein intake might have higher body fat mass, which could be modified by paternal occupation.
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    36 China
    37 Chinese children
    38 ConclusionsOur data
    39 MethodsCross-sectional data
    40 South China
    41 Western children
    42 activity levels
    43 aim
    44 anthropometry
    45 association
    46 baseline survey
    47 body composition
    48 body fat
    49 body fat mass
    50 body height
    51 boys
    52 carbohydrate intake
    53 characteristics
    54 children
    55 cluster random sampling
    56 cohort study
    57 composition
    58 daily protein intake
    59 data
    60 diet
    61 dietary protein
    62 dietary protein intake
    63 dietary recalls
    64 employment
    65 energy intake
    66 fat
    67 fat mass
    68 fat mass index
    69 fat-free mass index
    70 girls
    71 height
    72 high protein
    73 higher body fat mass
    74 higher dietary protein intake
    75 index
    76 information
    77 intake
    78 interaction
    79 levels
    80 mass
    81 mass index
    82 maternal overweight
    83 occupation
    84 open cohort study
    85 overweight
    86 parental characteristics
    87 parental socioeconomic status
    88 part-time employment
    89 paternal occupation
    90 percent body fat
    91 physical activity levels
    92 primary schools
    93 prospective open cohort study
    94 protein
    95 protein intake
    96 pubertal stage
    97 questionnaire
    98 random sampling
    99 recall
    100 relation
    101 sampling
    102 school-aged girls
    103 schools
    104 socioeconomic status
    105 stage
    106 status
    107 study
    108 survey
    109 thickness
    110 weight
    111 years
    112 schema:name High protein intake along with paternal part-time employment is associated with higher body fat mass among girls from South China
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