Functional and prognostic implications of cardiac magnetic resonance feature tracking-derived remote myocardial strain analyses in patients following acute myocardial infarction View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2020-10-20

AUTHORS

Torben Lange, Thomas Stiermaier, Sören J. Backhaus, Patricia C. Boom, Johannes T. Kowallick, Suzanne de Waha-Thiele, Joachim Lotz, Shelby Kutty, Boris Bigalke, Matthias Gutberlet, Hans-Josef Feistritzer, Steffen Desch, Gerd Hasenfuß, Holger Thiele, Ingo Eitel, Andreas Schuster

ABSTRACT

BackgroundCardiac magnetic resonance myocardial feature tracking (CMR-FT)-derived global strain assessments provide incremental prognostic information in patients following acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Functional analyses of the remote myocardium (RM) are scarce and whether they provide an additional prognostic value in these patients is unknown.Methods1034 patients following acute myocardial infarction were included. CMR imaging and strain analyses as well as infarct size quantification were performed after reperfusion by primary percutaneous coronary intervention. The occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) within 12 months after the index event was defined as primary clinical endpoint.ResultsPatients with MACE had significantly lower RM circumferential strain (CS) compared to those without MACE. A cutoff value for RM CS of − 25.8% best identified high-risk patients (p < 0.001 on log-rank testing) and impaired RM CS was a strong predictor of MACE (HR 1.05, 95% CI 1.07–1.14, p = 0.003). RM CS provided further risk stratification among patients considered at risk according to established CMR parameters for (1) patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤ 35% (p = 0.038 on log-rank testing), (2) patients with reduced global circumferential strain (GCS) > − 18.3% (p = 0.015 on log-rank testing), and (3) patients with large microvascular obstruction ≥ 1.46% (p = 0.002 on log-rank testing).ConclusionCMR-FT-derived RM CS is a useful parameter to characterize the response of the remote myocardium and allows improved stratification following AMI beyond commonly used parameters, especially of high-risk patients.Trial registrationClinicalTrials.gov, NCT00712101 and NCT01612312Graphic abstractDefining remote segments (R) in the presence of infarct areas (I) for the analysis of remote circumferential strain (CS). Remote CS was significantly lower in patients who suffered major adverse cardiac events (MACE) and a cutoff value for remote CS of − 25.8% best identified high-risk patients. In addition, impaired remote CS ≥ − 25.8 % (Remote −) and preserved remote CS < − 25.8 % (Remote +) enabled further risk stratification when added to established parameters like left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), global circumferential strain (GCS) or microvascular obstruction (MVO). More... »

PAGES

270-280

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00392-020-01747-1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00392-020-01747-1

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1131931505

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33083869


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24 schema:description BackgroundCardiac magnetic resonance myocardial feature tracking (CMR-FT)-derived global strain assessments provide incremental prognostic information in patients following acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Functional analyses of the remote myocardium (RM) are scarce and whether they provide an additional prognostic value in these patients is unknown.Methods1034 patients following acute myocardial infarction were included. CMR imaging and strain analyses as well as infarct size quantification were performed after reperfusion by primary percutaneous coronary intervention. The occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) within 12 months after the index event was defined as primary clinical endpoint.ResultsPatients with MACE had significantly lower RM circumferential strain (CS) compared to those without MACE. A cutoff value for RM CS of − 25.8% best identified high-risk patients (p < 0.001 on log-rank testing) and impaired RM CS was a strong predictor of MACE (HR 1.05, 95% CI 1.07–1.14, p = 0.003). RM CS provided further risk stratification among patients considered at risk according to established CMR parameters for (1) patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤ 35% (p = 0.038 on log-rank testing), (2) patients with reduced global circumferential strain (GCS) > −  18.3% (p = 0.015 on log-rank testing), and (3) patients with large microvascular obstruction ≥ 1.46% (p = 0.002 on log-rank testing).ConclusionCMR-FT-derived RM CS is a useful parameter to characterize the response of the remote myocardium and allows improved stratification following AMI beyond commonly used parameters, especially of high-risk patients.Trial registrationClinicalTrials.gov, NCT00712101 and NCT01612312Graphic abstractDefining remote segments (R) in the presence of infarct areas (I) for the analysis of remote circumferential strain (CS). Remote CS was significantly lower in patients who suffered major adverse cardiac events (MACE) and a cutoff value for remote CS of − 25.8% best identified high-risk patients. In addition, impaired remote CS ≥ − 25.8 % (Remote −) and preserved remote CS < − 25.8 % (Remote +) enabled further risk stratification when added to established parameters like left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), global circumferential strain (GCS) or microvascular obstruction (MVO).
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