The impact of heart failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on mortality in patients presenting with breathlessness View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-02

AUTHORS

Joseph J. Cuthbert, Joshua W. Kearsley, Syed Kazmi, Anna Kallvikbakka-Bennett, Joan Weston, Julie Davis, Stella Rimmer, Andrew L. Clark

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Differentiating heart failure from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in a patient presenting with breathlessness is difficult but may have implications for outcome. We investigated the prognostic impact of diagnoses of COPD and/or heart failure in consecutive patients presenting to a secondary care clinic with breathlessness. METHODS: In patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) by visual estimation, N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NTproBNP) levels and spirometry were evaluated (N = 4986). Heart failure was defined as either LVSD worse than mild (heart failure with reduced ejection fraction) or LVSD mild or better and raised NTproBNP levels (> 400 ng/L) (heart failure with normal ejection fraction). COPD was defined as forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) to forced vital capacity (FVC) ratio < 0.7. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality. RESULTS: 1764 (35%) patients had heart failure alone, 585 (12%) had COPD alone, 1751 (35%) had heart failure and COPD, and 886 (18%) had neither. Compared to patients with neither diagnosis, those with COPD alone [hazard ratio (HR) = 1.84 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.40-2.43], heart failure alone [HR = 4.40 (95% CI 3.54-5.46)] or heart failure and COPD [HR = 5.44 (95% CI 4.39-6.75)] had a greater risk of death. COPD was not associated with increased risk of death in patients with heart failure on a multivariable analysis. CONCLUSION: While COPD is associated with increased risk of death compared to patients with neither heart failure nor COPD, it has a negligible impact on prognosis amongst patients with heart failure. More... »

PAGES

1-9

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URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00392-018-1342-z

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00392-018-1342-z

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1106052795

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30091083


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44 schema:description BACKGROUND: Differentiating heart failure from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in a patient presenting with breathlessness is difficult but may have implications for outcome. We investigated the prognostic impact of diagnoses of COPD and/or heart failure in consecutive patients presenting to a secondary care clinic with breathlessness. METHODS: In patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) by visual estimation, N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NTproBNP) levels and spirometry were evaluated (N = 4986). Heart failure was defined as either LVSD worse than mild (heart failure with reduced ejection fraction) or LVSD mild or better and raised NTproBNP levels (> 400 ng/L) (heart failure with normal ejection fraction). COPD was defined as forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) to forced vital capacity (FVC) ratio < 0.7. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality. RESULTS: 1764 (35%) patients had heart failure alone, 585 (12%) had COPD alone, 1751 (35%) had heart failure and COPD, and 886 (18%) had neither. Compared to patients with neither diagnosis, those with COPD alone [hazard ratio (HR) = 1.84 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.40-2.43], heart failure alone [HR = 4.40 (95% CI 3.54-5.46)] or heart failure and COPD [HR = 5.44 (95% CI 4.39-6.75)] had a greater risk of death. COPD was not associated with increased risk of death in patients with heart failure on a multivariable analysis. CONCLUSION: While COPD is associated with increased risk of death compared to patients with neither heart failure nor COPD, it has a negligible impact on prognosis amongst patients with heart failure.
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