Bacterial culture and antibiotic susceptibility in patients with acute appendicitis View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-04

AUTHORS

Dae Woon Song, Byung Kwan Park, Suk Won Suh, Seung Eun Lee, Jong Won Kim, Joong-Min Park, Hye Ryoun Kim, Mi-Kyung Lee, Yoo Shin Choi, Beom Gyu Kim, Yong Gum Park

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Essential treatment of acute appendicitis is surgical resection with the use of appropriate antibiotics. In order to effectively treat acute appendicitis, it is important to identify the microorganism of acute appendicitis and evaluate the effective antibiotics. METHODS: A total of 694 patients who underwent appendectomy for acute appendicitis and had positive microbial result between 2006 and 2015 were recruited. For microbial assessment, luminal contents of the appendix were swabbed after appendectomy. In patients with periappendiceal abscess, the specimens were obtained from abscess fluid. The patient characteristics, operative data, use of antibiotics, the results of microbiology, and postoperative morbidities including surgical site infection (SSI) were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: The mean age was 38.2 (± 19.8) years, and 422 patients (60.8%) were male. Most of the operations were performed by conventional laparoscopy (83.1%), followed by single-port laparoscopy (11.8%). The most common microorganism was Escherichia coli (64.6%), which was susceptible to amoxicillin/clavulanate, ciprofloxacin, most cephalosporins, piperacillin/tazobactam, and imipenem. The second most common microorganism was Pseudomonas aeruginosa (16.4%), which was resistant to amoxicillin/clavulanate and cefotaxime. The rate of postoperative morbidity was 8.6%, and the most common type was superficial SSI (6.2%), followed by ileus (1.2%), gastroenteritis (0.7%), and organ/space SSI (0.3%). P. aeruginosa (odds ratio = 2.128, 95% confidence interval 1.077-4.206, P = 0.030) was the only significant microorganism associated with SSI according to multivariate analysis adjusting for other clinical factors. CONCLUSIONS: In perforated appendicitis, the use of empirical antibiotics seems to be safe. In some cases of Pseudomonas infection, adequate antibiotics should be considered. More... »

PAGES

441-447

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00384-018-2992-z

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00384-018-2992-z

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101238068

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29488087


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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00384-018-2992-z'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00384-018-2992-z'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00384-018-2992-z'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00384-018-2992-z'


 

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