Role of tridimensional endoanal ultrasound (3D-EAUS) in the preoperative assessment of perianal sepsis View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2015-04

AUTHORS

Antonio Brillantino, Francesca Iacobellis, Giandomenico Di Sarno, Francesco D’Aniello, Domenico Izzo, Fiorella Paladino, Maurizio De Palma, Maurizio Castriconi, Roberto Grassi, Natale Di Martino, Adolfo Renzi

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of tridimensional endoanal ultrasound (3D-EAUS) in the diagnosis of perianal sepsis comparing the results with the surgical findings, considered as reference standard. METHODS: From January 2009 to January 2013, all the patients referred for the assessment and treatment of perianal sepsis with suspected anorectal origin were enrolled in the study. All patients gave informed written consent. Prior to surgery, all the patients underwent anamnestic evaluation, clinical examination, and unenhanced and H2O2-enhanced 3D-EAUS. Surgery was performed by a colorectal surgeon blinded to the 3D-EAUS results. RESULTS: A total of 212 patients with suspected perianal suppurations were assessed during the study period. In 12 patients, the H2O2-enhanced 3D-EAUS was not performed, and so, they were excluded from the study. Very good agreement between 3D-EAUS and examination under anesthesia (EUA) in the classification of primary fistula tracts (kappa = 0.93) and in the identification of fistula internal opening (kappa = 0.97) was found. There was a good concordance (kappa = 0.71) between 3D-EAUS and surgery in the detection of fistula secondary extensions. The overall sensitivity and specificity of 3D-EAUS in the diagnosis of perianal sepsis were 98.3 and 91.3% respectively. CONCLUSION: 3D-EAUS is a safe and reliable technique in the assessment of perianal sepsis. It may assist the surgeon in delineating the fistula tract anatomy and in determining the origin of sepsis, supporting the preoperative planning of definitive and appropriate surgical therapy. More... »

PAGES

535-542

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00384-015-2167-0

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00384-015-2167-0

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018839579

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25728829


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