Multidisciplinary evaluation of the distended abdomen in critically ill infants and children: the role of bedside sonography View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1998-06

AUTHORS

K. Azarow, B. Connolly, P. Babyn, S. D. Shemie, S. Ein, R. Pearl

ABSTRACT

Abdominal distention and metabolic acidosis are common in critically ill infants and children, and can be manifestations of an intra-abdominal catastrophe. This series demonstrates the value of bedside sonography (US) in this difficult assessment. Eight infants and children presented with the above situation. Seven were immediately post-cardiopulmonary resuscitation and none had antecedent histories of abdominal pain or bilious vomiting. Abdominal radiographs could not rule out intra-abdominal pathology such as ischemic bowel. Review of all laboratory and radiological data showed US to be a discerning modality for acute bowel pathology. A characteristic pattern of echogenic ascites, thickened bowel wall, dilated, fluid-filled bowel lumen, and lack of peristalsis was seen in those children with gangrenous bowel. Sonographic examination accurately predicted the status of the bowel in all patients. Four patients survived: two had segmental ileal necrosis, one had localized gangrene of the jejunum (twice), and one had necrotic bowel from a closed-loop obstruction. The four who died had malrotation with volvulus (two), superior mesenteric venous thrombosis, and one was immunocompromised with pulmonary aspiration. We conclude that bedside US can be extremely valuable as an adjunct in assessing the abdomen and diagnosing gangrenous bowel in critically ill infants and children. More... »

PAGES

355-359

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1993-03. Sonographic features of tuberculous peritonitis in ABDOMINAL RADIOLOGY
  • Identifiers

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s003830050338

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s003830050338

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029552057

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9639616


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