Glutamine regulates amino acid transport and glutathione levels in a human neuroblastoma cell line View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2004-09-11

AUTHORS

Hideki Soh, Masafumi Wasa, Hong-Sheng Wang, Masahiro Fukuzawa

ABSTRACT

Both amino acid transport and glutathione play a key role in regulating cancer cell growth. Glutamine can serve as an important ATP source for cancer cells, and it can supply glutamate, a precursor for the synthesis of glutathione, by the hydrolysis of glutamine. We examined the effects of glutamine concentrations [2 mM (control), 400 µM, 200 µM, and 0 µM] on cell growth, amino acid transport, and glutathione levels in a human neuroblastoma cell line, SK-N-SH, by using cell culture technique. Cell growth rates were dependent on glutamine concentrations in culture media. Glutamate transport significantly increased in glutamine-deprived groups, and this increase was remarkable in lower glutamine groups (200 µM and 0 µM glutamine). Glutamine deprivation resulted in a significant decrease in glutathione levels by 20% compared with control, but glutathione in 0 µM glutamine was maintained with the same levels found in 400 µM and 200 µM glutamine. DNA and protein synthesis correlated directly with glutamine concentrations in culture media. Our results suggest that glutamine mediates neuroblastoma cell proliferation by regulating amino acid transport and glutathione synthesis, both when sufficient nutrients are present and when key nutrients such as glutamine are in limited supply. More... »

PAGES

29-33

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00383-004-1258-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-004-1258-8

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035757806

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15372287


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