The added value of the multi-system spread information for ocean heat content and steric sea level investigations in the CMEMS ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-12-14

AUTHORS

Andrea Storto, Simona Masina, Simona Simoncelli, Doroteaciro Iovino, Andrea Cipollone, Marie Drevillon, Yann Drillet, Karina von Schuckman, Laurent Parent, Gilles Garric, Eric Greiner, Charles Desportes, Hao Zuo, Magdalena A. Balmaseda, K. Andrew Peterson

ABSTRACT

Since 2016, the Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service (CMEMS) has produced and disseminated an ensemble of four global ocean reanalyses produced at eddy-permitting resolution for the period from 1993 to present, called GREP (Global ocean Reanalysis Ensemble Product). This dataset offers the possibility to investigate the potential benefits of a multi-system approach for ocean reanalyses, since the four reanalyses span by construction the same spatial and temporal scales. In particular, our investigations focus on the added value of the information on the ensemble spread, implicitly contained in the GREP ensemble, for temperature, salinity, and steric sea level studies. It is shown that in spite of the small ensemble size, the spread is capable of estimating the flow-dependent uncertainty in the ensemble mean, although proper re-scaling is needed to achieve reliability. The GREP members also exhibit larger consistency (smaller spread) than their predecessors, suggesting advancement with time of the reanalysis vintage. The uncertainty information is crucial for monitoring the climate of the ocean, even at regional level, as GREP shows consistency with CMEMS high-resolution regional products and complement the regional estimates with uncertainty estimates. Further applications of the spread include the monitoring of the impact of changes in ocean observing networks; the use of multi-model ensemble anomalies in hybrid ensemble-variational retrospective analysis systems, which outperform static covariances and represent a promising application of GREP. Overall, the spread information of the GREP product is found to significantly contribute to the crucial requirement of uncertainty estimates for climatic datasets. More... »

PAGES

1-26

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2017-08. An assessment of air–sea heat fluxes from ocean and coupled reanalyses in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2017-12. A real-time ocean reanalyses intercomparison project in the context of tropical pacific observing system and ENSO monitoring in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2017-08. Intercomparison and validation of the mixed layer depth fields of global ocean syntheses in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2018-05. Ocean heat content variability in an ensemble of twentieth century ocean reanalyses in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2016-02. Fifteen years of ocean observations with the global Argo array in NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE
  • 2017-08. An assessment of upper ocean salinity content from the Ocean Reanalyses Inter-comparison Project (ORA-IP) in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2017-08. Ocean heat content variability and change in an ensemble of ocean reanalyses in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2017-08. Steric sea level variability (1993–2010) in an ensemble of ocean reanalyses and objective analyses in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2017-08. An ensemble of eddy-permitting global ocean reanalyses from the MyOcean project in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2017-08. Editorial for Ocean Reanalysis Intercomparison Special Issue in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2011-12. An assessment of oceanic variability in the NCEP climate forecast system reanalysis in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2017-08. Intercomparison of the Arctic sea ice cover in global ocean–sea ice reanalyses from the ORA-IP project in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2017-08. The new eddy-permitting ORAP5 ocean reanalysis: description, evaluation and uncertainties in climate signals in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2013-06. Ice-sheet mass balance and climate change in NATURE
  • 1996-05. A global ocean mesh to overcome the North Pole singularity in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2016-07. Recent slowing of Atlantic overturning circulation as a recovery from earlier strengthening in NATURE GEOSCIENCE
  • 2017-12. Rapid response to climate change in a marginal sea in SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00382-018-4585-5

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-018-4585-5

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1110638636


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0405", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Oceanography", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/04", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Earth Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "NATO Centre for Maritime Research and Experimentation", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.425579.8", 
              "name": [
                "Ocean Modeling and Data Assimilation Division, Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici, Bologna, Italy", 
                "Andrea Storto, Centre for Maritime Research and Experimentation (CMRE), viale San Bartolomeo 400, 19126, La Spezia, Italy"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Storto", 
            "givenName": "Andrea", 
            "id": "sg:person.014270422742.10", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014270422742.10"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Euro-Mediterranean Center for Climate Change", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.423878.2", 
              "name": [
                "Ocean Modeling and Data Assimilation Division, Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici, Bologna, Italy"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Masina", 
            "givenName": "Simona", 
            "id": "sg:person.012630464123.91", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012630464123.91"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410348.a", 
              "name": [
                "National Institute for Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Bologna, Italy"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Simoncelli", 
            "givenName": "Simona", 
            "id": "sg:person.016547020361.45", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016547020361.45"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Euro-Mediterranean Center for Climate Change", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.423878.2", 
              "name": [
                "Ocean Modeling and Data Assimilation Division, Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici, Bologna, Italy"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Iovino", 
            "givenName": "Doroteaciro", 
            "id": "sg:person.012171055223.31", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012171055223.31"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Euro-Mediterranean Center for Climate Change", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.423878.2", 
              "name": [
                "Ocean Modeling and Data Assimilation Division, Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici, Bologna, Italy"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Cipollone", 
            "givenName": "Andrea", 
            "id": "sg:person.012405344551.83", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012405344551.83"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Mercator Ocean (France)", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.436263.6", 
              "name": [
                "Mercator Ocean, Ramonville Saint-Agne, France"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Drevillon", 
            "givenName": "Marie", 
            "id": "sg:person.016602361065.75", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016602361065.75"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Mercator Ocean (France)", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.436263.6", 
              "name": [
                "Mercator Ocean, Ramonville Saint-Agne, France"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Drillet", 
            "givenName": "Yann", 
            "id": "sg:person.011214462367.89", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011214462367.89"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Mercator Ocean (France)", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.436263.6", 
              "name": [
                "Mercator Ocean, Ramonville Saint-Agne, France"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "von Schuckman", 
            "givenName": "Karina", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Mercator Ocean (France)", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.436263.6", 
              "name": [
                "Mercator Ocean, Ramonville Saint-Agne, France"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Parent", 
            "givenName": "Laurent", 
            "id": "sg:person.014227201231.26", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014227201231.26"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Mercator Ocean (France)", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.436263.6", 
              "name": [
                "Mercator Ocean, Ramonville Saint-Agne, France"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Garric", 
            "givenName": "Gilles", 
            "id": "sg:person.011472250665.96", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011472250665.96"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Collecte Localisation Satellites (France)", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.470681.c", 
              "name": [
                "Collecte Localisation Satellites (CLS), Ramonville Saint-Agne, France"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Greiner", 
            "givenName": "Eric", 
            "id": "sg:person.07411614065.80", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07411614065.80"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Mercator Ocean (France)", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.436263.6", 
              "name": [
                "Mercator Ocean, Ramonville Saint-Agne, France"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Desportes", 
            "givenName": "Charles", 
            "id": "sg:person.014600722153.86", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014600722153.86"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.42781.38", 
              "name": [
                "European Center for Medium Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), Reading, UK"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Zuo", 
            "givenName": "Hao", 
            "id": "sg:person.012142177613.39", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012142177613.39"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.42781.38", 
              "name": [
                "European Center for Medium Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), Reading, UK"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Balmaseda", 
            "givenName": "Magdalena A.", 
            "id": "sg:person.010507005427.12", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010507005427.12"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Met Office", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.17100.37", 
              "name": [
                "Met Office, Exeter, UK"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Peterson", 
            "givenName": "K. Andrew", 
            "id": "sg:person.013112074200.58", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013112074200.58"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/grl.50382", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000369107"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-marine-122414-034113", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002969250"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/2007jcli1824.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003410240"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2008.10.005", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004633597"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-8-679-2016", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006372019"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.87.2.245", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006949414"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.2071", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007392388"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature12238", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007815995", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature12238"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-15-0438.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008888693"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<4196:meffwa>2.0.co;2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009996506"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-7-2613-2014", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011412688"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1998)126<1719:asitek>2.0.co;2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012328057"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(2000)128<2905:ahekfv>2.0.co;2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012721151"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1256/qj.02.132", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013220549"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-16-0339.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014352834"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.2673", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015382459"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2015.00056", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015412673"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/1755876x.2015.1022329", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017947491"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/2002jd002670", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020320930"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/mwr3282.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020891837"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0426(1998)015<0522:aimmom>2.0.co;2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021529742"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.245", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022048432"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5194/os-6-269-2010", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022070423"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/2015jc010913", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022253117"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00211684", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022291357", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00211684"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00211684", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022291357", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00211684"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2012.04.003", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022718730"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2009.01.004", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023448552"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1256/qj.04.71", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023609295"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1256/qj.04.71", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023609295"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2637-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024759108", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2637-7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2637-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024759108", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2637-7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/jgrc.20307", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026071916"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate2872", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026367576", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2872"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.2629", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027169748"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.49711247414", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028508743"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5194/os-8-845-2012", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028545412"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5194/os-9-1-2013", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029428832"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/1755876x.2015.1050282", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030005280"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/2013jc009067", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030377029"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.320", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031157481"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ngeo2715", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033134713", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo2715"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/jhm-d-14-0008.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034257515"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-010-0954-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035301089", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-010-0954-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2728-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036080834", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2728-5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2728-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036080834", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2728-5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2728-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036080834", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2728-5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2015.07.008", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037176613"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/jtech-d-14-00042.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037199166"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/97eo00276", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037301620"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2868-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037792507", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2868-7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2868-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037792507", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2868-7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.828", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039601605"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-8-2221-2015", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039638103"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/2016gl070557", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039956371"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/1755876x.2015.1022330", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040061737"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2012.0388", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040843575"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/2008jcli2637.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040851025"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/met.1609", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042080365"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/2011gl046864", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043462392"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2554-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044781481", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2554-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2554-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044781481", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2554-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.2936", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044861333"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2005.01.003", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045300994"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.2579", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045628579"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/2014gl061302", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046260453"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/2016gl068605", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047302415"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/2016gl068605", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047302415"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/2010mwr3350.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048431517"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.2675", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049673047"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2843-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050443193", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2843-3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2843-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050443193", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2843-3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2843-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050443193", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2843-3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2675-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050510381", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2675-1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2675-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050510381", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2675-1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-marine-122414-034040", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050954951"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5194/os-12-1137-2016", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051134381"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-7-1069-2014", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051202641"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(2001)129<2426:uncatr>2.0.co;2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051380505"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-016-2985-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051520871", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-016-2985-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-016-2985-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051520871", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-016-2985-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-11-00094.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051805105"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2801-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051858024", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2801-0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2801-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051858024", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2801-0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2801-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051858024", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2801-0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/01490419.2010.491031", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052134502"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2016.06.011", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052334265"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/mwr-d-14-00376.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063456003"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.3402/tellusa.v65i0.19929", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071280857"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.3402/tellusa.v65i0.20038", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071280863"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.3402/tellusa.v68.29744", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071281032"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.71", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1073067809"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-017-3535-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083697625", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-017-3535-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-017-3535-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083697625", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-017-3535-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-017-04455-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1086112502", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-04455-5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-017-3845-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091050559", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-017-3845-0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-017-3845-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091050559", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-017-3845-0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-017-3813-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091051625", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-017-3813-8"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-017-3813-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091051625", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-017-3813-8"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-17-0174.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1093160462"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1357/002224017823523973", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1104461970"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2018.06.005", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105225928"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/1755876x.2018.1489208", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1106895294"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2018-12-14", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2018-12-14", 
        "description": "Since 2016, the Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service (CMEMS) has produced and disseminated an ensemble of four global ocean reanalyses produced at eddy-permitting resolution for the period from 1993 to present, called GREP (Global ocean Reanalysis Ensemble Product). This dataset offers the possibility to investigate the potential benefits of a multi-system approach for ocean reanalyses, since the four reanalyses span by construction the same spatial and temporal scales. In particular, our investigations focus on the added value of the information on the ensemble spread, implicitly contained in the GREP ensemble, for temperature, salinity, and steric sea level studies. It is shown that in spite of the small ensemble size, the spread is capable of estimating the flow-dependent uncertainty in the ensemble mean, although proper re-scaling is needed to achieve reliability. The GREP members also exhibit larger consistency (smaller spread) than their predecessors, suggesting advancement with time of the reanalysis vintage. The uncertainty information is crucial for monitoring the climate of the ocean, even at regional level, as GREP shows consistency with CMEMS high-resolution regional products and complement the regional estimates with uncertainty estimates. Further applications of the spread include the monitoring of the impact of changes in ocean observing networks; the use of multi-model ensemble anomalies in hybrid ensemble-variational retrospective analysis systems, which outperform static covariances and represent a promising application of GREP. Overall, the spread information of the GREP product is found to significantly contribute to the crucial requirement of uncertainty estimates for climatic datasets.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-018-4585-5", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1049631", 
            "issn": [
              "0930-7575", 
              "1432-0894"
            ], 
            "name": "Climate Dynamics", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "The added value of the multi-system spread information for ocean heat content and steric sea level investigations in the CMEMS GREP ensemble reanalysis product", 
        "pagination": "1-26", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "8e7acccd7bafca0c2b8ec8b3595c3c07c8d8166e44d53708d2106334a7c16616"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/s00382-018-4585-5"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1110638636"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-018-4585-5", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1110638636"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T08:24", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000296_0000000296/records_57247_00000000.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs00382-018-4585-5"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00382-018-4585-5'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00382-018-4585-5'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00382-018-4585-5'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00382-018-4585-5'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    446 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      110 URIs      16 LITERALS      5 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-018-4585-5 schema:about anzsrc-for:04
    2 anzsrc-for:0405
    3 schema:author Nfb88223fc54842f08945f55faac2a715
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf00211684
    5 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-010-0954-4
    6 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2554-9
    7 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2637-7
    8 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2675-1
    9 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2728-5
    10 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2801-0
    11 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2843-3
    12 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2868-7
    13 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-016-2985-y
    14 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-017-3535-y
    15 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-017-3813-8
    16 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-017-3845-0
    17 sg:pub.10.1038/nature12238
    18 sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate2872
    19 sg:pub.10.1038/ngeo2715
    20 sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-017-04455-5
    21 https://doi.org/10.1002/2013jc009067
    22 https://doi.org/10.1002/2014gl061302
    23 https://doi.org/10.1002/2015jc010913
    24 https://doi.org/10.1002/2016gl068605
    25 https://doi.org/10.1002/2016gl070557
    26 https://doi.org/10.1002/grl.50382
    27 https://doi.org/10.1002/jgrc.20307
    28 https://doi.org/10.1002/met.1609
    29 https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.2071
    30 https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.245
    31 https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.2579
    32 https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.2629
    33 https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.2673
    34 https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.2675
    35 https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.2936
    36 https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.320
    37 https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.49711247414
    38 https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.828
    39 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2005.01.003
    40 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2008.10.005
    41 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2009.01.004
    42 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2012.04.003
    43 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2015.07.008
    44 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2016.06.011
    45 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2018.06.005
    46 https://doi.org/10.1029/2002jd002670
    47 https://doi.org/10.1029/2011gl046864
    48 https://doi.org/10.1029/97eo00276
    49 https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.87.2.245
    50 https://doi.org/10.1080/01490419.2010.491031
    51 https://doi.org/10.1080/1755876x.2015.1022329
    52 https://doi.org/10.1080/1755876x.2015.1022330
    53 https://doi.org/10.1080/1755876x.2015.1050282
    54 https://doi.org/10.1080/1755876x.2018.1489208
    55 https://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2012.0388
    56 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-marine-122414-034040
    57 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-marine-122414-034113
    58 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0426(1998)015<0522:aimmom>2.0.co;2
    59 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<4196:meffwa>2.0.co;2
    60 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1998)126<1719:asitek>2.0.co;2
    61 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(2000)128<2905:ahekfv>2.0.co;2
    62 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(2001)129<2426:uncatr>2.0.co;2
    63 https://doi.org/10.1175/2007jcli1824.1
    64 https://doi.org/10.1175/2008jcli2637.1
    65 https://doi.org/10.1175/2010mwr3350.1
    66 https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-11-00094.1
    67 https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-17-0174.1
    68 https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-15-0438.1
    69 https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-16-0339.1
    70 https://doi.org/10.1175/jhm-d-14-0008.1
    71 https://doi.org/10.1175/jtech-d-14-00042.1
    72 https://doi.org/10.1175/mwr-d-14-00376.1
    73 https://doi.org/10.1175/mwr3282.1
    74 https://doi.org/10.1256/qj.02.132
    75 https://doi.org/10.1256/qj.04.71
    76 https://doi.org/10.1357/002224017823523973
    77 https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2015.00056
    78 https://doi.org/10.3402/tellusa.v65i0.19929
    79 https://doi.org/10.3402/tellusa.v65i0.20038
    80 https://doi.org/10.3402/tellusa.v68.29744
    81 https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-8-679-2016
    82 https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-7-1069-2014
    83 https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-7-2613-2014
    84 https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-8-2221-2015
    85 https://doi.org/10.5194/os-12-1137-2016
    86 https://doi.org/10.5194/os-6-269-2010
    87 https://doi.org/10.5194/os-8-845-2012
    88 https://doi.org/10.5194/os-9-1-2013
    89 https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.71
    90 schema:datePublished 2018-12-14
    91 schema:datePublishedReg 2018-12-14
    92 schema:description Since 2016, the Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service (CMEMS) has produced and disseminated an ensemble of four global ocean reanalyses produced at eddy-permitting resolution for the period from 1993 to present, called GREP (Global ocean Reanalysis Ensemble Product). This dataset offers the possibility to investigate the potential benefits of a multi-system approach for ocean reanalyses, since the four reanalyses span by construction the same spatial and temporal scales. In particular, our investigations focus on the added value of the information on the ensemble spread, implicitly contained in the GREP ensemble, for temperature, salinity, and steric sea level studies. It is shown that in spite of the small ensemble size, the spread is capable of estimating the flow-dependent uncertainty in the ensemble mean, although proper re-scaling is needed to achieve reliability. The GREP members also exhibit larger consistency (smaller spread) than their predecessors, suggesting advancement with time of the reanalysis vintage. The uncertainty information is crucial for monitoring the climate of the ocean, even at regional level, as GREP shows consistency with CMEMS high-resolution regional products and complement the regional estimates with uncertainty estimates. Further applications of the spread include the monitoring of the impact of changes in ocean observing networks; the use of multi-model ensemble anomalies in hybrid ensemble-variational retrospective analysis systems, which outperform static covariances and represent a promising application of GREP. Overall, the spread information of the GREP product is found to significantly contribute to the crucial requirement of uncertainty estimates for climatic datasets.
    93 schema:genre research_article
    94 schema:inLanguage en
    95 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    96 schema:isPartOf sg:journal.1049631
    97 schema:name The added value of the multi-system spread information for ocean heat content and steric sea level investigations in the CMEMS GREP ensemble reanalysis product
    98 schema:pagination 1-26
    99 schema:productId N5d5d3896a5df4c4fa789f8840bf00b87
    100 N8f61d0f879a44d2fb7a4e91162394a23
    101 Nc5539dd57d76447286f701437453f9ae
    102 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1110638636
    103 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-018-4585-5
    104 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T08:24
    105 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    106 schema:sdPublisher N5ba291b41f524e5da990f15903a5c6e2
    107 schema:url https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs00382-018-4585-5
    108 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    109 sgo:sdDataset articles
    110 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    111 N008c792d283649a6b2a68c169d30a7bf rdf:first sg:person.07411614065.80
    112 rdf:rest N28a2254602af42c2a87449b6d869926c
    113 N0dcd3f895e9948738eae39efd02e1aad rdf:first sg:person.012405344551.83
    114 rdf:rest N8784fd52e4be468c85ac61ac4dd711b2
    115 N2153b2dde80e412390a12f105bfa04fd schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.436263.6
    116 schema:familyName von Schuckman
    117 schema:givenName Karina
    118 rdf:type schema:Person
    119 N28a2254602af42c2a87449b6d869926c rdf:first sg:person.014600722153.86
    120 rdf:rest Ne901b3ac647d468b8ef8290ee6c671e2
    121 N53bb64f5256a409f9dc0d90592d2169c rdf:first sg:person.013112074200.58
    122 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    123 N598300bf644647db8e0ad1590f89743c rdf:first sg:person.010507005427.12
    124 rdf:rest N53bb64f5256a409f9dc0d90592d2169c
    125 N5ba291b41f524e5da990f15903a5c6e2 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    126 rdf:type schema:Organization
    127 N5d5d3896a5df4c4fa789f8840bf00b87 schema:name readcube_id
    128 schema:value 8e7acccd7bafca0c2b8ec8b3595c3c07c8d8166e44d53708d2106334a7c16616
    129 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    130 N7e186098fabd45c2acf49ebe220b3098 rdf:first N2153b2dde80e412390a12f105bfa04fd
    131 rdf:rest Nf3131443f05145569f7317cde4ff4ac3
    132 N8047f9429b6f45e9b62d1ab5bf74244e rdf:first sg:person.011214462367.89
    133 rdf:rest N7e186098fabd45c2acf49ebe220b3098
    134 N8784fd52e4be468c85ac61ac4dd711b2 rdf:first sg:person.016602361065.75
    135 rdf:rest N8047f9429b6f45e9b62d1ab5bf74244e
    136 N8f61d0f879a44d2fb7a4e91162394a23 schema:name dimensions_id
    137 schema:value pub.1110638636
    138 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    139 Nc5539dd57d76447286f701437453f9ae schema:name doi
    140 schema:value 10.1007/s00382-018-4585-5
    141 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    142 Ncbade524d1e743feb0737989c016cd68 rdf:first sg:person.012630464123.91
    143 rdf:rest Nd69d9fe844864234bf0c49b0d9025a35
    144 Nd69d9fe844864234bf0c49b0d9025a35 rdf:first sg:person.016547020361.45
    145 rdf:rest Nf911dd33ace14aef8da8f6a082a12a84
    146 Ne7f3d255e0a74cf5b38342dc9cee4296 rdf:first sg:person.011472250665.96
    147 rdf:rest N008c792d283649a6b2a68c169d30a7bf
    148 Ne901b3ac647d468b8ef8290ee6c671e2 rdf:first sg:person.012142177613.39
    149 rdf:rest N598300bf644647db8e0ad1590f89743c
    150 Nf3131443f05145569f7317cde4ff4ac3 rdf:first sg:person.014227201231.26
    151 rdf:rest Ne7f3d255e0a74cf5b38342dc9cee4296
    152 Nf911dd33ace14aef8da8f6a082a12a84 rdf:first sg:person.012171055223.31
    153 rdf:rest N0dcd3f895e9948738eae39efd02e1aad
    154 Nfb88223fc54842f08945f55faac2a715 rdf:first sg:person.014270422742.10
    155 rdf:rest Ncbade524d1e743feb0737989c016cd68
    156 anzsrc-for:04 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    157 schema:name Earth Sciences
    158 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    159 anzsrc-for:0405 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    160 schema:name Oceanography
    161 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    162 sg:journal.1049631 schema:issn 0930-7575
    163 1432-0894
    164 schema:name Climate Dynamics
    165 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    166 sg:person.010507005427.12 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.42781.38
    167 schema:familyName Balmaseda
    168 schema:givenName Magdalena A.
    169 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010507005427.12
    170 rdf:type schema:Person
    171 sg:person.011214462367.89 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.436263.6
    172 schema:familyName Drillet
    173 schema:givenName Yann
    174 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011214462367.89
    175 rdf:type schema:Person
    176 sg:person.011472250665.96 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.436263.6
    177 schema:familyName Garric
    178 schema:givenName Gilles
    179 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011472250665.96
    180 rdf:type schema:Person
    181 sg:person.012142177613.39 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.42781.38
    182 schema:familyName Zuo
    183 schema:givenName Hao
    184 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012142177613.39
    185 rdf:type schema:Person
    186 sg:person.012171055223.31 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.423878.2
    187 schema:familyName Iovino
    188 schema:givenName Doroteaciro
    189 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012171055223.31
    190 rdf:type schema:Person
    191 sg:person.012405344551.83 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.423878.2
    192 schema:familyName Cipollone
    193 schema:givenName Andrea
    194 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012405344551.83
    195 rdf:type schema:Person
    196 sg:person.012630464123.91 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.423878.2
    197 schema:familyName Masina
    198 schema:givenName Simona
    199 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012630464123.91
    200 rdf:type schema:Person
    201 sg:person.013112074200.58 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.17100.37
    202 schema:familyName Peterson
    203 schema:givenName K. Andrew
    204 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013112074200.58
    205 rdf:type schema:Person
    206 sg:person.014227201231.26 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.436263.6
    207 schema:familyName Parent
    208 schema:givenName Laurent
    209 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014227201231.26
    210 rdf:type schema:Person
    211 sg:person.014270422742.10 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.425579.8
    212 schema:familyName Storto
    213 schema:givenName Andrea
    214 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014270422742.10
    215 rdf:type schema:Person
    216 sg:person.014600722153.86 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.436263.6
    217 schema:familyName Desportes
    218 schema:givenName Charles
    219 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014600722153.86
    220 rdf:type schema:Person
    221 sg:person.016547020361.45 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410348.a
    222 schema:familyName Simoncelli
    223 schema:givenName Simona
    224 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016547020361.45
    225 rdf:type schema:Person
    226 sg:person.016602361065.75 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.436263.6
    227 schema:familyName Drevillon
    228 schema:givenName Marie
    229 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016602361065.75
    230 rdf:type schema:Person
    231 sg:person.07411614065.80 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.470681.c
    232 schema:familyName Greiner
    233 schema:givenName Eric
    234 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07411614065.80
    235 rdf:type schema:Person
    236 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00211684 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022291357
    237 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00211684
    238 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    239 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-010-0954-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035301089
    240 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-010-0954-4
    241 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    242 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2554-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044781481
    243 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2554-9
    244 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    245 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2637-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024759108
    246 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2637-7
    247 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    248 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2675-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050510381
    249 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2675-1
    250 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    251 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2728-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036080834
    252 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2728-5
    253 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    254 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2801-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051858024
    255 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2801-0
    256 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    257 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2843-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050443193
    258 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2843-3
    259 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    260 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2868-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037792507
    261 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2868-7
    262 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    263 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-016-2985-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051520871
    264 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-016-2985-y
    265 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    266 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-017-3535-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083697625
    267 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-017-3535-y
    268 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    269 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-017-3813-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091051625
    270 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-017-3813-8
    271 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    272 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-017-3845-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091050559
    273 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-017-3845-0
    274 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    275 sg:pub.10.1038/nature12238 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007815995
    276 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature12238
    277 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    278 sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate2872 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026367576
    279 https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2872
    280 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    281 sg:pub.10.1038/ngeo2715 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033134713
    282 https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo2715
    283 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    284 sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-017-04455-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1086112502
    285 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-04455-5
    286 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    287 https://doi.org/10.1002/2013jc009067 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030377029
    288 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    289 https://doi.org/10.1002/2014gl061302 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046260453
    290 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    291 https://doi.org/10.1002/2015jc010913 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022253117
    292 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    293 https://doi.org/10.1002/2016gl068605 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047302415
    294 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    295 https://doi.org/10.1002/2016gl070557 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039956371
    296 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    297 https://doi.org/10.1002/grl.50382 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000369107
    298 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    299 https://doi.org/10.1002/jgrc.20307 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026071916
    300 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    301 https://doi.org/10.1002/met.1609 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042080365
    302 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    303 https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.2071 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007392388
    304 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    305 https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.245 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022048432
    306 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    307 https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.2579 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045628579
    308 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    309 https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.2629 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027169748
    310 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    311 https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.2673 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015382459
    312 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    313 https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.2675 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049673047
    314 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    315 https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.2936 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044861333
    316 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    317 https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.320 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031157481
    318 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    319 https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.49711247414 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028508743
    320 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    321 https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.828 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039601605
    322 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    323 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2005.01.003 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045300994
    324 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    325 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2008.10.005 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004633597
    326 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    327 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2009.01.004 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023448552
    328 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    329 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2012.04.003 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022718730
    330 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    331 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2015.07.008 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037176613
    332 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    333 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2016.06.011 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052334265
    334 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    335 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2018.06.005 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105225928
    336 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    337 https://doi.org/10.1029/2002jd002670 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020320930
    338 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    339 https://doi.org/10.1029/2011gl046864 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043462392
    340 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    341 https://doi.org/10.1029/97eo00276 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037301620
    342 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    343 https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.87.2.245 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006949414
    344 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    345 https://doi.org/10.1080/01490419.2010.491031 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052134502
    346 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    347 https://doi.org/10.1080/1755876x.2015.1022329 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017947491
    348 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    349 https://doi.org/10.1080/1755876x.2015.1022330 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040061737
    350 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    351 https://doi.org/10.1080/1755876x.2015.1050282 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030005280
    352 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    353 https://doi.org/10.1080/1755876x.2018.1489208 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1106895294
    354 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    355 https://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2012.0388 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040843575
    356 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    357 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-marine-122414-034040 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050954951
    358 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    359 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-marine-122414-034113 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002969250
    360 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    361 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0426(1998)015<0522:aimmom>2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021529742
    362 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    363 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<4196:meffwa>2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009996506
    364 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    365 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1998)126<1719:asitek>2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012328057
    366 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    367 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(2000)128<2905:ahekfv>2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012721151
    368 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    369 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(2001)129<2426:uncatr>2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051380505
    370 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    371 https://doi.org/10.1175/2007jcli1824.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003410240
    372 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    373 https://doi.org/10.1175/2008jcli2637.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040851025
    374 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    375 https://doi.org/10.1175/2010mwr3350.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048431517
    376 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    377 https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-11-00094.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051805105
    378 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    379 https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-17-0174.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1093160462
    380 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    381 https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-15-0438.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008888693
    382 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    383 https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-16-0339.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014352834
    384 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    385 https://doi.org/10.1175/jhm-d-14-0008.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034257515
    386 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    387 https://doi.org/10.1175/jtech-d-14-00042.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037199166
    388 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    389 https://doi.org/10.1175/mwr-d-14-00376.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063456003
    390 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    391 https://doi.org/10.1175/mwr3282.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020891837
    392 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    393 https://doi.org/10.1256/qj.02.132 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013220549
    394 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    395 https://doi.org/10.1256/qj.04.71 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023609295
    396 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    397 https://doi.org/10.1357/002224017823523973 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1104461970
    398 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    399 https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2015.00056 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015412673
    400 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    401 https://doi.org/10.3402/tellusa.v65i0.19929 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071280857
    402 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    403 https://doi.org/10.3402/tellusa.v65i0.20038 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071280863
    404 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    405 https://doi.org/10.3402/tellusa.v68.29744 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071281032
    406 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    407 https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-8-679-2016 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006372019
    408 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    409 https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-7-1069-2014 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051202641
    410 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    411 https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-7-2613-2014 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011412688
    412 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    413 https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-8-2221-2015 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039638103
    414 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    415 https://doi.org/10.5194/os-12-1137-2016 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051134381
    416 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    417 https://doi.org/10.5194/os-6-269-2010 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022070423
    418 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    419 https://doi.org/10.5194/os-8-845-2012 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028545412
    420 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    421 https://doi.org/10.5194/os-9-1-2013 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029428832
    422 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    423 https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.71 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1073067809
    424 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    425 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.17100.37 schema:alternateName Met Office
    426 schema:name Met Office, Exeter, UK
    427 rdf:type schema:Organization
    428 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410348.a schema:alternateName National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology
    429 schema:name National Institute for Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Bologna, Italy
    430 rdf:type schema:Organization
    431 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.423878.2 schema:alternateName Euro-Mediterranean Center for Climate Change
    432 schema:name Ocean Modeling and Data Assimilation Division, Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici, Bologna, Italy
    433 rdf:type schema:Organization
    434 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.425579.8 schema:alternateName NATO Centre for Maritime Research and Experimentation
    435 schema:name Andrea Storto, Centre for Maritime Research and Experimentation (CMRE), viale San Bartolomeo 400, 19126, La Spezia, Italy
    436 Ocean Modeling and Data Assimilation Division, Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici, Bologna, Italy
    437 rdf:type schema:Organization
    438 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.42781.38 schema:alternateName European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts
    439 schema:name European Center for Medium Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), Reading, UK
    440 rdf:type schema:Organization
    441 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.436263.6 schema:alternateName Mercator Ocean (France)
    442 schema:name Mercator Ocean, Ramonville Saint-Agne, France
    443 rdf:type schema:Organization
    444 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.470681.c schema:alternateName Collecte Localisation Satellites (France)
    445 schema:name Collecte Localisation Satellites (CLS), Ramonville Saint-Agne, France
    446 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...