A new integrated and homogenized global monthly land surface air temperature dataset for the period since 1900 View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-04

AUTHORS

Wenhui Xu, Qingxiang Li, Phil Jones, Xiaolan L. Wang, Blair Trewin, Su Yang, Chen Zhu, Panmao Zhai, Jinfeng Wang, Lucie Vincent, Aiguo Dai, Yun Gao, Yihui Ding

ABSTRACT

A new dataset of integrated and homogenized monthly surface air temperature over global land for the period since 1900 [China Meteorological Administration global Land Surface Air Temperature (CMA-LSAT)] is developed. In total, 14 sources have been collected and integrated into the newly developed dataset, including three global (CRUTEM4, GHCN, and BEST), three regional and eight national sources. Duplicate stations are identified, and those with the higher priority are chosen or spliced. Then, a consistency test and a climate outlier test are conducted to ensure that each station series is quality controlled. Next, two steps are adopted to assure the homogeneity of the station series: (1) homogenized station series in existing national datasets (by National Meteorological Services) are directly integrated into the dataset without any changes (50% of all stations), and (2) the inhomogeneities are detected and adjusted for in the remaining data series using a penalized maximal t test (50% of all stations). Based on the dataset, we re-assess the temperature changes in global and regional areas compared with GHCN-V3 and CRUTEM4, as well as the temperature changes during the three periods of 1900–2014, 1979–2014 and 1998–2014. The best estimates of warming trends and there 95% confidence ranges for 1900–2014 are approximately 0.102 ± 0.006 °C/decade for the whole year, and 0.104 ± 0.009, 0.112 ± 0.007, 0.090 ± 0.006, and 0.092 ± 0.007 °C/decade for the DJF (December, January, February), MAM, JJA, and SON seasons, respectively. MAM saw the most significant warming trend in both 1900–2014 and 1979–2014. For an even shorter and more recent period (1998–2014), MAM, JJA and SON show similar warming trends, while DJF shows opposite trends. The results show that the ability of CMA-LAST for describing the global temperature changes is similar with other existing products, while there are some differences when describing regional temperature changes. More... »

PAGES

2513-2536

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00382-017-3755-1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-017-3755-1

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1086125561


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