Responses of European precipitation distributions and regimes to different blocking locations View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2016-04-25

AUTHORS

Pedro M. Sousa, Ricardo M. Trigo, David Barriopedro, Pedro M. M. Soares, Alexandre M. Ramos, Margarida L. R. Liberato

ABSTRACT

In this work we performed an analysis on the impacts of blocking episodes on seasonal and annual European precipitation and the associated physical mechanisms. Distinct domains were considered in detail taking into account different blocking center positions spanning between the Atlantic and western Russia. Significant positive precipitation anomalies are found for southernmost areas while generalized negative anomalies (up to 75 % in some areas) occur in large areas of central and northern Europe. This dipole of anomalies is reversed when compared to that observed during episodes of strong zonal flow conditions. We illustrate that the location of the maximum precipitation anomalies follows quite well the longitudinal positioning of the blocking centers and discuss regional and seasonal differences in the precipitation responses. To better understand the precipitation anomalies, we explore the blocking influence on cyclonic activity. The results indicate a split of the storm-tracks north and south of blocking systems, leading to an almost complete reduction of cyclonic centers in northern and central Europe and increases in southern areas, where cyclone frequency doubles during blocking episodes. However, the underlying processes conductive to the precipitation anomalies are distinct between northern and southern European regions, with a significant role of atmospheric instability in southern Europe, and moisture availability as the major driver at higher latitudes. This distinctive underlying process is coherent with the characteristic patterns of latent heat release from the ocean associated with blocked and strong zonal flow patterns. We also analyzed changes in the full range of the precipitation distribution of several regional sectors during blocked and zonal days. Results show that precipitation reductions in the areas under direct blocking influence are driven by a substantial drop in the frequency of moderate rainfall classes. Contrarily, southwards of blocking systems, frequency increases in moderate to extreme rainfall classes largely determine the precipitation anomaly in the accumulated totals. In this context, we show the close relationship between the more intrinsic torrential nature of Mediterranean precipitation regimes and the role of blocking systems in increasing the probability of extreme events. More... »

PAGES

1141-1160

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2006-12-20. Interannual variability of cut-off low systems over the European sector: The role of blocking and the Northern Hemisphere circulation modes in METEOROLOGY AND ATMOSPHERIC PHYSICS
  • 2010-03-03. Application of blocking diagnosis methods to General Circulation Models. Part II: model simulations in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2009-10-15. Improved confidence in climate change projections of precipitation further evaluated using daily statistics from ENSEMBLES models in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2015-07-14. Impact of Euro-Atlantic blocking patterns in Iberia precipitation using a novel high resolution dataset in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2014-04-20. Mega-heatwave temperatures due to combined soil desiccation and atmospheric heat accumulation in NATURE GEOSCIENCE
  • 2013-05-31. Large-scale synoptic types and their impact on European precipitation in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED CLIMATOLOGY
  • 2011-09-04. Assessment of atmosphere-ocean general circulation model simulations of winter northern hemisphere atmospheric blocking in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2007-05-22. Atmospheric blocking: space-time links to the NAO and PNA in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2011-11-19. A methodology for the comparison of blocking climatologies across indices, models and climate scenarios in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2004-05-29. Climate impact of the European winter blocking episodes from the NCEP/NCAR Reanalyses in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2009-11-08. The influence of interpolation and station network density on the distributions and trends of climate variables in gridded daily data in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2014-09-15. Relationship between zonal position of the North Atlantic Oscillation and Euro-Atlantic blocking events and its possible effect on the weather over Europe in SCIENCE CHINA EARTH SCIENCES
  • 2010-02-07. Statistical distributions of daily rainfall regime in Europe for the period 1951–2000 in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED CLIMATOLOGY
  • 2010-03-03. Application of blocking diagnosis methods to General Circulation Models. Part I: a novel detection scheme in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2008-07-22. Improved confidence in climate change projections of precipitation evaluated using daily statistics from the PRUDENCE ensemble in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2014-12-10. Climate change and the Portuguese precipitation: ENSEMBLES regional climate models results in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2005-12-23. Climatology and interannual variability of storm-tracks in the Euro-Atlantic sector: a comparison between ERA-40 and NCEP/NCAR reanalyses in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00382-016-3132-5

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