An assessment of air–sea heat fluxes from ocean and coupled reanalyses View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-08

AUTHORS

Maria Valdivieso, Keith Haines, Magdalena Balmaseda, You-Soon Chang, Marie Drevillon, Nicolas Ferry, Yosuke Fujii, Armin Köhl, Andrea Storto, Takahiro Toyoda, Xiaochun Wang, Jennifer Waters, Yan Xue, Yonghong Yin, Bernard Barnier, Fabrice Hernandez, Arun Kumar, Tong Lee, Simona Masina, K. Andrew Peterson

ABSTRACT

Sixteen monthly air–sea heat flux products from global ocean/coupled reanalyses are compared over 1993–2009 as part of the Ocean Reanalysis Intercomparison Project (ORA-IP). Objectives include assessing the global heat closure, the consistency of temporal variability, comparison with other flux products, and documenting errors against in situ flux measurements at a number of OceanSITES moorings. The ensemble of 16 ORA-IP flux estimates has a global positive bias over 1993–2009 of 4.2 ± 1.1 W m−2. Residual heat gain (i.e., surface flux + assimilation increments) is reduced to a small positive imbalance (typically, +1–2 W m−2). This compensation between surface fluxes and assimilation increments is concentrated in the upper 100 m. Implied steady meridional heat transports also improve by including assimilation sources, except near the equator. The ensemble spread in surface heat fluxes is dominated by turbulent fluxes (>40 W m−2 over the western boundary currents). The mean seasonal cycle is highly consistent, with variability between products mostly <10 W m−2. The interannual variability has consistent signal-to-noise ratio (~2) throughout the equatorial Pacific, reflecting ENSO variability. Comparisons at tropical buoy sites (10°S–15°N) over 2007–2009 showed too little ocean heat gain (i.e., flux into the ocean) in ORA-IP (up to 1/3 smaller than buoy measurements) primarily due to latent heat flux errors in ORA-IP. Comparisons with the Stratus buoy (20°S, 85°W) over a longer period, 2001–2009, also show the ORA-IP ensemble has 16 W m−2 smaller net heat gain, nearly all of which is due to too much latent cooling caused by differences in surface winds imposed in ORA-IP. More... »

PAGES

983-1008

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2843-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2843-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050443193


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