Climate change projections using the IPSL-CM5 Earth System Model: from CMIP3 to CMIP5 View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2013-02-24

AUTHORS

J.-L. Dufresne, M.-A. Foujols, S. Denvil, A. Caubel, O. Marti, O. Aumont, Y. Balkanski, S. Bekki, H. Bellenger, R. Benshila, S. Bony, L. Bopp, P. Braconnot, P. Brockmann, P. Cadule, F. Cheruy, F. Codron, A. Cozic, D. Cugnet, N. de Noblet, J.-P. Duvel, C. Ethé, L. Fairhead, T. Fichefet, S. Flavoni, P. Friedlingstein, J.-Y. Grandpeix, L. Guez, E. Guilyardi, D. Hauglustaine, F. Hourdin, A. Idelkadi, J. Ghattas, S. Joussaume, M. Kageyama, G. Krinner, S. Labetoulle, A. Lahellec, M.-P. Lefebvre, F. Lefevre, C. Levy, Z. X. Li, J. Lloyd, F. Lott, G. Madec, M. Mancip, M. Marchand, S. Masson, Y. Meurdesoif, J. Mignot, I. Musat, S. Parouty, J. Polcher, C. Rio, M. Schulz, D. Swingedouw, S. Szopa, C. Talandier, P. Terray, N. Viovy, N. Vuichard

ABSTRACT

We present the global general circulation model IPSL-CM5 developed to study the long-term response of the climate system to natural and anthropogenic forcings as part of the 5th Phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5). This model includes an interactive carbon cycle, a representation of tropospheric and stratospheric chemistry, and a comprehensive representation of aerosols. As it represents the principal dynamical, physical, and bio-geochemical processes relevant to the climate system, it may be referred to as an Earth System Model. However, the IPSL-CM5 model may be used in a multitude of configurations associated with different boundary conditions and with a range of complexities in terms of processes and interactions. This paper presents an overview of the different model components and explains how they were coupled and used to simulate historical climate changes over the past 150 years and different scenarios of future climate change. A single version of the IPSL-CM5 model (IPSL-CM5A-LR) was used to provide climate projections associated with different socio-economic scenarios, including the different Representative Concentration Pathways considered by CMIP5 and several scenarios from the Special Report on Emission Scenarios considered by CMIP3. Results suggest that the magnitude of global warming projections primarily depends on the socio-economic scenario considered, that there is potential for an aggressive mitigation policy to limit global warming to about two degrees, and that the behavior of some components of the climate system such as the Arctic sea ice and the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation may change drastically by the end of the twenty-first century in the case of a no climate policy scenario. Although the magnitude of regional temperature and precipitation changes depends fairly linearly on the magnitude of the projected global warming (and thus on the scenario considered), the geographical pattern of these changes is strikingly similar for the different scenarios. The representation of atmospheric physical processes in the model is shown to strongly influence the simulated climate variability and both the magnitude and pattern of the projected climate changes. More... »

PAGES

2123-2165

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  • Journal

    TITLE

    Climate Dynamics

    ISSUE

    9-10

    VOLUME

    40

    Author Affiliations

  • Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique (LMD/IPSL), Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Ecole Normale Supérieure (ENS), Ecole Polytechnique (EP), Université Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC), Paris, France
  • Institut Pierre Simon Laplace (IPSL), Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin (UVSQ), Université Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC), Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique (CEA), Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), Ecole Normale Supérieure (ENS), Ecole Polytechnique (EP), Université Denis Diderot, Université Paris-Est Créteil, Paris, France
  • Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement (LSCE/IPSL), Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique (CEA), Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin (UVSQ), Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • Laboratoire de Physique des Océans (LPO), Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Institut Français de Recherche pour l’Exploitation de la Mer (Ifremer), Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), Université de Bretagne Occidentale (UBO), Brest, France
  • Laboratoire Atmosphères, Milieux, Observations Spatiales (LATMOS/IPSL), Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin (UVSQ), Université Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC), Paris, France
  • Laboratoire d’Océanographie et du Climat: Expérimentation et Approches Numériques (LOCEAN/IPSL), Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Université Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC), Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle (MNHM), Paris, France
  • Georges Lemaître Centre for Earth and Climate Research, Earth and Life Institute, Université Catholique de Louvain, 1348, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
  • College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences, University of Exeter, EX4 4QF, Exeter, UK
  • Laboratoire de Glaciologie et Géophysique de l’Environnement (LGGE), Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Université Joseph Fourier (UJF), Grenoble, France
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00382-012-1636-1

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-012-1636-1

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028914989


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