Tree-ring reconstructed summer temperature anomalies for temperate East Asia since 800 C.E. View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2012-12-05

AUTHORS

Edward R. Cook, Paul J. Krusic, Kevin J. Anchukaitis, Brendan M. Buckley, Takeshi Nakatsuka, Masaki Sano, PAGES Asia2k Members

ABSTRACT

We develop a summer temperature reconstruction for temperate East Asia based on a network of annual tree-ring chronologies covering the period 800–1989 C.E. The East Asia reconstruction is the regional average of 585 individual grid point summer temperature reconstructions produced using an ensemble version of point-by-point regression. Statistical calibration and validation tests indicate that the regional average possesses sufficient overall skill to allow it to be used to study the causes of temperature variability and change over the region. The reconstruction suggests a moderately warm early medieval epoch (ca. 850–1050 C.E.), followed by generally cooler ‘Little Ice Age’ conditions (ca. 1350–1880 C.E.) and 20th century warming up to the present time. Since 1990, average temperature has exceeded past warm epochs of comparable duration, but it is not statistically unprecedented. Superposed epoch analysis reveals a volcanic forcing signal in the East Asia summer temperature reconstruction, resulting in pulses of cooler summer conditions that may persist for several years. Substantial uncertainties remain, however, particularly at lower frequencies, thus requiring caution and scientific prudence in the interpretation of this record. More... »

PAGES

2957-2972

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00382-012-1611-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-012-1611-x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006901195


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/04", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Earth Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0406", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Physical Geography and Environmental Geoscience", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, 10964, Palisades, NY, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.473157.3", 
          "name": [
            "Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, 10964, Palisades, NY, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Cook", 
        "givenName": "Edward R.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01104173064.88", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01104173064.88"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10548.38", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Krusic", 
        "givenName": "Paul J.", 
        "id": "sg:person.013273501662.59", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013273501662.59"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Geology and Geophysics, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 02543, Woods Hole, MA, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.56466.37", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Geology and Geophysics, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 02543, Woods Hole, MA, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Anchukaitis", 
        "givenName": "Kevin J.", 
        "id": "sg:person.013204527225.25", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013204527225.25"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, 10964, Palisades, NY, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.473157.3", 
          "name": [
            "Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, 10964, Palisades, NY, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Buckley", 
        "givenName": "Brendan M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01360445530.45", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01360445530.45"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, 464-8601, Nagoya, Japan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.27476.30", 
          "name": [
            "Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, 464-8601, Nagoya, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Nakatsuka", 
        "givenName": "Takeshi", 
        "id": "sg:person.015727476305.31", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015727476305.31"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, 464-8601, Nagoya, Japan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.27476.30", 
          "name": [
            "Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, 464-8601, Nagoya, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Sano", 
        "givenName": "Masaki", 
        "id": "sg:person.011327444447.19", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011327444447.19"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "PAGES Asia2k Members", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00704-012-0670-6", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004599586", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00704-012-0670-6"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ngeo1645", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022776729", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo1645"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature02101", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008140441", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature02101"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/30943", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037760094", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/30943"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-010-0804-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017452230", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-010-0804-4"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2012-12-05", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2012-12-05", 
    "description": "We develop a summer temperature reconstruction for temperate East Asia based on a network of annual tree-ring chronologies covering the period 800\u20131989 C.E. The East Asia reconstruction is the regional average of 585 individual grid point summer temperature reconstructions produced using an ensemble version of point-by-point regression. Statistical calibration and validation tests indicate that the regional average possesses sufficient overall skill to allow it to be used to study the causes of temperature variability and change over the region. The reconstruction suggests a moderately warm early medieval epoch (ca. 850\u20131050 C.E.), followed by generally cooler \u2018Little Ice Age\u2019 conditions (ca. 1350\u20131880 C.E.) and 20th century warming up to the present time. Since 1990, average temperature has exceeded past warm epochs of comparable duration, but it is not statistically unprecedented. Superposed epoch analysis reveals a volcanic forcing signal in the East Asia summer temperature reconstruction, resulting in pulses of cooler summer conditions that may persist for several years. Substantial uncertainties remain, however, particularly at lower frequencies, thus requiring caution and scientific prudence in the interpretation of this record.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-012-1611-x", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isFundedItemOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.3046672", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.2997770", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.3116634", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.6069267", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.5990580", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.5767138", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }
    ], 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1049631", 
        "issn": [
          "0930-7575", 
          "1432-0894"
        ], 
        "name": "Climate Dynamics", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "11-12", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "41"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "summer temperature reconstruction", 
      "temperature reconstructions", 
      "annual tree-ring chronologies", 
      "East Asia", 
      "temperate East Asia", 
      "Little Ice Age", 
      "cooler summer conditions", 
      "tree-ring chronologies", 
      "medieval epoch", 
      "Warm Epoch", 
      "Ice Age", 
      "scientific prudence", 
      "C.E.", 
      "summer temperature anomalies", 
      "Asia", 
      "present time", 
      "epoch", 
      "point regression", 
      "century", 
      "chronology", 
      "reconstruction", 
      "temperature variability", 
      "prudence", 
      "records", 
      "epoch analysis", 
      "interpretation", 
      "comparable duration", 
      "ensemble version", 
      "regional average", 
      "forcing signal", 
      "years", 
      "temperature anomalies", 
      "overall skill", 
      "region", 
      "version", 
      "summer conditions", 
      "point", 
      "time", 
      "substantial uncertainty", 
      "age", 
      "average temperature", 
      "statistical calibration", 
      "anomalies", 
      "cause", 
      "variability", 
      "caution", 
      "skills", 
      "average", 
      "analysis", 
      "calibration", 
      "uncertainty", 
      "validation tests", 
      "conditions", 
      "low frequency", 
      "network", 
      "temperature", 
      "pulses", 
      "signals", 
      "duration", 
      "frequency", 
      "regression", 
      "test"
    ], 
    "name": "Tree-ring reconstructed summer temperature anomalies for temperate East Asia since 800 C.E.", 
    "pagination": "2957-2972", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1006901195"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s00382-012-1611-x"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-012-1611-x", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006901195"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-08-04T16:59", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220804/entities/gbq_results/article/article_561.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-012-1611-x"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00382-012-1611-x'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00382-012-1611-x'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00382-012-1611-x'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00382-012-1611-x'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

199 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      91 URIs      78 LITERALS      6 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-012-1611-x schema:about anzsrc-for:04
2 anzsrc-for:0406
3 schema:author N27304e18152649f1b89d572ffe751177
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-010-0804-4
5 sg:pub.10.1007/s00704-012-0670-6
6 sg:pub.10.1038/30943
7 sg:pub.10.1038/nature02101
8 sg:pub.10.1038/ngeo1645
9 schema:datePublished 2012-12-05
10 schema:datePublishedReg 2012-12-05
11 schema:description We develop a summer temperature reconstruction for temperate East Asia based on a network of annual tree-ring chronologies covering the period 800–1989 C.E. The East Asia reconstruction is the regional average of 585 individual grid point summer temperature reconstructions produced using an ensemble version of point-by-point regression. Statistical calibration and validation tests indicate that the regional average possesses sufficient overall skill to allow it to be used to study the causes of temperature variability and change over the region. The reconstruction suggests a moderately warm early medieval epoch (ca. 850–1050 C.E.), followed by generally cooler ‘Little Ice Age’ conditions (ca. 1350–1880 C.E.) and 20th century warming up to the present time. Since 1990, average temperature has exceeded past warm epochs of comparable duration, but it is not statistically unprecedented. Superposed epoch analysis reveals a volcanic forcing signal in the East Asia summer temperature reconstruction, resulting in pulses of cooler summer conditions that may persist for several years. Substantial uncertainties remain, however, particularly at lower frequencies, thus requiring caution and scientific prudence in the interpretation of this record.
12 schema:genre article
13 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
14 schema:isPartOf N9bf2999410874214a9928bb277196b88
15 Nb43c26491b8c4276b94a6351a847089f
16 sg:journal.1049631
17 schema:keywords Asia
18 C.E.
19 East Asia
20 Ice Age
21 Little Ice Age
22 Warm Epoch
23 age
24 analysis
25 annual tree-ring chronologies
26 anomalies
27 average
28 average temperature
29 calibration
30 cause
31 caution
32 century
33 chronology
34 comparable duration
35 conditions
36 cooler summer conditions
37 duration
38 ensemble version
39 epoch
40 epoch analysis
41 forcing signal
42 frequency
43 interpretation
44 low frequency
45 medieval epoch
46 network
47 overall skill
48 point
49 point regression
50 present time
51 prudence
52 pulses
53 reconstruction
54 records
55 region
56 regional average
57 regression
58 scientific prudence
59 signals
60 skills
61 statistical calibration
62 substantial uncertainty
63 summer conditions
64 summer temperature anomalies
65 summer temperature reconstruction
66 temperate East Asia
67 temperature
68 temperature anomalies
69 temperature reconstructions
70 temperature variability
71 test
72 time
73 tree-ring chronologies
74 uncertainty
75 validation tests
76 variability
77 version
78 years
79 schema:name Tree-ring reconstructed summer temperature anomalies for temperate East Asia since 800 C.E.
80 schema:pagination 2957-2972
81 schema:productId N9473ef08c22b4de39c389f4d3cf5fa6c
82 Nba3a52ac560a464aa6f221db08dbf97d
83 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006901195
84 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-012-1611-x
85 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-08-04T16:59
86 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
87 schema:sdPublisher Nda9ffde7094d48d0bece6736ade0e6bb
88 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-012-1611-x
89 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
90 sgo:sdDataset articles
91 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
92 N0ec86d0fb92840b2b9aeb2b87eea758d rdf:first sg:person.015727476305.31
93 rdf:rest N9dcbbfed4fa94da594512eb23b0511e5
94 N27304e18152649f1b89d572ffe751177 rdf:first sg:person.01104173064.88
95 rdf:rest N41f7c54815dc4c08bdd93a65eee669fc
96 N41f7c54815dc4c08bdd93a65eee669fc rdf:first sg:person.013273501662.59
97 rdf:rest N56ded0ec8e854f1f8228d9b6f22554d5
98 N56ded0ec8e854f1f8228d9b6f22554d5 rdf:first sg:person.013204527225.25
99 rdf:rest N7ff03efdd38e42be844a45922d4a1455
100 N6a756f8e7d874612a86b78e8869cf70a schema:familyName PAGES Asia2k Members
101 rdf:type schema:Person
102 N7679ba4bfa204b298317cb10552c4d00 rdf:first N6a756f8e7d874612a86b78e8869cf70a
103 rdf:rest rdf:nil
104 N7ff03efdd38e42be844a45922d4a1455 rdf:first sg:person.01360445530.45
105 rdf:rest N0ec86d0fb92840b2b9aeb2b87eea758d
106 N9473ef08c22b4de39c389f4d3cf5fa6c schema:name doi
107 schema:value 10.1007/s00382-012-1611-x
108 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
109 N9bf2999410874214a9928bb277196b88 schema:issueNumber 11-12
110 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
111 N9dcbbfed4fa94da594512eb23b0511e5 rdf:first sg:person.011327444447.19
112 rdf:rest N7679ba4bfa204b298317cb10552c4d00
113 Nb43c26491b8c4276b94a6351a847089f schema:volumeNumber 41
114 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
115 Nba3a52ac560a464aa6f221db08dbf97d schema:name dimensions_id
116 schema:value pub.1006901195
117 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
118 Nda9ffde7094d48d0bece6736ade0e6bb schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
119 rdf:type schema:Organization
120 anzsrc-for:04 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
121 schema:name Earth Sciences
122 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
123 anzsrc-for:0406 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
124 schema:name Physical Geography and Environmental Geoscience
125 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
126 sg:grant.2997770 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-012-1611-x
127 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
128 sg:grant.3046672 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-012-1611-x
129 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
130 sg:grant.3116634 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-012-1611-x
131 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
132 sg:grant.5767138 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-012-1611-x
133 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
134 sg:grant.5990580 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-012-1611-x
135 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
136 sg:grant.6069267 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-012-1611-x
137 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
138 sg:journal.1049631 schema:issn 0930-7575
139 1432-0894
140 schema:name Climate Dynamics
141 schema:publisher Springer Nature
142 rdf:type schema:Periodical
143 sg:person.01104173064.88 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.473157.3
144 schema:familyName Cook
145 schema:givenName Edward R.
146 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01104173064.88
147 rdf:type schema:Person
148 sg:person.011327444447.19 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.27476.30
149 schema:familyName Sano
150 schema:givenName Masaki
151 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011327444447.19
152 rdf:type schema:Person
153 sg:person.013204527225.25 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.56466.37
154 schema:familyName Anchukaitis
155 schema:givenName Kevin J.
156 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013204527225.25
157 rdf:type schema:Person
158 sg:person.013273501662.59 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.10548.38
159 schema:familyName Krusic
160 schema:givenName Paul J.
161 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013273501662.59
162 rdf:type schema:Person
163 sg:person.01360445530.45 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.473157.3
164 schema:familyName Buckley
165 schema:givenName Brendan M.
166 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01360445530.45
167 rdf:type schema:Person
168 sg:person.015727476305.31 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.27476.30
169 schema:familyName Nakatsuka
170 schema:givenName Takeshi
171 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015727476305.31
172 rdf:type schema:Person
173 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-010-0804-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017452230
174 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-010-0804-4
175 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
176 sg:pub.10.1007/s00704-012-0670-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004599586
177 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00704-012-0670-6
178 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
179 sg:pub.10.1038/30943 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037760094
180 https://doi.org/10.1038/30943
181 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
182 sg:pub.10.1038/nature02101 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008140441
183 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature02101
184 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
185 sg:pub.10.1038/ngeo1645 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022776729
186 https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo1645
187 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
188 grid-institutes:grid.10548.38 schema:alternateName Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
189 schema:name Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
190 rdf:type schema:Organization
191 grid-institutes:grid.27476.30 schema:alternateName Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, 464-8601, Nagoya, Japan
192 schema:name Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, 464-8601, Nagoya, Japan
193 rdf:type schema:Organization
194 grid-institutes:grid.473157.3 schema:alternateName Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, 10964, Palisades, NY, USA
195 schema:name Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, 10964, Palisades, NY, USA
196 rdf:type schema:Organization
197 grid-institutes:grid.56466.37 schema:alternateName Department of Geology and Geophysics, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 02543, Woods Hole, MA, USA
198 schema:name Department of Geology and Geophysics, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 02543, Woods Hole, MA, USA
199 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...