Impact of climate warming on upper layer of the Bering Sea View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2013-01

AUTHORS

Hyun-Chul Lee, Thomas L. Delworth, Anthony Rosati, Rong Zhang, Whit G. Anderson, Fanrong Zeng, Charles A. Stock, Anand Gnanadesikan, Keith W. Dixon, Stephen M. Griffies

ABSTRACT

The impact of climate warming on the upper layer of the Bering Sea is investigated by using a high-resolution coupled global climate model. The model is forced by increasing atmospheric CO2 at a rate of 1% per year until CO2 reaches double its initial value (after 70 years), after which it is held constant. In response to this forcing, the upper layer of the Bering Sea warms by about 2°C in the southeastern shelf and by a little more than 1°C in the western basin. The wintertime ventilation to the permanent thermocline weakens in the western Bering Sea. After CO2 doubling, the southeastern shelf of the Bering Sea becomes almost ice-free in March, and the stratification of the upper layer strengthens in May and June. Changes of physical condition due to the climate warming would impact the pre-condition of spring bio-productivity in the southeastern shelf. More... »

PAGES

327-340

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00382-012-1301-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-012-1301-8

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021690997


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45 schema:description The impact of climate warming on the upper layer of the Bering Sea is investigated by using a high-resolution coupled global climate model. The model is forced by increasing atmospheric CO2 at a rate of 1% per year until CO2 reaches double its initial value (after 70 years), after which it is held constant. In response to this forcing, the upper layer of the Bering Sea warms by about 2°C in the southeastern shelf and by a little more than 1°C in the western basin. The wintertime ventilation to the permanent thermocline weakens in the western Bering Sea. After CO2 doubling, the southeastern shelf of the Bering Sea becomes almost ice-free in March, and the stratification of the upper layer strengthens in May and June. Changes of physical condition due to the climate warming would impact the pre-condition of spring bio-productivity in the southeastern shelf.
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