Tree ring inferred summer temperature variations over the last millennium in western Himalaya, India View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2009-12-11

AUTHORS

Ram Ratan Yadav, Achim Braeuning, Jayendra Singh

ABSTRACT

We report the first millennium-long reconstruction of mean summer (May–June–July–August) temperature extending back to AD 940 derived from tree-ring width data of Himalayan pencil juniper (Juniperus polycarpos C. Koch) from the monsoon-shadow zone in the western Himalaya, India. Centennial-scale variations in the reconstruction reveal periods of protracted warmth encompassing the 11–15th centuries. A decreasing trend in mean summer temperature occurred since the 15th century with the 18–19th centuries being the coldest interval of the last millennium, coinciding with the expansion of glaciers in the western Himalaya. Since the late 19th century summer temperatures increased again. However, current warming may be underestimated due to a weakening in tree growth-temperature relationship noticeable in the latter part of the 20th century. Mean summer temperature over the western Himalaya shows a positive correlation with summer monsoon intensity over north central India. Low-frequency variations in mean summer temperature anomalies over northwestern India are consistent with tree-ring inferred aridity in western North America. These far-distance linkages reported here for the first time underscore the utility of long-term temperature records from the western Himalayan region in understanding global-scale climatic patterns. More... »

PAGES

1545-1554

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00382-009-0719-0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-009-0719-0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037710241


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