Influence of modern land cover on the climate of the United States View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2009-04-10

AUTHORS

Noah S. Diffenbaugh

ABSTRACT

I have used a high-resolution nested climate modeling system to test the sensitivity of regional and local climate to the modern non-urban land cover distribution of the continental United States. The dominant climate response is cooling of surface air temperatures, particularly during the warm-season. Areas of statistically significant cooling include areas of the Great Plains where crop/mixed farming has replaced short grass, areas of the Midwest and southern Texas where crop/mixed farming has replaced interrupted forest, and areas of the western United States containing irrigated crops. This statistically significant warm-season cooling is driven by changes in both surface moisture balance and surface albedo, with changes in surface moisture balance dominating in the Great Plains and western United States, changes in surface albedo dominating in the Midwest, and both effects contributing to warm-season cooling over southern Texas. The simulated changes in surface moisture and energy fluxes also influence the warm-season atmospheric dynamics, creating greater moisture availability in the lower atmosphere and enhanced uplift aloft, consistent with the enhanced warm-season precipitation seen in the simulation with modern land cover. The local and regional climate response is of a similar magnitude to that projected for future greenhouse gas concentrations, suggesting that the climatic effects of land cover change should be carefully considered when crafting policies for regulating land use and for managing anthropogenic forcing of the climate system. More... »

PAGES

945

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2001-03. The impact of land cover change on the atmospheric circulation in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2004-05-19. Effects of land use change on North American climate: impact of surface datasets and model biogeophysics in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2001-09. Influence of vegetation changes during the Last Glacial Maximum using the BMRC atmospheric general circulation model in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2001-07. Changes in Near-Surface Temperature and Sea Level for the Post-SRES CO2-Stabilization Scenarios in INTEGRATED ASSESSMENT
  • 2005-08-11. A comparison of a GCM response to historical anthropogenic land cover change and model sensitivity to uncertainty in present-day land cover representations in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 1997-11. Effects of Land Use on the Climate of the United States in CLIMATIC CHANGE
  • 2002-01. Effects of Land Cover Conversion on Surface Climate in CLIMATIC CHANGE
  • 2000-11. Offset of the potential carbon sink from boreal forestation by decreases in surface albedo in NATURE
  • 2005-01-18. Atmosphere-land cover feedbacks alter the response of surface temperature to CO2 forcing in the western United States in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2000-02. Simulated impacts of historical land cover changes on global climate in northern winter in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2001-04. Assessment of Historical Thunderstorm Data for Urban Effects: The Chicago Case in CLIMATIC CHANGE
  • 2003-05. Impact of urbanization and land-use change on climate in NATURE
  • 1994-09. Feedbacks between climate and boreal forests during the Holocene epoch in NATURE
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00382-009-0566-z

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-009-0566-z

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032933099


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