Land surface coupling in regional climate simulations of the West African monsoon View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2009-03-10

AUTHORS

Allison L. Steiner, Jeremy S. Pal, Sara A. Rauscher, Jason L. Bell, Noah S. Diffenbaugh, Aaron Boone, Lisa C. Sloan, Filippo Giorgi

ABSTRACT

Coupling of the Community Land Model (CLM3) to the ICTP Regional Climate Model (RegCM3) substantially improves the simulation of mean climate over West Africa relative to an older version of RegCM3 coupled to the Biosphere Atmosphere Transfer Scheme (BATS). Two 10-year simulations (1992–2001) show that the seasonal timing and magnitude of mean monsoon precipitation more closely match observations when the new land surface scheme is implemented. Specifically, RegCM3–CLM3 improves the timing of the monsoon advance and retreat across the Guinean Coast, and reduces a positive precipitation bias in the Sahel and Northern Africa. As a result, simulated temperatures are higher, thereby reducing the negative temperature bias found in the Guinean Coast and Sahel in RegCM3–BATS. In the RegCM3–BATS simulation, warmer temperatures in northern latitudes and wetter soils near the coast create excessively strong temperature and moist static energy gradients, which shifts the African Easterly Jet further north than observed. In the RegCM3–CLM3 simulation, the migration and position of the African Easterly Jet more closely match reanalysis winds. This improvement is triggered by drier soil conditions in the RegCM3–CLM3 simulation and an increase in evapotranspiration per unit precipitation. These results indicate that atmosphere–land surface coupling has the ability to impact regional-scale circulation and precipitation in regions exhibiting strong hydroclimatic gradients. More... »

PAGES

869-892

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2001-12. Summer Sahel-ENSO teleconnection and decadal time scale SST variations in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 1996-01-31. Comparative influence of land and sea surfaces on the Sahelian drought: a numerical study in ANNALES GEOPHYSICAE
  • 2007-10-12. Simulation of West African monsoon using RegCM3 Part II: impacts of deforestation and desertification in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED CLIMATOLOGY
  • 2006-05-26. Introduction to the TAC special issue: The RegCNET network in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED CLIMATOLOGY
  • 2006-07-05. Simulation of West African monsoon using the RegCM3. Part I: Model validation and interannual variability in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED CLIMATOLOGY
  • 2007-01-10. African monsoon teleconnections with tropical SSTs: validation and evolution in a set of IPCC4 simulations in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2006-07-25. Fluctuations in annual cycles and inter-seasonal memory in West Africa: rainfall, soil moisture and heat fluxes in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED CLIMATOLOGY
  • 2005-05-20. The coupling of the Common Land Model (CLM0) to a regional climate model (RegCM) in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED CLIMATOLOGY
  • 2004-07-31. Seasonality and time scales in the relationship between global SST and African rainfall in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2006-12-20. Soil moisture memory and West African monsoon predictability: artefact or reality? in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2006-01-10. On the northward shift of the West African monsoon in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2004-01-28. Precipitation sensitivity to regional SST in a regional climate simulation during the West African monsoon for two dry years in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
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    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00382-009-0543-6

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-009-0543-6

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007145877


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