A 694-year tree-ring based rainfall reconstruction from Himachal Pradesh, India View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2009-02-05

AUTHORS

Jayendra Singh, Ram R. Yadav, Martin Wilmking

ABSTRACT

We developed ring-width chronologies of Cedrus deodara [(Roxb.) G. Don] and Pinus gerardiana (Wall. Ex. Lamb) from a homogeneous moisture stressed area in Kinnaur, Himachal Pradesh. Running correlation using a 50-year window with overlap of 25 years showed strong correlations between these species chronologies during the entire common period (ad 1310–2005). Response function analysis indicated that except for January–February, precipitation has a direct relationship with growth of these species. We therefore combined both the species chronologies to develop a statistically calibrated reconstruction of March–July precipitation that spans from ad 1310–2004, and explains 46% of the variance contained in the instrumental data from the calibration period 1951–1994. In the past 694 years of the reconstruction, the wettest period was in the twentieth century (1963–1992) and the driest in the eighteenth century (1773–1802). The relationships observed between reconstructed precipitation and Indian summer monsoon on interdecadal scale, SOI, PDO and NAO indicate the potential utility of such long-term reconstructions in understanding the large-scale climate variability. Multi-taper method (MTM) spectral analysis indicated significant (p < 0.05) spectral peaks at 2–4, 6, 8, 10, 30, 33, 37 and 40–42 years in the reconstructed precipitation data. More... »

PAGES

1149

References to SciGraph publications

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URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00382-009-0528-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-009-0528-5

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029505769


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