Observed freshening and warming of the western Pacific Warm Pool View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2009-09

AUTHORS

Sophie Cravatte, Thierry Delcroix, Dongxiao Zhang, Michael McPhaden, Julie Leloup

ABSTRACT

Trends in observed sea surface salinity (SSS) and temperature are analyzed for the tropical Pacific during 1955–2003. Since 1955, the western Pacific Warm Pool has significantly warmed and freshened, whereas SSS has been increasing in the western Coral Sea and part of the subtropical ocean. Waters warmer than 28.5°C warmed on average by 0.29°C, and freshened by 0.34 pss per 50 years. Our study also indicates a significant horizontal extension of the warm and fresh surface waters, an expansion of the warm waters volume, and a notable eastward extension of the SSS fronts located on the equator and under the South Pacific Convergence Zone. Mixed layer depth changes examined along 137°E and 165°E are complex, but suggest an increase in the equatorial barrier layer thickness. Our study also reveals consistency between observed SSS trends and a mean hydrological cycle increase inferred from Clausius–Clapeyron scaling, as predicted under global warming scenarios. Possible implications of these changes for ocean–atmosphere interactions and El Niño events are discussed. More... »

PAGES

565-589

Journal

TITLE

Climate Dynamics

ISSUE

4

VOLUME

33

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00382-009-0526-7

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-009-0526-7

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021169027


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