Regional climate model simulations of daily maximum and minimum near-surface temperatures across Europe compared with observed station data 1961–1990 View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2004-08-04

AUTHORS

Anders Moberg, Philip D. Jones

ABSTRACT

Simulations of the present-day temperature climate in Europe obtained with the dynamic regional climate model HadRM3P from the Hadley Centre are evaluated. Observed daily temperature maxima (T x) and minima (Tn) for the 1961–1990 period at 185 stations are compared with their nearest corresponding HadRM3P grid-box data. The model generally performs well over the UK and elsewhere between latitudes 50 and 55°N, with biases mostly within ±0.5 K. In other areas coherent regions with seasonal biases up to more than ±5 K exist. In some areas, biases in climatological averages are associated with even larger errors (up to more than ±15 K) in the upper/lower extreme temperature range. Both areas with systematically overestimated and underestimated intra-seasonal daily temperature variances exist, but overestimation dominates. Too hot summer T x south of about 45°N are associated with drying soils in the model. This problem may occur further north in “future” integrations with a greenhouse-gas induced warming. Given the existence of errors in the simulations of the present-day climate, we recommend that results from future scenario integrations are treated with care. More... »

PAGES

695-715

References to SciGraph publications

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00382-004-0464-3

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-004-0464-3

    DIMENSIONS

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