Decompressive craniectomy in paediatric traumatic brain injury: a systematic review of current evidence View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-02

AUTHORS

Maddalena Ardissino, Alice Tang, Elisabetta Muttoni, Kevin Tsang

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Paediatric traumatic brain injury (pTBI) is one of the most frequent neurological presentations encountered in emergency departments worldwide. Every year, more than 200,000 American children suffer pTBIs, many of which lead to long-term damage. OBJECTIVES: We aim to review the existing evidence on the efficacy of the decompressive craniectomy (DC) in controlling intracranial pressure (ICP) and improving long-term outcomes in children with pTBI. METHODS: A comprehensive search of the MEDLINE and EMBASE databases led to the screening of 212 studies, 12 of which satisfied inclusion criteria. Data extracted included the number and ages of patients, Glasgow Coma Scale scores at presentation, treatment protocols and short- and long-term outcomes. RESULTS: Each of the nine studies including ICP as an outcome reported that it was successfully controlled by DC. The 6-12 month outcome scores of patients undergoing DC were positive, or superior to those of medically treated groups in nine of 11 studies. Mortality was compared in only two studies, and was lower in the DC group in both.Very few studies are currently available investigating short- and long-term outcomes in children with TBI undergoing DC. CONCLUSION: The currently available evidence may support a beneficial role of DC in controlling ICP and improving long-term outcomes. More... »

PAGES

209-216

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00381-018-3977-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00381-018-3977-5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1106945852

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30215120


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