Diffuse and focal brain stem tumors in childhood: prognostic factors and surgical outcome View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2006-09

AUTHORS

A. Sandri, N. Sardi, L. Genitori, F. Giordano, P. Peretta, M. E. Basso, D. Bertin, L. Mastrodicasa, L. Todisco, F. Mussa, M. Forni, U. Ricardi, L. Cordero di Montezemolo, E. Madon

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Brainstem tumors (BSTs) are usually gliomas and are divided into diffuse BSTs (DBSTs) and focal BSTs (FBSTs). The aim of this study is to investigate the different outcomes of these two entities. METHODS: Thirty-one patients with BSTs were admitted to our institution from 1995 to 2003. Patients with DBSTs were treated with locoregional radiotherapy (1.8 Gy/day for 54 Gy) and weekly vincristine for radiosensitization (1.5 mg/sm for six total doses). Patients with FBSTs underwent surgical resection. Chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy were considered in progression. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Fourteen patients were diagnosed as having DBSTs. The responses to treatment were ten cases of partial response, three of stable disease, and one of progressive disease. General and/or neurological symptoms improved in more than 80% of patients. The median time from diagnosis to progression and to death were, nonetheless, 8 (range of 3-13) and 13 (range of 4-25) months, respectively, with a 2-year overall survival rate of 12.3% [standard error (SE) 11.2]. Seventeen patients were diagnosed as having FBSTs. Gross total removal was achieved in 4/17 cases, subtotal removal in 7/17, and partial removal in 6/17. There was one surgery-related death. Eight out of 17 patients had adjuvant chemo- and/or radiotherapy after progression: 6/8 are without neurological symptoms and 2/8 have died due to tumor progression. The 4-year overall and disease-free survival rates are 87.4 (SE 8.4) and 58.8% (SE 11.9), respectively, the extent of resection being the most important prognostic factor (p=0.012). DBSTs continue to carry a dismal prognosis, thus demanding new treatment modalities; FBSTs can be treated surgically and patients benefit from a better prognosis. More... »

PAGES

1127-1135

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00381-006-0083-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00381-006-0083-x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013481279

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16568342


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