Prognostic implications of chronic kidney disease and anemia after percutaneous coronary intervention in acute myocardial infarction patients View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2011-12-10

AUTHORS

Yuya Matsue, Akihiko Matsumura, Masami Abe, Maki Ono, Mie Seya, Tomofumi Nakamura, Ryota Iwatsuka, Akira Mizukami, Masahiko Setoguchi, Wataru Nagahori, Masakazu Ohno, Makoto Suzuki, Yuji Hashimoto

ABSTRACT

Anemia is a common complication of chronic kidney disease (CKD), and a few studies suggest that both CKD and anemia have a marked impact on the prognosis of patients with cardiovascular disease. We retrospectively analyzed the prevalence of CKD and anemia in 312 patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The patients were divided into four groups according to the presence of CKD and anemia. Chronic kidney disease was defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 ml/min/1.73 m2, and anemia was defined according to the World Health Organization definition. Of 312 AMI patients, 166 (53.2%) had CKD and 87 (27.8%) had anemia. A powerful relationship was observed between both CKD and anemia and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) or death by any cause. After adjustment for comorbidities, the hazard ratio (HR) for MACCE was significantly higher in the anemia-only group (HR 5.42, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.38–21.27, P = 0.015), the CKD-only group (HR 6.4, 95% CI 2.09–19.58, P = 0.001), and the CKD and anemia group (HR 11.61, 95% CI 3.65–36.89, P < 0.001). With respect to death by any cause, the HR was significantly higher in the CKD-only group (HR 2.68, 95% CI 1.02–7.02, P = 0.045) and the CKD and anemia group (HR 4.40, 95% CI 1.56–12.43, P = 0.005). One-half of the patients with AMI had CKD as well. Furthermore, when anemia coexisted with CKD, these conditions had a multiplicative amplification effect on the risk of MACCE and death by any cause in patients with AMI. More... »

PAGES

19-26

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00380-011-0209-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00380-011-0209-2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031395113

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22160439


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30 schema:description Anemia is a common complication of chronic kidney disease (CKD), and a few studies suggest that both CKD and anemia have a marked impact on the prognosis of patients with cardiovascular disease. We retrospectively analyzed the prevalence of CKD and anemia in 312 patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The patients were divided into four groups according to the presence of CKD and anemia. Chronic kidney disease was defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 ml/min/1.73 m2, and anemia was defined according to the World Health Organization definition. Of 312 AMI patients, 166 (53.2%) had CKD and 87 (27.8%) had anemia. A powerful relationship was observed between both CKD and anemia and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) or death by any cause. After adjustment for comorbidities, the hazard ratio (HR) for MACCE was significantly higher in the anemia-only group (HR 5.42, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.38–21.27, P = 0.015), the CKD-only group (HR 6.4, 95% CI 2.09–19.58, P = 0.001), and the CKD and anemia group (HR 11.61, 95% CI 3.65–36.89, P < 0.001). With respect to death by any cause, the HR was significantly higher in the CKD-only group (HR 2.68, 95% CI 1.02–7.02, P = 0.045) and the CKD and anemia group (HR 4.40, 95% CI 1.56–12.43, P = 0.005). One-half of the patients with AMI had CKD as well. Furthermore, when anemia coexisted with CKD, these conditions had a multiplicative amplification effect on the risk of MACCE and death by any cause in patients with AMI.
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37 MACCE
38 Organization definition
39 World Health Organization definition
40 acute myocardial infarction
41 acute myocardial infarction patients
42 adjustment
43 amplification effect
44 anemia
45 anemia group
46 cardiovascular disease
47 cause
48 cerebrovascular events
49 chronic kidney disease
50 common complication
51 comorbidities
52 complications
53 conditions
54 coronary intervention
55 death
56 definition
57 disease
58 effect
59 events
60 filtration rate
61 glomerular filtration rate
62 group
63 hazard ratio
64 impact
65 implications
66 infarction
67 infarction patients
68 intervention
69 kidney disease
70 m2
71 marked impact
72 myocardial infarction
73 myocardial infarction patients
74 one-half
75 patients
76 percutaneous coronary intervention
77 powerful relationship
78 presence
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80 prevalence
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82 prognosis
83 prognosis of patients
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85 rate
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