Soil characteristics, belowground diversity and rates of simazine mineralisation of a New Zealand Gley Soil in a chronosequence under horticultural ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2008-03

AUTHORS

G. Sparling, L. A. Schipper, G. W. Yeates, J. Aislabie, M. Vojvodic-Vukovic, J. Ryburn, H. J. Di, A. E. Hewitt

ABSTRACT

The chemical, physical and biological conditions of a New Zealand Gley Soil was examined on matched sites under long-term permanent pasture or used to grow blackcurrants (Ribes nigrum) for 2, 8, 10 or 20 years. The chemical and physical conditions of topsoils (0–10 cm) were assessed by soil pH, Olsen P, total C, total N, mineralisable N, cation exchange, bulk density, porosity and moisture release characteristics. The biological conditions were assessed from the microbial biomass, soil respiration, catabolic evenness and numbers and diversity of the soil nematode populations. The ability of the soil populations to degrade the triazine herbicide simazine was tested. The particle size distribution confirmed all the sites were very well matched, within 2%, in terms of percentage clay, silt and sand contents, which were 36.5–40.5% clay and 59.5–62.5% silt. Compared with the soil under pasture, that under horticultural use for 2, 8, 10 and 20 years had lower total C and N, lower mineralisable N, lower cation exchange and lower porosity but higher bulk density and particle density. The differences were greater the longer the plots had been under blackcurrant production. Olsen P content was greatest (58 μg P cm−3) under the 20-year blackcurrant plots. Changes in biological characteristics were greater than in physical or chemical characteristics. Microbial biomass was 1.73 mg C cm−3 under pasture and decreased to 0.87 mg C cm−3 after 20 years of blackcurrants. Total nematode populations deceased from 3.89 million m−2 under pasture to 0.36 million m−2 after 2 years of blackcurrant production and to 108 000 m−2 after 20 years. There were similar proportional decreases in bacterial-feeding, fungal-feeding, plant-feeding and omnivore nematodes; however, there was comparatively little change in nematode diversity (Shannon–Weiner) or in microbial catabolic diversity or soil respiration. Despite the decreased microbial biomass, the microbial community under blackcurrant production had enhanced capacity to degrade simazine, as compared with the pasture soil. That capacity to degrade simazine was similar in soils that had grown blackcurrants for 2, 8, 10 or 20 years. Yield of blackcurrants had been maintained in the longer-term sites, despite the marked changes in soil chemical, physical and biological conditions. More... »

PAGES

633-640

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00374-007-0247-1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00374-007-0247-1

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036820914


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