Three hybrid intelligent models in estimating flyrock distance resulting from blasting View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-03-03

AUTHORS

Mohammadreza Koopialipoor, Ali Fallah, Danial Jahed Armaghani, Aydin Azizi, Edy Tonnizam Mohamad

ABSTRACT

Flyrock is an adverse effect produced by blasting in open-pit mines and tunnelling projects. So, it seems that the precise estimation of flyrock is essential in minimizing environmental effects induced by blasting. In this study, an attempt has been made to evaluate/predict flyrock induced by blasting through applying three hybrid intelligent systems, namely imperialist competitive algorithm (ICA)–artificial neural network (ANN), genetic algorithm (GA)–ANN and particle swarm optimization (PSO)–ANN. In fact, ICA, PSO and GA were used to adjust weights and biases of ANN model. To achieve the aim of this study, a database composed of 262 datasets with six model inputs including burden to spacing ratio, blast-hole diameter, powder factor, stemming length, the maximum charge per delay, and blast-hole depth and one output (flyrock distance) was established. Several parametric investigations were conducted to determine the most effective factors of GA, ICA and PSO algorithms. Then, at the end of modelling process of each hybrid model, eight models were constructed and their results were checked considering two performance indices, i.e., root mean square error (RMSE) and coefficient of determination (R2). The obtained results showed that although all predictive models are able to approximate flyrock, PSO–ANN predictive model can perform better compared to others. Based on R2, values of (0.943, 0.958 and 0.930) and (0.958, 0.959 and 0.932) were found for training and testing of ICA–ANN, PSO–ANN and GA–ANN predictive models, respectively. In addition, RMSE values of (0.052, 0.045 and 0.057) and (0.045, 0.044 and 0.058) were achieved for training and testing of ICA–ANN, PSO–ANN and GA–ANN predictive models, respectively. These results show higher efficiency of the PSO–ANN model in predicting flyrock distance resulting from blasting. Moreover, sensitivity analysis shows that hole diameter is more effective than others. More... »

PAGES

243-256

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2017-10-13. Development of novel methods to predict the strength properties of thermally treated sandstone using statistical and soft-computing approach in NEURAL COMPUTING AND APPLICATIONS
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  • 2010-08-11. Prediction of flyrock and backbreak in open pit blasting operation: a neuro-genetic approach in ARABIAN JOURNAL OF GEOSCIENCES
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  • 2015-06-18. A combination of the ICA-ANN model to predict air-overpressure resulting from blasting in ENGINEERING WITH COMPUTERS
  • 2015-03-20. Evaluation and prediction of flyrock resulting from blasting operations using empirical and computational methods in ENGINEERING WITH COMPUTERS
  • 2015-05-20. Application of fuzzy inference system for prediction of rock fragmentation induced by blasting in ARABIAN JOURNAL OF GEOSCIENCES
  • 2011-05-26. Evaluation of flyrock phenomenon due to blasting operation by support vector machine in NEURAL COMPUTING AND APPLICATIONS
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    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00366-018-0596-4

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    36 schema:description Flyrock is an adverse effect produced by blasting in open-pit mines and tunnelling projects. So, it seems that the precise estimation of flyrock is essential in minimizing environmental effects induced by blasting. In this study, an attempt has been made to evaluate/predict flyrock induced by blasting through applying three hybrid intelligent systems, namely imperialist competitive algorithm (ICA)–artificial neural network (ANN), genetic algorithm (GA)–ANN and particle swarm optimization (PSO)–ANN. In fact, ICA, PSO and GA were used to adjust weights and biases of ANN model. To achieve the aim of this study, a database composed of 262 datasets with six model inputs including burden to spacing ratio, blast-hole diameter, powder factor, stemming length, the maximum charge per delay, and blast-hole depth and one output (flyrock distance) was established. Several parametric investigations were conducted to determine the most effective factors of GA, ICA and PSO algorithms. Then, at the end of modelling process of each hybrid model, eight models were constructed and their results were checked considering two performance indices, i.e., root mean square error (RMSE) and coefficient of determination (R2). The obtained results showed that although all predictive models are able to approximate flyrock, PSO–ANN predictive model can perform better compared to others. Based on R2, values of (0.943, 0.958 and 0.930) and (0.958, 0.959 and 0.932) were found for training and testing of ICA–ANN, PSO–ANN and GA–ANN predictive models, respectively. In addition, RMSE values of (0.052, 0.045 and 0.057) and (0.045, 0.044 and 0.058) were achieved for training and testing of ICA–ANN, PSO–ANN and GA–ANN predictive models, respectively. These results show higher efficiency of the PSO–ANN model in predicting flyrock distance resulting from blasting. Moreover, sensitivity analysis shows that hole diameter is more effective than others.
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