Dietary cholesterol enhances torpor in a rodent hibernator View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1997-08

AUTHORS

Fritz Geiser, G. J. Kenagy, John C. Wingfield

ABSTRACT

Dietary cholesterol can affect both body lipid composition and steroid hormone concentration. We investigated whether a diet rich in cholesterol influences torpor patterns of hibernating chipmunks (Tamias amoenus) and, if so, whether these changes are better explained by diet-induced changes in body lipid composition or the concentration of testosterone, which at high levels inhibits torpor. Two groups of chipmunks were maintained either on a cholesterol diet (rodent chow containing 10% cholesterol) or a control diet (rodent chow) during pre-hibernation fattening and throughout the hibernation season. Torpid chipmunks on the cholesterol diet had significantly lower minimum body temperatures (-0.2 +/- 0.2 vs -0.6 +/- 0.2 degree C), lower metabolic rates (0.029 +/- 0.002 ml O2 g-1 h-1 vs 0.035 +/- 0.001 ml O2 g-1 h-1), and longer torpor bouts at -1 degree C (6.8 +/- 0.5 vs 4.1 +/- 1.0 days) than chipmunks on the control diet. Dietary cholesterol resulted in a significant increase in blood plasma cholesterol (sevenfold), liver cholesterol content (6.9-fold) and liver triglyceride content (3.5-fold) in comparison to controls. In contrast, dietary cholesterol had no detectable effect on the concentration of plasma testosterone, which was very low in both groups. Since torpor was deeper and longer in animals on the cholesterol diet our study suggests that torpor patterns of chipmunks were either directly affected by the dietary cholesterol or via changes in body lipid composition. More... »

PAGES

416-422

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s003600050091

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s003600050091

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033021825

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9286090


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