Real-life outcomes after artificial urinary sphincter explantation in women suffering from severe stress incontinence View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2021-04-09

AUTHORS

Thibault Tricard, I. Al Hashimi, A. Schroeder, P. Munier, C. Saussine

ABSTRACT

PurposeArtificial urinary sphincter (AUS) implantation in female patients results in high satisfaction rates and high functional outcomes, but implantation can be challenging and explantation of the device is fairly common. The objective of this study was to review outcomes after AUS explantation in women.MethodsThis is a retrospective, monocentric study of all women who underwent open or laparoscopic AUS implantation between November 1994 and July 2019, and patients with AUS explantation were included. Management after AUS explantation using descriptive analysis was assessed.ResultsOver a span of 26 years, 111 women had an AUS implanted by a single surgeon. Of these surgeries, 35 explantations in 29 patients were later required: 20 initial AUSs, nine revised AUSs and six reimplanted AUS (rAUSs). The median time to explantation was 15.5 month (± 0.55). After explantation, 13 rAUSs in 10 patients were successful and two attempts failed. The median time between explantation and rAUS was 8 months (± 0.95). At the last follow-up, five patients still had their rAUS and six rAUSs had required explantation after a median time of 6.5 months (± 0.65).Surgery was still possible for 12 patients who did not have a rAUS: three cystectomies, one bladder neck closure with continent urinary diversion, and six mid-urethral slings or adjustable continence therapy balloon implantations. Among the 23 patients who did not need a cystectomy or a bladder neck closure with continent urinary diversion, four were completely dry (17.4%), 11 were improved (47.8%), and eight (34.8%) experienced unchanged incontinence with the post-explantation management. Limitations include retrospective design, heterogeneous management over time and a relatively small population of patients in our cohort.ConclusionReimplantation of an AUS after an explantation seems feasible after at least 6 months. However, the surgery will be more difficult and satisfaction is not guaranteed. Multicenter databases should be created to help surgeons and patients decide on appropriate management strategies after explantation of an AUS. More... »

PAGES

3891-3896

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00345-021-03672-y

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00345-021-03672-y

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1137041092

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33835209


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