Single-surgeon series of delayed anastomotic urethroplasty for pelvic fracture urethral injury: an analysis of surgical and patient-reported outcomes of a ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-01-14

AUTHORS

Akio Horiguchi, Masayuki Shinchi, Kenichiro Ojima, Ayako Masunaga, Keiichi Ito, Tomohiko Asano, Eiji Takahashi, Fumihiro Kimura, Ryuichi Azuma

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To report our experience with delayed anastomotic urethroplasty for pelvic fracture urethral injury (PFUI) during the last 10 years and evaluate both surgical and patient-reported outcomes. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 115 patients undergoing delayed anastomotic urethroplasty for PFUI between 2008 and 2017 by a single surgeon (AH) was performed. Success was defined as a urethral lumen large enough for passage of a 17-Fr flexible cystoscope. We asked patients to complete questionnaires before (baseline) and 1 year after urethroplasty and compared by paired t and Wilcoxon signed-rank tests the answers to a question about LUTS-specific QOL and the health-related QOL indicated by EQ-5D index and visual analogue scores (EQVAS). Overall patient satisfaction 1 year after urethroplasty was also evaluated. RESULTS: Urethroplasty was successful in 108 patients (93.9%), and failed urethroplasty was significantly associated with greater intraoperative blood loss (p = 0.009) and smaller surgical experience (p = 0.018). Sixty-six patients (57.4%) completed questionnaires 1 year after urethroplasty, and 65 of those 66 (98.5%) were "satisfied" (36.4%) or "very satisfied" (62.1%) with the outcome of their urethroplasty. The LUTS-specific QOL scores (p < 0.0001), EQ-5D index scores (p < 0.0001), and EQVAS scores (p < 0.0001) all improved significantly after urethroplasty. CONCLUSIONS: Delayed anastomotic urethroplasty has a high success rate and significant beneficial effects on both LUTS-specific and health-related QOL, resulting in high patient satisfaction. Careful manipulation in a bloodless operative field by experienced surgeons could be the key to successful urethroplasty. More... »

PAGES

1-6

Journal

TITLE

World Journal of Urology

ISSUE

N/A

VOLUME

N/A

Author Affiliations

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00345-019-02630-z

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    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00345-019-02630-z

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30643973


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    30 schema:description PURPOSE: To report our experience with delayed anastomotic urethroplasty for pelvic fracture urethral injury (PFUI) during the last 10 years and evaluate both surgical and patient-reported outcomes. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 115 patients undergoing delayed anastomotic urethroplasty for PFUI between 2008 and 2017 by a single surgeon (AH) was performed. Success was defined as a urethral lumen large enough for passage of a 17-Fr flexible cystoscope. We asked patients to complete questionnaires before (baseline) and 1 year after urethroplasty and compared by paired t and Wilcoxon signed-rank tests the answers to a question about LUTS-specific QOL and the health-related QOL indicated by EQ-5D index and visual analogue scores (EQVAS). Overall patient satisfaction 1 year after urethroplasty was also evaluated. RESULTS: Urethroplasty was successful in 108 patients (93.9%), and failed urethroplasty was significantly associated with greater intraoperative blood loss (p = 0.009) and smaller surgical experience (p = 0.018). Sixty-six patients (57.4%) completed questionnaires 1 year after urethroplasty, and 65 of those 66 (98.5%) were "satisfied" (36.4%) or "very satisfied" (62.1%) with the outcome of their urethroplasty. The LUTS-specific QOL scores (p < 0.0001), EQ-5D index scores (p < 0.0001), and EQVAS scores (p < 0.0001) all improved significantly after urethroplasty. CONCLUSIONS: Delayed anastomotic urethroplasty has a high success rate and significant beneficial effects on both LUTS-specific and health-related QOL, resulting in high patient satisfaction. Careful manipulation in a bloodless operative field by experienced surgeons could be the key to successful urethroplasty.
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