Kinetin Regulates UV-B-Induced Damage to Growth, Photosystem II Photochemistry, and Nitrogen Metabolism in Tomato Seedlings View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2017-07-08

AUTHORS

Gausiya Bashri, Madhulika Singh, Rohit Kumar Mishra, Jitendra Kumar, Vijay Pratap Singh, Sheo Mohan Prasad

ABSTRACT

Cytokinins are a class of plant growth regulators that regulate several developmental processes in plants, and recently their role in counteracting the deleterious effects of abiotic stresses has been noted. The impacts of kinetin (10 µM, KN; an artificial cytokinin) on growth, photosystem II photochemistry, and nitrogen metabolism in tomato seedlings exposed to two levels (UV-B1, ambient+ 1.2 kJ m−2 day−1, and UV-B2, ambient+ 2.4 kJ m−2 day−1) of enhanced UV-B radiation were analyzed under open field condition. The growth, pigment contents, carbonic anhydrase activity, photosynthetic O2 yield, and values of chlorophyll a fluorescence parameters: Fv/F0, Fv/Fm or φP0, ψ0, φE0, and PIABS declined, whereas the values of energy flux parameters (ABS/RC, TR0/RC, ET0/RC, and DI0/RC) of PS II, efficiency of water splitting complex (F0/Fv), and respiratory rate of O2 uptake increased under UV-B stress. Likewise, UV-B exposure at both doses significantly inhibited the activity of enzymes involved in nitrogen metabolism: nitrate reductase, nitrite reductase, glutamine synthetase, and glutamate synthase. In contrast, an enhancing effect on glutamate dehydrogenase activity was observed under UV-B stress. Exogenous KN resulted in a significant attenuation in UV-B-induced negative effects on growth, pigments, photosynthesis, and nitrogen metabolism. The study concludes that exogenous KN improved the growth performance of tomato seedlings by attenuating the damaging effects of UV-B radiation on photochemistry of PS II and nitrogen metabolism, and the alleviating effect against the low dose (UV-B1) of UV-B was more pronounced. More... »

PAGES

233-245

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2004-09. Responses of Vigna radiata to Foliar Application of 28-Homobrassinolide and Kinetin in BIOLOGIA PLANTARUM
  • 2012-05-10. Effects of cytokinin on photosynthetic gas exchange, chlorophyll fluorescence parameters and antioxidative system in seedlings of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) under salinity stress in ACTA PHYSIOLOGIAE PLANTARUM
  • 2007-02-02. Responses in growth, physiology and nitrogen nutrition of dragon spruce (Picea asperata) seedlings of different ages to enhanced ultraviolet-B in ACTA PHYSIOLOGIAE PLANTARUM
  • 2012-10-23. Lanthanum (III) Regulates the Nitrogen Assimilation in Soybean Seedlings under Ultraviolet-B Radiation in BIOLOGICAL TRACE ELEMENT RESEARCH
  • 2004-07. Effects of enhanced UV-B radiation on the hormonal content of vegetative and reproductive tissues of two tomato cultivars and their relationships with reproductive characteristics in PLANT GROWTH REGULATION
  • 2003-01. Changes in tropospheric composition and air quality due to stratospheric ozone depletion in PHOTOCHEMICAL & PHOTOBIOLOGICAL SCIENCES
  • 2015-02-19. Indole acetic acid modulates changes in growth, chlorophyll a fluorescence and antioxidant potential of Trigonella foenum-graecum L. grown under cadmium stress in ACTA PHYSIOLOGIAE PLANTARUM
  • 2006-02-28. Cytokinin effects on tetrapyrrole biosynthesis and photosynthetic activity in barley seedlings in PLANTA
  • 2011-03-01. Photosynthesis performance in sweet almond [Prunus dulcis (Mill) D. Webb] exposed to supplemental UV-B radiation in PHOTOSYNTHETICA
  • 2011-04-12. A Proteomic Analysis of Leaf Responses to Enhanced Ultraviolet-B Radiation in Two Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Cultivars Differing in UV Sensitivity in JOURNAL OF PLANT BIOLOGY
  • 2000-09. Plant responses to ultraviolet-B (UV-B: 280–320 nm) stress: What are the key regulators? in PLANT GROWTH REGULATION
  • 2015-02-18. IAA alleviates Cd toxicity on growth, photosynthesis and oxidative damages in eggplant seedlings in PLANT GROWTH REGULATION
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