CIGS P3 scribing using ultrashort laser pulses and thermal annealing View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2015-07

AUTHORS

Gabor Matthäus, Klaus Bergner, Mawuli Ametowobla, Andreas Letsch, Andreas Tünnermann, Stefan Nolte

ABSTRACT

In general, laser structuring of CIGS solar modules causes material modifications in the vicinity of the processed area. The irradiated region often reveals high densities of defect states or melt that affect the electrical properties dramatically. In particular, this is a problem for laser P3 scribing where trenches should isolate the front from the back electrode. In this paper, we demonstrate optimized P3 scribes using ultrashort-pulse laser processing in combination with thermal annealing yielding permanently increased solar cell performance. We further investigate this behavior with the help of a two-diode equivalent circuit model. The simulations correlate very well to our obtained experimental results. We show that basically two main effects are responsible for the performance increase after thermal annealing. Firstly, the recombination current within the p–n junction decreases over orders of magnitudes, and secondly, the overall shunt resistance rises significantly. More... »

PAGES

1-4

Journal

TITLE

Applied Physics A

ISSUE

1

VOLUME

120

From Grant

  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00339-015-9207-z

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00339-015-9207-z

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045788582


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0912", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Materials Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Friedrich Schiller University Jena", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9613.d", 
              "name": [
                "Institute of Applied Physics, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Albert-Einstein-Strasse 15, 07745, Jena, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Matth\u00e4us", 
            "givenName": "Gabor", 
            "id": "sg:person.016455160431.31", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016455160431.31"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Friedrich Schiller University Jena", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9613.d", 
              "name": [
                "Institute of Applied Physics, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Albert-Einstein-Strasse 15, 07745, Jena, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Bergner", 
            "givenName": "Klaus", 
            "id": "sg:person.016170412116.07", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016170412116.07"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Robert Bosch (Germany)", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6584.f", 
              "name": [
                "Robert Bosch GmbH, CR/APJ2, P.O. Box 300240, 70443, Stuttgart, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Ametowobla", 
            "givenName": "Mawuli", 
            "id": "sg:person.014053406403.95", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014053406403.95"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Robert Bosch (Germany)", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6584.f", 
              "name": [
                "Robert Bosch GmbH, CR/APJ2, P.O. Box 300240, 70443, Stuttgart, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Letsch", 
            "givenName": "Andreas", 
            "id": "sg:person.014035437257.29", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014035437257.29"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Friedrich Schiller University Jena", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9613.d", 
              "name": [
                "Institute of Applied Physics, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Albert-Einstein-Strasse 15, 07745, Jena, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "T\u00fcnnermann", 
            "givenName": "Andreas", 
            "id": "sg:person.0577721111.73", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0577721111.73"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Friedrich Schiller University Jena", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9613.d", 
              "name": [
                "Institute of Applied Physics, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Albert-Einstein-Strasse 15, 07745, Jena, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Nolte", 
            "givenName": "Stefan", 
            "id": "sg:person.0767272372.44", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0767272372.44"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2008.04.015", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002920524"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phpro.2013.03.138", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006724596"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00339-012-7118-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007238582", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00339-012-7118-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/pip.1078", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007921002"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2013.10.155", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012404512"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00339-007-4158-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017383515", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00339-007-4158-7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00339-007-4158-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017383515", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00339-007-4158-7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/ssp.156-158.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018071234"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2007.04.003", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026553989"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2961/jlmn.2010.03.0001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070927429"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2015-07", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2015-07-01", 
        "description": "In general, laser structuring of CIGS solar modules causes material modifications in the vicinity of the processed area. The irradiated region often reveals high densities of defect states or melt that affect the electrical properties dramatically. In particular, this is a problem for laser P3 scribing where trenches should isolate the front from the back electrode. In this paper, we demonstrate optimized P3 scribes using ultrashort-pulse laser processing in combination with thermal annealing yielding permanently increased solar cell performance. We further investigate this behavior with the help of a two-diode equivalent circuit model. The simulations correlate very well to our obtained experimental results. We show that basically two main effects are responsible for the performance increase after thermal annealing. Firstly, the recombination current within the p\u2013n junction decreases over orders of magnitudes, and secondly, the overall shunt resistance rises significantly.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00339-015-9207-z", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isFundedItemOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.5827568", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }
        ], 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1022207", 
            "issn": [
              "0947-8396", 
              "1432-0630"
            ], 
            "name": "Applied Physics A", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "1", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "120"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "CIGS P3 scribing using ultrashort laser pulses and thermal annealing", 
        "pagination": "1-4", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "da1c2e248804cd313bbabc19c4d9c20275612ede65c52f8b55c66d8066dd2d99"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/s00339-015-9207-z"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1045788582"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00339-015-9207-z", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045788582"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T14:55", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8663_00000491.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00339-015-9207-z"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00339-015-9207-z'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00339-015-9207-z'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00339-015-9207-z'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00339-015-9207-z'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    130 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      36 URIs      19 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/s00339-015-9207-z schema:about anzsrc-for:09
    2 anzsrc-for:0912
    3 schema:author N1ff60b25bed2455ab456c8225faab2ba
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s00339-007-4158-7
    5 sg:pub.10.1007/s00339-012-7118-9
    6 https://doi.org/10.1002/pip.1078
    7 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2013.10.155
    8 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phpro.2013.03.138
    9 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2007.04.003
    10 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2008.04.015
    11 https://doi.org/10.2961/jlmn.2010.03.0001
    12 https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/ssp.156-158.1
    13 schema:datePublished 2015-07
    14 schema:datePublishedReg 2015-07-01
    15 schema:description In general, laser structuring of CIGS solar modules causes material modifications in the vicinity of the processed area. The irradiated region often reveals high densities of defect states or melt that affect the electrical properties dramatically. In particular, this is a problem for laser P3 scribing where trenches should isolate the front from the back electrode. In this paper, we demonstrate optimized P3 scribes using ultrashort-pulse laser processing in combination with thermal annealing yielding permanently increased solar cell performance. We further investigate this behavior with the help of a two-diode equivalent circuit model. The simulations correlate very well to our obtained experimental results. We show that basically two main effects are responsible for the performance increase after thermal annealing. Firstly, the recombination current within the p–n junction decreases over orders of magnitudes, and secondly, the overall shunt resistance rises significantly.
    16 schema:genre research_article
    17 schema:inLanguage en
    18 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    19 schema:isPartOf N2f7e4be79a064b2ab011244558a6367e
    20 Nc4264136ee004fe9bfe164a25e257bb3
    21 sg:journal.1022207
    22 schema:name CIGS P3 scribing using ultrashort laser pulses and thermal annealing
    23 schema:pagination 1-4
    24 schema:productId N1d04ae3715af4e7f90e25e41df2ed505
    25 N2b34ebfb5fef452eaa4105915f938992
    26 Nda9dec1d587c4e91b374514ddcd8b24f
    27 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045788582
    28 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00339-015-9207-z
    29 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T14:55
    30 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    31 schema:sdPublisher Nf0ca1992fd0646ba9cec6acf2932b807
    32 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00339-015-9207-z
    33 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    34 sgo:sdDataset articles
    35 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    36 N1d04ae3715af4e7f90e25e41df2ed505 schema:name dimensions_id
    37 schema:value pub.1045788582
    38 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    39 N1ff60b25bed2455ab456c8225faab2ba rdf:first sg:person.016455160431.31
    40 rdf:rest N5f87937da0e44bb3b5892b90c591f49f
    41 N2b34ebfb5fef452eaa4105915f938992 schema:name readcube_id
    42 schema:value da1c2e248804cd313bbabc19c4d9c20275612ede65c52f8b55c66d8066dd2d99
    43 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    44 N2f7e4be79a064b2ab011244558a6367e schema:volumeNumber 120
    45 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    46 N3c1b607102bc47828c0c6b8815ecaa75 rdf:first sg:person.0767272372.44
    47 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    48 N5f87937da0e44bb3b5892b90c591f49f rdf:first sg:person.016170412116.07
    49 rdf:rest Na5d158633e5742988d3797223c2ccb23
    50 N87479940489d45be88a8e8e291a51fa9 rdf:first sg:person.014035437257.29
    51 rdf:rest N9fe0283e1ee24878aada4a3a5dc2bd0c
    52 N9fe0283e1ee24878aada4a3a5dc2bd0c rdf:first sg:person.0577721111.73
    53 rdf:rest N3c1b607102bc47828c0c6b8815ecaa75
    54 Na5d158633e5742988d3797223c2ccb23 rdf:first sg:person.014053406403.95
    55 rdf:rest N87479940489d45be88a8e8e291a51fa9
    56 Nc4264136ee004fe9bfe164a25e257bb3 schema:issueNumber 1
    57 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    58 Nda9dec1d587c4e91b374514ddcd8b24f schema:name doi
    59 schema:value 10.1007/s00339-015-9207-z
    60 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    61 Nf0ca1992fd0646ba9cec6acf2932b807 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    62 rdf:type schema:Organization
    63 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    64 schema:name Engineering
    65 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    66 anzsrc-for:0912 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    67 schema:name Materials Engineering
    68 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    69 sg:grant.5827568 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1007/s00339-015-9207-z
    70 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    71 sg:journal.1022207 schema:issn 0947-8396
    72 1432-0630
    73 schema:name Applied Physics A
    74 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    75 sg:person.014035437257.29 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6584.f
    76 schema:familyName Letsch
    77 schema:givenName Andreas
    78 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014035437257.29
    79 rdf:type schema:Person
    80 sg:person.014053406403.95 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6584.f
    81 schema:familyName Ametowobla
    82 schema:givenName Mawuli
    83 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014053406403.95
    84 rdf:type schema:Person
    85 sg:person.016170412116.07 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9613.d
    86 schema:familyName Bergner
    87 schema:givenName Klaus
    88 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016170412116.07
    89 rdf:type schema:Person
    90 sg:person.016455160431.31 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9613.d
    91 schema:familyName Matthäus
    92 schema:givenName Gabor
    93 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016455160431.31
    94 rdf:type schema:Person
    95 sg:person.0577721111.73 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9613.d
    96 schema:familyName Tünnermann
    97 schema:givenName Andreas
    98 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0577721111.73
    99 rdf:type schema:Person
    100 sg:person.0767272372.44 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9613.d
    101 schema:familyName Nolte
    102 schema:givenName Stefan
    103 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0767272372.44
    104 rdf:type schema:Person
    105 sg:pub.10.1007/s00339-007-4158-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017383515
    106 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00339-007-4158-7
    107 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    108 sg:pub.10.1007/s00339-012-7118-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007238582
    109 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00339-012-7118-9
    110 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    111 https://doi.org/10.1002/pip.1078 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007921002
    112 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    113 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2013.10.155 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012404512
    114 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    115 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phpro.2013.03.138 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006724596
    116 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    117 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2007.04.003 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026553989
    118 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    119 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2008.04.015 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002920524
    120 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    121 https://doi.org/10.2961/jlmn.2010.03.0001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070927429
    122 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    123 https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/ssp.156-158.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018071234
    124 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    125 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6584.f schema:alternateName Robert Bosch (Germany)
    126 schema:name Robert Bosch GmbH, CR/APJ2, P.O. Box 300240, 70443, Stuttgart, Germany
    127 rdf:type schema:Organization
    128 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9613.d schema:alternateName Friedrich Schiller University Jena
    129 schema:name Institute of Applied Physics, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Albert-Einstein-Strasse 15, 07745, Jena, Germany
    130 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...