Contrasting clonal structure among Pocillopora (Scleractinia) communities at two environmentally distinct sites in the Gulf of California View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2012-03-03

AUTHORS

J. H. Pinzón, H. Reyes-Bonilla, I. B. Baums, T. C. LaJeunesse

ABSTRACT

The contributions of sexual versus asexual reproduction are thought to play an important role in the abundance and ecological success of corals, especially in marginal habitats. Pocillopora corals are distributed throughout the Indo-Pacific and dominate shallow hard-bottom communities in the eastern Pacific where broad seasonal fluctuations in temperature and water turbidity create suboptimal conditions for reef community development. Previous work had revealed three genetic clades in the eastern Pacific that show little correspondence with colony morphology; the broad distribution of type 1 extends into the subtropical southern Gulf of California. Here we examine genetic and clonal structure of two type 1 communities separated by 10 km with microsatellite data. Samples were collected randomly in six 10 m radius circular plots (20 colonies per plot, 3 plots per site). Sites differed in their relative clonality because clonemates (ramets) from a single clone (genet) dominated a large portion (90.9 m long) of the protected leeward side of Gaviota Island (Number of genets/Number of samples = 0.35; observed Genotypic diversity/expected Genotypic diversity = 0.087), while an exposed community at the entrance to La Paz Bay, Punta Galeras, exhibited high genotypic diversity (Ng/N = 0.85; Go/Ge = 0.714). Gene flow was unrestricted between sites indicating these communities comprised a single population. The relative proportion of asexual colonies found between community aggregations of Pocillopora in the Gulf of California differed significantly and suggests factors at local, not regional, scales affect these patterns. The possibility that heterogeneity in clonal structure is common throughout the eastern Pacific and across the west Indo-Pacific requires further study. Finally, since morphological variation in Pocillopora has been underappreciated and is in need of taxonomic revision, the use of a consistent field-sampling protocol and high-resolution makers will advance ecological research and aid in the conservation of these corals. More... »

PAGES

765-777

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 1995-02. Variation in the genetic composition of coral (Pocillopora damicornis and Acropora palifera) populations from different reef habitats in MARINE BIOLOGY
  • 1999-09. Genetic variation and clonal structure in the scleractinian coral Pocillopora damicornis in the Ryukyu Archipelago, southern Japan in MARINE BIOLOGY
  • 2004-04-21. The role of sexual and asexual reproduction in structuring high latitude populations of the reef coral Pocillopora damicornis in HEREDITY
  • 1984-07. Genetical structure within populations of the coral Pocillopora damicornis in MARINE BIOLOGY
  • 1984-05. The effects of sexual and asexual reproduction on geographic variation in the sea anemone Actinia tenebrosa in OECOLOGIA
  • 2004-11. Genotypic Variation in Populations of the Clonal Plant Saxifraga cernua in the Central and Peripheral Regions of the Species Range in RUSSIAN JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY
  • 1999-05-01. Spatial autocorrelation analysis of individual multiallele and multilocus genetic structure in HEREDITY
  • 2001-07. The loss of sex in clonal plants in EVOLUTIONARY ECOLOGY
  • 1983-11. Asexual production of planulae in the coral Pocillopora damicornis in MARINE BIOLOGY
  • 2005-11-08. Asexual reproduction does not produce clonal populations of the brooding coral Pocillopora damicornis on the Great Barrier Reef, Australia in CORAL REEFS
  • 1994-06. Genotypic diversity, molecular markers and spatial distribution of genets in clonal plants, a literature survey in FOLIA GEOBOTANICA
  • 2009-12-20. Hidden genetic diversity in a key model species of coral in MARINE BIOLOGY
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    31 schema:description The contributions of sexual versus asexual reproduction are thought to play an important role in the abundance and ecological success of corals, especially in marginal habitats. Pocillopora corals are distributed throughout the Indo-Pacific and dominate shallow hard-bottom communities in the eastern Pacific where broad seasonal fluctuations in temperature and water turbidity create suboptimal conditions for reef community development. Previous work had revealed three genetic clades in the eastern Pacific that show little correspondence with colony morphology; the broad distribution of type 1 extends into the subtropical southern Gulf of California. Here we examine genetic and clonal structure of two type 1 communities separated by 10 km with microsatellite data. Samples were collected randomly in six 10 m radius circular plots (20 colonies per plot, 3 plots per site). Sites differed in their relative clonality because clonemates (ramets) from a single clone (genet) dominated a large portion (90.9 m long) of the protected leeward side of Gaviota Island (Number of genets/Number of samples = 0.35; observed Genotypic diversity/expected Genotypic diversity = 0.087), while an exposed community at the entrance to La Paz Bay, Punta Galeras, exhibited high genotypic diversity (Ng/N = 0.85; Go/Ge = 0.714). Gene flow was unrestricted between sites indicating these communities comprised a single population. The relative proportion of asexual colonies found between community aggregations of Pocillopora in the Gulf of California differed significantly and suggests factors at local, not regional, scales affect these patterns. The possibility that heterogeneity in clonal structure is common throughout the eastern Pacific and across the west Indo-Pacific requires further study. Finally, since morphological variation in Pocillopora has been underappreciated and is in need of taxonomic revision, the use of a consistent field-sampling protocol and high-resolution makers will advance ecological research and aid in the conservation of these corals.
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