Grains from ear to ear: the morphology of spelt and free-threshing wheat from Roman Mursa (Osijek), Croatia View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-02-26

AUTHORS

Kelly Reed, Sanela Sabljić, Renata Šoštarić, Sara Essert

ABSTRACT

Cereals were a significant part of the Roman diet, yet knowledge about their cultivation, distribution and consumption in certain regions is particularly lacking. In Europe, studies generally suggest that from the Iron Age to the Roman period there was a reduction in barley cultivation, an increase in spelt over emmer, a preference for free-threshing wheat over glume wheats, as well as the increased cultivation of rye and oats. Up till now, there was little evidence on crop cultivation in Croatia, but the discovery of around 24,000 cereal grains from the oven of a 2nd-4th c. ad Roman villa in the modern town of Osijek provides important insights into diet and subsistence in the Roman province of Pannonia. Here, the dominance of free-threshing wheat, spelt and rye with only a relatively small amount of other cereals, chaff and weeds corresponds well with this pattern seen elsewhere in Europe. The relatively clean grain deposit suggests that this sample represents processed grain ready for final food preparation and consumption at the villa. The morphological variation and overlap seen between the carbonised spelt and free-threshing wheat grains, as well as the identification of ‘stunted’ cereal grains, is also discussed. More... »

PAGES

623-634

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2015-07-19. Geometric morphometric analysis of Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. (foxtail millet) and Brachiaria ramosa (L.) Stapf. (browntop millet) and its implications for understanding the biogeography of small millets in VEGETATION HISTORY AND ARCHAEOBOTANY
  • 1996-06. Morphological studies of free-threshing wheat ears from a Neolithic site in southwest Germany, and the history of the naked wheats in VEGETATION HISTORY AND ARCHAEOBOTANY
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  • 2017-10-02. First evidence of rice (Oryza cf. sativa L.) and black pepper (Piper nigrum) in Roman Mursa, Croatia in ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND ANTHROPOLOGICAL SCIENCES
  • 1992-10. The history of rye cultivation in Europe in VEGETATION HISTORY AND ARCHAEOBOTANY
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  • 2009. The Western European Loess Belt, Agrarian History, 5300 BC - AD 1000 in NONE
  • 2012-11-29. Roman food refuse: urban archaeobotany in Pompeii, Regio VI, Insula 1 in VEGETATION HISTORY AND ARCHAEOBOTANY
  • 1998-06. The history of crops and crop weeds in south-western Germany from the Neolithic period to modern times, as shown by archaeobotanical evidence in VEGETATION HISTORY AND ARCHAEOBOTANY
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    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00334-019-00719-4

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00334-019-00719-4

    DIMENSIONS

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