Characterization of fortuitously discovered focal liver lesions: additional information provided by shearwave elastography View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2015-02

AUTHORS

Maxime Ronot, Sara Di Renzo, Bettina Gregoli, Rafael Duran, Laurent Castera, Bernard E. Van Beers, Valérie Vilgrain

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To prospectively assess the stiffness of incidentally discovered focal liver lesions (FLL) with no history of chronic liver disease or extrahepatic cancer using shearwave elastography (SWE). METHODS: Between June 2011 and May 2012, all FLL fortuitously discovered on ultrasound examination were prospectively included. For each lesion, stiffness was measured (kPa). Characterization of the lesion relied on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and/or contrast-enhanced ultrasound, or biopsy. Tumour stiffness was analysed using ANOVA and non-parametric Mann-Whitney tests. RESULTS: 105 lesions were successfully evaluated in 73 patients (61 women, 84%) with a mean age of 44.8 (range: 20‒75). The mean stiffness was 33.3 ± 12.7 kPa for the 60 focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH), 19.7 ± 9.8 k Pa for the 17 hepatocellular adenomas (HCA), 17.1 ± 7 kPa for the 20 haemangiomas, 11.3 ± 4.3 kPa for the five focal fatty sparing, 34.1 ± 7.3 kPa for the two cholangiocarcinomas, and 19.6 kPa for one hepatocellular carcinoma (p < 0.0001). There was no difference between the benign and the malignant groups (p = 0.64). FNHs were significantly stiffer than HCAs (p < 0.0001). Telangiectatic/inflammatory HCAs were significantly stiffer than the steatotic HCAs (p = 0.014). The area under the ROC curve (AUROC) for differentiating FNH from other lesions was 0.86 ± 0.04. CONCLUSION: SWE may provide additional information for the characterization of FFL, and may help in differentiating FNH from HCAs, and in subtyping HCAs. KEY POINTS: • SWE might be helpful for the characterization of solid focal liver lesions • SWE cannot differentiate benign from malignant liver lesions • FNHs are significantly stiffer than other benign lesions • Telangiectatic/inflammatory HCA are significantly stiffer than steatotic ones. More... »

PAGES

346-358

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00330-014-3370-z

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-014-3370-z

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024218251

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25231131


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