Quantitative sodium MR imaging of native versus transplanted kidneys using a dual-tuned proton/sodium (1H/23Na) coil: initial experience View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2014-03-26

AUTHORS

Chan Hong Moon, Alessandro Furlan, Jung-Hwan Kim, Tiejun Zhao, Ron Shapiro, Kyongtae Ty Bae

ABSTRACT

ObjectivesTo compare sodium (23Na) characteristics between native and transplanted kidneys using dual-tuned proton (1H)/sodium MRI.MethodsSix healthy volunteers and six renal transplant patients (3 normal function, 3 acute allograft rejection) were included. Proton/sodium MRI was obtained at 3 T using a dual-tuned coil. Signal to noise ratio (SNR), sodium concentration ([23Na]) and cortico-medullary sodium gradient (CMSG) were measured. Reproducibility of [23Na] measurement was also tested. SNR, [23Na] and CMSG of the native and transplanted kidneys were compared.ResultsProton and sodium images of kidneys were successfully acquired. SNR and [23Na] measurements of the native kidneys were reproducible at two different sessions. [23Na] and CMSG of the transplanted kidneys was significantly lower than those of the native kidneys: 153.5 ± 11.9 vs. 192.9 ± 9.6 mM (P = 0.002) and 8.9 ± 1.5 vs. 10.5 ± 0.9 mM/mm (P = 0.041), respectively. [23Na] and CMSG of the transplanted kidneys with normal function vs. acute rejection were not statistically different.ConclusionsSodium quantification of kidneys was reliably performed using proton/sodium MRI. [23Na] and CMSG of the transplanted kidneys were lower than those of the native kidneys, but without a statistically significant difference between patients with or without renal allograft rejection.Key Points• Dual-tuned proton/sodium RF coil enables co-registered proton and sodium MRI.• Structural and sodium biochemical property can be acquired by dual-tuned proton/sodium MRI.• Sodium and sodium gradient of kidneys can be measured by dual-tuned MRI.• Sodium concentration was lower in transplanted kidneys than in native kidneys.• Sodium gradient of transplanted kidneys was lower than for native kidneys. More... »

PAGES

1320-1326

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00330-014-3138-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-014-3138-5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023731031

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24668008


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