Apparent diffusion coefficient as a prognostic biomarker of upper urinary tract cancer: a preliminary report View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2013-08

AUTHORS

Soichiro Yoshida, Shuichiro Kobayashi, Fumitaka Koga, Junichiro Ishioka, Chikako Ishii, Hiroshi Tanaka, Yasukazu Nakanishi, Yoh Matsuoka, Noboru Numao, Kazutaka Saito, Hitoshi Masuda, Yasuhisa Fujii, Kazunori Kihara

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the role of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) as a biomarker reflecting the aggressiveness of upper urinary tract urothelial cell carcinoma (UUT-UCC). METHODS: Thirty-four consecutive patients treated with nephroureterectomy for non-metastatic disease were prospectively enrolled in this study. ADC was compared with clinicopathological variables including Ki-67 labelling index (LI) and cancer-specific survival (CSS). RESULTS: The overall 3-year CSS rate was 82 % (median follow-up, 36 months). ADC was significantly lower in grade 3 disease than in grades 1-2 disease (P = 0.011) and significantly and inversely correlated with Ki-67 LI (ρ = -0.59, P = 0.0002). Low ADCs (<1.10 × 10(-3) mm(2)/s) were significantly associated with shorter CSS (P = 0.039). Multivariate analysis of preoperative variables identified ADC and MRI-based clinical T stage as independent indicators of shorter CSS; the patients were stratified into high-risk (8 patients with low ADC and at least clinical T3) and low-risk (26 patients with high ADC or not more than clinical T2) groups with 3-year CSS rates of 43 % and 93 % (P = 0.0003). CONCLUSIONS: Our preliminary data suggest the potential role of ADC as a quantitative biomarker reflecting the aggressiveness of UUT-UCC. ADC might be useful for preoperative risk stratification of UUT-UCC patients. KEY POINTS: • Diffusion-weighted MRI offers new information about the aggressiveness of urinary tract cancers. • The apparent diffusion coefficient acts as a quantitative biomarker for upper urinary tract cancers. • ADC inversely correlates with immunohistochemical and histological grading of UUT-UCC. • ADC offers a prognosis for UUT-UCC patients treated with nephroureterectomy. More... »

PAGES

2206-2214

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00330-013-2805-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-013-2805-2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006217661

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23494496


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