Fat deposition decreases diffusion parameters at MRI: a study in phantoms and patients with liver steatosis View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2013-02

AUTHORS

Helena S. Leitão, Sabrina Doblas, Gaspard d’Assignies, Philippe Garteiser, Jean-Luc Daire, Valérie Paradis, Carlos F. G. C. Geraldes, Valérie Vilgrain, Bernard E. Van Beers

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Assess the effect of fat deposition on the MRI diffusion coefficients in lipid emulsion-based phantoms and patients with proven isolated liver steatosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Diffusion-weighted MRI with 11 b values from 0-500 s/mm(2) was performed in phantoms (fat fractions 0-18 %) with and without fat suppression and in 19 patients with normal liver (n = 14) or isolated liver steatosis (n = 5) proven by histopathology. The apparent, pure and perfusion-related diffusion coefficients and the perfusion fraction were measured. Spearman correlation coefficient and Mann-Whitney U test were used for comparisons. RESULTS: A strong correlation between the apparent and pure diffusion coefficients and fat fractions was seen in phantoms. The pure diffusion coefficient decreased significantly in patients with liver steatosis (0.96 ± 0.16 × 10(-3) mm(2)/s versus 1.18 ± 0.09 × 10(-3) mm(2)/s in normal liver, P = 0.005), whereas the decrease in apparent diffusion coefficient did not reach statistical significance (1.26 ± 0.25 × 10(-3) mm(2)/s versus 1.41 ± 0.14 × 10(-3) mm(2)/s in normal liver, P = 0.298). CONCLUSIONS: Fat deposition decreases the apparent and pure diffusion coefficients in lipid emulsion-based phantoms and patients with isolated liver steatosis proven by histopathology. More... »

PAGES

461-467

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00330-012-2626-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-012-2626-8

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051025635

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22935901


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    "description": "PURPOSE: Assess the effect of fat deposition on the MRI diffusion coefficients in lipid emulsion-based phantoms and patients with proven isolated liver steatosis.\nMATERIALS AND METHODS: Diffusion-weighted MRI with 11 b values from 0-500 s/mm(2) was performed in phantoms (fat fractions 0-18 %) with and without fat suppression and in 19 patients with normal liver (n\u2009=\u200914) or isolated liver steatosis (n\u2009=\u20095) proven by histopathology. The apparent, pure and perfusion-related diffusion coefficients and the perfusion fraction were measured. Spearman correlation coefficient and Mann-Whitney U test were used for comparisons.\nRESULTS: A strong correlation between the apparent and pure diffusion coefficients and fat fractions was seen in phantoms. The pure diffusion coefficient decreased significantly in patients with liver steatosis (0.96\u2009\u00b1\u20090.16\u2009\u00d7\u200910(-3) mm(2)/s versus 1.18\u2009\u00b1\u20090.09\u2009\u00d7\u200910(-3) mm(2)/s in normal liver, P\u2009=\u20090.005), whereas the decrease in apparent diffusion coefficient did not reach statistical significance (1.26\u2009\u00b1\u20090.25\u2009\u00d7\u200910(-3) mm(2)/s versus 1.41\u2009\u00b1\u20090.14\u2009\u00d7\u200910(-3) mm(2)/s in normal liver, P\u2009=\u20090.298).\nCONCLUSIONS: Fat deposition decreases the apparent and pure diffusion coefficients in lipid emulsion-based phantoms and patients with isolated liver steatosis proven by histopathology.", 
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