Clinical value of MRI liver-specific contrast agents: a tailored examination for a confident non-invasive diagnosis of focal liver lesions View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2009-02

AUTHORS

Ahmed Ba-Ssalamah, Martin Uffmann, Sanjai Saini, Nina Bastati, Christian Herold, Wolfgang Schima

ABSTRACT

Screening of the liver for hepatic lesion detection and characterization is usually performed with either ultrasound or CT. However, both techniques are suboptimal for liver lesion characterization and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has emerged as the preferred radiological investigation. In addition to unenhanced MR imaging techniques, contrast-enhanced MR imaging can demonstrate tissue-specific physiological information, thereby facilitating liver lesion characterization. Currently, the classes of contrast agents available for MR imaging of the liver include non-tissue-specific extracellular gadolinium chelates and tissue-specific hepatobiliary or reticuloendothelial agents. In this review, we describe the MR features of the more common focal hepatic lesions, as well as appropriate imaging protocols. A special emphasis is placed on the clinical use of non-specific and liver-specific contrast agents for differentiation of focal liver lesions. This may aid in the accurate diagnostic workup of patients in order to avoid invasive procedures, such as biopsy, for lesion characterization. A diagnostic strategy that considers the clinical situation is also presented. More... »

PAGES

342-357

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2004-04. Hepatobiliary contrast agents for contrast-enhanced MRI of the liver: properties, clinical development and applications in EUROPEAN RADIOLOGY
  • 2004-01. Specificity of SPIO particles for characterization of liver hemangiomas using MRI in ABDOMINAL RADIOLOGY
  • 2007-10. Biliary and reticuloendothelial impairment in hepatocarcinogenesis: the diagnostic role of tissue-specific MR contrast media in EUROPEAN RADIOLOGY
  • 1999-01. The pseudocapsule in hepatocellular carcinoma: correlation between dynamic MR imaging and pathology in EUROPEAN RADIOLOGY
  • 2004-01. Gadobenate dimeglumine-enhanced liver MR imaging: value of dynamic and delayed imaging for the characterization and detection of focal liver lesions in EUROPEAN RADIOLOGY
  • 1999-09. Focal nodular hyperplasia of the liver on ferumoxides-enhanced MR imaging: features on conventional spin-echo, fast spin-echo and gradient-echo pulse sequences in EUROPEAN RADIOLOGY
  • 1999-03. Atypical hepatic hemangiomas with intense arterial enhancement and early fading in ABDOMINAL RADIOLOGY
  • 2004-12. MRT der Leber in DER RADIOLOGE
  • 1995-03. Dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging of fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma in ABDOMINAL RADIOLOGY
  • 2002-01. MRI characteristics in focal hepatic disease before and after administration of MnDPDP: discriminant analysis as a diagnostic tool in EUROPEAN RADIOLOGY
  • 2000-09. MR imaging of cirrhosis and its complications in ABDOMINAL RADIOLOGY
  • 2004-12. Aktueller Stand der MRT-Diagnostik mit leberspezifischen Kontrastmitteln in DER RADIOLOGE
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00330-008-1172-x

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-008-1172-x

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019208972

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18810454


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0903", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Biomedical Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Adenoma", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Carcinoma", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Contrast Media", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Cysts", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Female", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Gadolinium", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Hemangioma", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Hepatocytes", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Humans", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Liver Neoplasms", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Magnetic Resonance Imaging", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Neoplasm Metastasis", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Reproducibility of Results", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Medical University of Vienna", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.22937.3d", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Radiology, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, 1090, Vienna, Austria"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Ba-Ssalamah", 
            "givenName": "Ahmed", 
            "id": "sg:person.0610263641.84", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0610263641.84"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Medical University of Vienna", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.22937.3d", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Radiology, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, 1090, Vienna, Austria"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Uffmann", 
            "givenName": "Martin", 
            "id": "sg:person.01000222412.71", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01000222412.71"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Massachusetts General Hospital", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.32224.35", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, 55 Fruit Street, 02114, Boston, MA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Saini", 
            "givenName": "Sanjai", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Medical University of Vienna", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.22937.3d", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Radiology, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, 1090, Vienna, Austria"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Bastati", 
            "givenName": "Nina", 
            "id": "sg:person.01344230775.69", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01344230775.69"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Medical University of Vienna", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.22937.3d", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Radiology, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, 1090, Vienna, Austria"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Herold", 
            "givenName": "Christian", 
            "id": "sg:person.01016471053.42", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01016471053.42"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Medical University of Vienna", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.22937.3d", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Radiology, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, 1090, Vienna, Austria"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Schima", 
            "givenName": "Wolfgang", 
            "id": "sg:person.0643031251.50", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0643031251.50"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2463/mrms.6.43", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001375554"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0730-725x(98)00135-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007426922"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/1522-2586(200006)11:6<665::aid-jmri13>3.0.co;2-d", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007575361"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/jmri.20174", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008689266"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1600-0455.2000.041003255.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009342516"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1600-0455.2000.041003255.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009342516"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1076-6332(03)80415-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009546267"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1076-6332(03)80415-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009546267"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/jmri.1880080325", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010585726"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00330-004-2236-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010931070", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00330-004-2236-1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s002610000077", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012070919", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s002610000077"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/01.rct.0000156397.51640.a1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012605073"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/01.rct.0000156397.51640.a1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012605073"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2213010139", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014023671"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1053/j.gastro.2004.09.028", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014277049"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2371031842", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016998182"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s003300050629", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017480835", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s003300050629"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00117-004-1142-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019725248", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00117-004-1142-5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/rmr.0b013e3181614374", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021703824"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/rmr.0b013e3181614374", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021703824"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/jmri.21135", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021746117"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00261-003-0092-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024283448", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00261-003-0092-0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s003300101122", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025539892", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s003300101122"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0676.1992.tb00560.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026439359"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0676.1992.tb00560.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026439359"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00330-003-2115-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027149700", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00330-003-2115-1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0730-725x(02)00641-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028235831"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0730-725x(02)00641-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028235831"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00004728-200605000-00001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030313376"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00004728-200605000-00001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030313376"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2232010318", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030732543"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/1097-0142(19800715)46:2<372::aid-cncr2820460227>3.0.co;2-s", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033013223"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00330-007-0602-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033378290", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00330-007-0602-5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1148/radiology.218.1.r01ja2427", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035404688"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2221001599", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035898694"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s003300050879", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036007319", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s003300050879"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1076-6332(03)80268-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038768232"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2361040338", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038961632"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2342040278", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039020338"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s002619900464", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040774873", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s002619900464"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2282012061", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041794892"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1102/1470-7330.2007.9001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041845223"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00201518", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041967744", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00201518"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00201518", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041967744", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00201518"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00117-004-1134-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042471467", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00117-004-1134-5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1479-666x(05)80043-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043464870"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/(sici)1522-2586(199907)10:1<80::aid-jmri11>3.0.co;2-s", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044094477"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1053/crad.2002.1117", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045928662"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1053/crad.2002.1117", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045928662"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0959-8049(99)00049-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048086651"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00004424-199406001-00059", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050712131"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00004424-199406001-00059", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050712131"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00000478-199912000-00001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060123008"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00000478-199912000-00001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060123008"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00000478-199912000-00001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060123008"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00004424-200001000-00003", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060184367"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00004424-200001000-00003", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060184367"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00004424-200001000-00003", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060184367"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.158.3.1738990", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069317102"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.163.1.8010195", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069318667"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.165.2.7618545", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069319510"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.168.2.9016227", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069320656"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.174.2.1740477", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069322988"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.176.6.1761499", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069324046"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.179.6.1791447", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069325108"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.181.3.1810809", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069325683"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.184.3.01840821", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069326704"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v8.i1.82", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071375214"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1148/radiographics.19.2.g99mr09453", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074355062"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074781427", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1148/radiographics.21.4.g01jl16895", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074848788"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1148/radiographics.22.5.g02se061023", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1075125255"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1148/radiology.181.1.1653443", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077201682"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1148/radiology.171.2.2539605", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079001297"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079163336", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1148/radiology.162.1.3786765", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079951250"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1148/radiology.196.2.7617864", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082436967"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1148/radiology.192.2.8029401", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082616941"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1148/radiology.192.2.8029404", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082616944"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1148/radiology.193.1.8090921", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082647383"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083224804", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1148/radiology.209.3.9844683", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083358361"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2009-02", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2009-02-01", 
        "description": "Screening of the liver for hepatic lesion detection and characterization is usually performed with either ultrasound or CT. However, both techniques are suboptimal for liver lesion characterization and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has emerged as the preferred radiological investigation. In addition to unenhanced MR imaging techniques, contrast-enhanced MR imaging can demonstrate tissue-specific physiological information, thereby facilitating liver lesion characterization. Currently, the classes of contrast agents available for MR imaging of the liver include non-tissue-specific extracellular gadolinium chelates and tissue-specific hepatobiliary or reticuloendothelial agents. In this review, we describe the MR features of the more common focal hepatic lesions, as well as appropriate imaging protocols. A special emphasis is placed on the clinical use of non-specific and liver-specific contrast agents for differentiation of focal liver lesions. This may aid in the accurate diagnostic workup of patients in order to avoid invasive procedures, such as biopsy, for lesion characterization. A diagnostic strategy that considers the clinical situation is also presented.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00330-008-1172-x", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1289120", 
            "issn": [
              "0938-7994", 
              "1432-1084"
            ], 
            "name": "European Radiology", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "2", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "19"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "Clinical value of MRI liver-specific contrast agents: a tailored examination for a confident non-invasive diagnosis of focal liver lesions", 
        "pagination": "342-357", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "5b864a12b1207c5bce80ad19b6646dfb884b615fe876d0abfc6e7110cfec7893"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "pubmed_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "18810454"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "9114774"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/s00330-008-1172-x"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1019208972"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00330-008-1172-x", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019208972"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T14:33", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000373_0000000373/records_13104_00000000.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs00330-008-1172-x"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00330-008-1172-x'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00330-008-1172-x'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00330-008-1172-x'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00330-008-1172-x'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    371 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      110 URIs      34 LITERALS      22 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/s00330-008-1172-x schema:about N0fce74b803e4459896a2862e58baf910
    2 N17df5cb2aa0843ff8dac07813a4d7a1f
    3 N3bcf61b12ff24fd4b0283239cbd763b4
    4 N6827a7ebc74648d4837144367a106564
    5 N6a9c342d24644e75bb43b1204eabc836
    6 N6ba49877263d4d8987af0de84479e3f5
    7 N87bf7ebea8844c26a9f1cfa3bb101cbb
    8 Nb90535342e80401d8185adccbb32a1c3
    9 Ncb387460a5334cf3bcaa7930b6007930
    10 Neda756595ede4dbfab0a5c3d8cc484d1
    11 Nf0e0260a0a84417d8dbf4c196dc85e68
    12 Nf409e527c4854b129e3028df54c3f08d
    13 Nf92b11b8bb424fe182acf2c05e30c519
    14 anzsrc-for:09
    15 anzsrc-for:0903
    16 schema:author N17a8ecab7e3b4ca78b38697dd2ae6b08
    17 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf00201518
    18 sg:pub.10.1007/s00117-004-1134-5
    19 sg:pub.10.1007/s00117-004-1142-5
    20 sg:pub.10.1007/s00261-003-0092-0
    21 sg:pub.10.1007/s002610000077
    22 sg:pub.10.1007/s002619900464
    23 sg:pub.10.1007/s00330-003-2115-1
    24 sg:pub.10.1007/s00330-004-2236-1
    25 sg:pub.10.1007/s00330-007-0602-5
    26 sg:pub.10.1007/s003300050629
    27 sg:pub.10.1007/s003300050879
    28 sg:pub.10.1007/s003300101122
    29 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074781427
    30 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079163336
    31 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083224804
    32 https://doi.org/10.1002/(sici)1522-2586(199907)10:1<80::aid-jmri11>3.0.co;2-s
    33 https://doi.org/10.1002/1097-0142(19800715)46:2<372::aid-cncr2820460227>3.0.co;2-s
    34 https://doi.org/10.1002/1522-2586(200006)11:6<665::aid-jmri13>3.0.co;2-d
    35 https://doi.org/10.1002/jmri.1880080325
    36 https://doi.org/10.1002/jmri.20174
    37 https://doi.org/10.1002/jmri.21135
    38 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0730-725x(02)00641-0
    39 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0730-725x(98)00135-0
    40 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0959-8049(99)00049-0
    41 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1076-6332(03)80268-4
    42 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1076-6332(03)80415-4
    43 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1479-666x(05)80043-5
    44 https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1600-0455.2000.041003255.x
    45 https://doi.org/10.1053/crad.2002.1117
    46 https://doi.org/10.1053/j.gastro.2004.09.028
    47 https://doi.org/10.1097/00000478-199912000-00001
    48 https://doi.org/10.1097/00004424-199406001-00059
    49 https://doi.org/10.1097/00004424-200001000-00003
    50 https://doi.org/10.1097/00004728-200605000-00001
    51 https://doi.org/10.1097/01.rct.0000156397.51640.a1
    52 https://doi.org/10.1097/rmr.0b013e3181614374
    53 https://doi.org/10.1102/1470-7330.2007.9001
    54 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0676.1992.tb00560.x
    55 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiographics.19.2.g99mr09453
    56 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiographics.21.4.g01jl16895
    57 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiographics.22.5.g02se061023
    58 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2213010139
    59 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2221001599
    60 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2232010318
    61 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2282012061
    62 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2342040278
    63 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2361040338
    64 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2371031842
    65 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiology.162.1.3786765
    66 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiology.171.2.2539605
    67 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiology.181.1.1653443
    68 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiology.192.2.8029401
    69 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiology.192.2.8029404
    70 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiology.193.1.8090921
    71 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiology.196.2.7617864
    72 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiology.209.3.9844683
    73 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiology.218.1.r01ja2427
    74 https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.158.3.1738990
    75 https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.163.1.8010195
    76 https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.165.2.7618545
    77 https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.168.2.9016227
    78 https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.174.2.1740477
    79 https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.176.6.1761499
    80 https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.179.6.1791447
    81 https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.181.3.1810809
    82 https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.184.3.01840821
    83 https://doi.org/10.2463/mrms.6.43
    84 https://doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v8.i1.82
    85 schema:datePublished 2009-02
    86 schema:datePublishedReg 2009-02-01
    87 schema:description Screening of the liver for hepatic lesion detection and characterization is usually performed with either ultrasound or CT. However, both techniques are suboptimal for liver lesion characterization and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has emerged as the preferred radiological investigation. In addition to unenhanced MR imaging techniques, contrast-enhanced MR imaging can demonstrate tissue-specific physiological information, thereby facilitating liver lesion characterization. Currently, the classes of contrast agents available for MR imaging of the liver include non-tissue-specific extracellular gadolinium chelates and tissue-specific hepatobiliary or reticuloendothelial agents. In this review, we describe the MR features of the more common focal hepatic lesions, as well as appropriate imaging protocols. A special emphasis is placed on the clinical use of non-specific and liver-specific contrast agents for differentiation of focal liver lesions. This may aid in the accurate diagnostic workup of patients in order to avoid invasive procedures, such as biopsy, for lesion characterization. A diagnostic strategy that considers the clinical situation is also presented.
    88 schema:genre research_article
    89 schema:inLanguage en
    90 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    91 schema:isPartOf N488acd39beeb4c9ca8c9ee1968036d3b
    92 Naba1e955813f42e0beefd0f79826882f
    93 sg:journal.1289120
    94 schema:name Clinical value of MRI liver-specific contrast agents: a tailored examination for a confident non-invasive diagnosis of focal liver lesions
    95 schema:pagination 342-357
    96 schema:productId N06e6c9a64dd0448f91a39e5ca1647198
    97 N350fa853064440bd93bc74faeb91a59b
    98 N7db51a06f3c44589b67be0a205df65cb
    99 Naec478248167413bbf67175d94b0e900
    100 Nbe6502193250432e884776f2df2407df
    101 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019208972
    102 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00330-008-1172-x
    103 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T14:33
    104 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    105 schema:sdPublisher N6e28d10b344849258990b10a25e699f5
    106 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs00330-008-1172-x
    107 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    108 sgo:sdDataset articles
    109 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    110 N03f62e5eeff041a0b34fe6a13903ca6f rdf:first sg:person.0643031251.50
    111 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    112 N05eea0d8d3a5415fb4586a7c4334f65a rdf:first sg:person.01016471053.42
    113 rdf:rest N03f62e5eeff041a0b34fe6a13903ca6f
    114 N06e6c9a64dd0448f91a39e5ca1647198 schema:name pubmed_id
    115 schema:value 18810454
    116 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    117 N0fce74b803e4459896a2862e58baf910 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    118 schema:name Humans
    119 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    120 N17a8ecab7e3b4ca78b38697dd2ae6b08 rdf:first sg:person.0610263641.84
    121 rdf:rest Nc83a304fa1154035a679f787d82b6f42
    122 N17df5cb2aa0843ff8dac07813a4d7a1f schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    123 schema:name Magnetic Resonance Imaging
    124 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    125 N350fa853064440bd93bc74faeb91a59b schema:name readcube_id
    126 schema:value 5b864a12b1207c5bce80ad19b6646dfb884b615fe876d0abfc6e7110cfec7893
    127 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    128 N3bcf61b12ff24fd4b0283239cbd763b4 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    129 schema:name Cysts
    130 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    131 N488acd39beeb4c9ca8c9ee1968036d3b schema:volumeNumber 19
    132 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    133 N6827a7ebc74648d4837144367a106564 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    134 schema:name Liver Neoplasms
    135 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    136 N6a9c342d24644e75bb43b1204eabc836 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    137 schema:name Female
    138 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    139 N6ba49877263d4d8987af0de84479e3f5 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    140 schema:name Adenoma
    141 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    142 N6e28d10b344849258990b10a25e699f5 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    143 rdf:type schema:Organization
    144 N7db51a06f3c44589b67be0a205df65cb schema:name nlm_unique_id
    145 schema:value 9114774
    146 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    147 N87bf7ebea8844c26a9f1cfa3bb101cbb schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    148 schema:name Neoplasm Metastasis
    149 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    150 Na69d95626df54a628bbeadf175c8397d rdf:first sg:person.01344230775.69
    151 rdf:rest N05eea0d8d3a5415fb4586a7c4334f65a
    152 Naba1e955813f42e0beefd0f79826882f schema:issueNumber 2
    153 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    154 Naec478248167413bbf67175d94b0e900 schema:name doi
    155 schema:value 10.1007/s00330-008-1172-x
    156 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    157 Nb90535342e80401d8185adccbb32a1c3 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    158 schema:name Gadolinium
    159 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    160 Nbe6502193250432e884776f2df2407df schema:name dimensions_id
    161 schema:value pub.1019208972
    162 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    163 Nc83a304fa1154035a679f787d82b6f42 rdf:first sg:person.01000222412.71
    164 rdf:rest Nf7b6656839f04da980760e7646feccea
    165 Ncb387460a5334cf3bcaa7930b6007930 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    166 schema:name Hepatocytes
    167 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    168 Neda756595ede4dbfab0a5c3d8cc484d1 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    169 schema:name Contrast Media
    170 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    171 Nf0e0260a0a84417d8dbf4c196dc85e68 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    172 schema:name Reproducibility of Results
    173 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    174 Nf409e527c4854b129e3028df54c3f08d schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    175 schema:name Carcinoma
    176 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    177 Nf7b6656839f04da980760e7646feccea rdf:first Nfad4aa7e1b34423185eb16ad37cd4b75
    178 rdf:rest Na69d95626df54a628bbeadf175c8397d
    179 Nf92b11b8bb424fe182acf2c05e30c519 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    180 schema:name Hemangioma
    181 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    182 Nfad4aa7e1b34423185eb16ad37cd4b75 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.32224.35
    183 schema:familyName Saini
    184 schema:givenName Sanjai
    185 rdf:type schema:Person
    186 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    187 schema:name Engineering
    188 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    189 anzsrc-for:0903 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    190 schema:name Biomedical Engineering
    191 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    192 sg:journal.1289120 schema:issn 0938-7994
    193 1432-1084
    194 schema:name European Radiology
    195 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    196 sg:person.01000222412.71 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.22937.3d
    197 schema:familyName Uffmann
    198 schema:givenName Martin
    199 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01000222412.71
    200 rdf:type schema:Person
    201 sg:person.01016471053.42 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.22937.3d
    202 schema:familyName Herold
    203 schema:givenName Christian
    204 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01016471053.42
    205 rdf:type schema:Person
    206 sg:person.01344230775.69 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.22937.3d
    207 schema:familyName Bastati
    208 schema:givenName Nina
    209 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01344230775.69
    210 rdf:type schema:Person
    211 sg:person.0610263641.84 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.22937.3d
    212 schema:familyName Ba-Ssalamah
    213 schema:givenName Ahmed
    214 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0610263641.84
    215 rdf:type schema:Person
    216 sg:person.0643031251.50 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.22937.3d
    217 schema:familyName Schima
    218 schema:givenName Wolfgang
    219 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0643031251.50
    220 rdf:type schema:Person
    221 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00201518 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041967744
    222 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00201518
    223 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    224 sg:pub.10.1007/s00117-004-1134-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042471467
    225 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00117-004-1134-5
    226 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    227 sg:pub.10.1007/s00117-004-1142-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019725248
    228 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00117-004-1142-5
    229 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    230 sg:pub.10.1007/s00261-003-0092-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024283448
    231 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00261-003-0092-0
    232 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    233 sg:pub.10.1007/s002610000077 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012070919
    234 https://doi.org/10.1007/s002610000077
    235 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    236 sg:pub.10.1007/s002619900464 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040774873
    237 https://doi.org/10.1007/s002619900464
    238 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    239 sg:pub.10.1007/s00330-003-2115-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027149700
    240 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00330-003-2115-1
    241 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    242 sg:pub.10.1007/s00330-004-2236-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010931070
    243 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00330-004-2236-1
    244 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    245 sg:pub.10.1007/s00330-007-0602-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033378290
    246 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00330-007-0602-5
    247 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    248 sg:pub.10.1007/s003300050629 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017480835
    249 https://doi.org/10.1007/s003300050629
    250 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    251 sg:pub.10.1007/s003300050879 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036007319
    252 https://doi.org/10.1007/s003300050879
    253 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    254 sg:pub.10.1007/s003300101122 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025539892
    255 https://doi.org/10.1007/s003300101122
    256 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    257 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074781427 schema:CreativeWork
    258 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079163336 schema:CreativeWork
    259 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083224804 schema:CreativeWork
    260 https://doi.org/10.1002/(sici)1522-2586(199907)10:1<80::aid-jmri11>3.0.co;2-s schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044094477
    261 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    262 https://doi.org/10.1002/1097-0142(19800715)46:2<372::aid-cncr2820460227>3.0.co;2-s schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033013223
    263 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    264 https://doi.org/10.1002/1522-2586(200006)11:6<665::aid-jmri13>3.0.co;2-d schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007575361
    265 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    266 https://doi.org/10.1002/jmri.1880080325 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010585726
    267 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    268 https://doi.org/10.1002/jmri.20174 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008689266
    269 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    270 https://doi.org/10.1002/jmri.21135 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021746117
    271 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    272 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0730-725x(02)00641-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028235831
    273 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    274 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0730-725x(98)00135-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007426922
    275 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    276 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0959-8049(99)00049-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048086651
    277 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    278 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1076-6332(03)80268-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038768232
    279 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    280 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1076-6332(03)80415-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009546267
    281 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    282 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1479-666x(05)80043-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043464870
    283 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    284 https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1600-0455.2000.041003255.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009342516
    285 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    286 https://doi.org/10.1053/crad.2002.1117 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045928662
    287 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    288 https://doi.org/10.1053/j.gastro.2004.09.028 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014277049
    289 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    290 https://doi.org/10.1097/00000478-199912000-00001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060123008
    291 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    292 https://doi.org/10.1097/00004424-199406001-00059 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050712131
    293 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    294 https://doi.org/10.1097/00004424-200001000-00003 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060184367
    295 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    296 https://doi.org/10.1097/00004728-200605000-00001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030313376
    297 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    298 https://doi.org/10.1097/01.rct.0000156397.51640.a1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012605073
    299 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    300 https://doi.org/10.1097/rmr.0b013e3181614374 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021703824
    301 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    302 https://doi.org/10.1102/1470-7330.2007.9001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041845223
    303 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    304 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0676.1992.tb00560.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026439359
    305 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    306 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiographics.19.2.g99mr09453 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074355062
    307 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    308 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiographics.21.4.g01jl16895 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074848788
    309 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    310 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiographics.22.5.g02se061023 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1075125255
    311 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    312 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2213010139 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014023671
    313 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    314 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2221001599 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035898694
    315 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    316 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2232010318 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030732543
    317 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    318 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2282012061 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041794892
    319 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    320 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2342040278 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039020338
    321 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    322 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2361040338 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038961632
    323 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    324 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2371031842 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016998182
    325 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    326 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiology.162.1.3786765 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079951250
    327 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    328 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiology.171.2.2539605 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079001297
    329 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    330 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiology.181.1.1653443 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077201682
    331 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    332 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiology.192.2.8029401 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082616941
    333 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    334 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiology.192.2.8029404 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082616944
    335 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    336 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiology.193.1.8090921 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082647383
    337 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    338 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiology.196.2.7617864 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082436967
    339 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    340 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiology.209.3.9844683 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083358361
    341 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    342 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiology.218.1.r01ja2427 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035404688
    343 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    344 https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.158.3.1738990 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069317102
    345 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    346 https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.163.1.8010195 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069318667
    347 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    348 https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.165.2.7618545 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069319510
    349 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    350 https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.168.2.9016227 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069320656
    351 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    352 https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.174.2.1740477 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069322988
    353 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    354 https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.176.6.1761499 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069324046
    355 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    356 https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.179.6.1791447 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069325108
    357 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    358 https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.181.3.1810809 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069325683
    359 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    360 https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.184.3.01840821 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069326704
    361 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    362 https://doi.org/10.2463/mrms.6.43 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001375554
    363 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    364 https://doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v8.i1.82 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071375214
    365 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    366 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.22937.3d schema:alternateName Medical University of Vienna
    367 schema:name Department of Radiology, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, 1090, Vienna, Austria
    368 rdf:type schema:Organization
    369 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.32224.35 schema:alternateName Massachusetts General Hospital
    370 schema:name Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, 55 Fruit Street, 02114, Boston, MA, USA
    371 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...