RAPD, ISSR and RFLP fingerprints as useful markers to evaluate genetic integrity of micropropagated plants of three diploid and triploid ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2002-08

AUTHORS

R. Devarumath, S. Nandy, V. Rani, S. Marimuthu, N. Muraleedharan, S. Raina

ABSTRACT

. An efficient in vitro propagation method using enhanced axillary branching cultures produced plants from nodal explants of three mature, elite tea clones: diploid UPASI 26 and UPASI 27 (2n=2x=30) representing Camellia sinensis (China type) and triploid UPASI 3 (2n=3x=45) representing C. assamica ssp. assamica (Assam-India type). The genetic fidelity of the micropropagated plants of these three tea clones was assessed by analysing their nuclear, mitochondrial (mt), and chloroplast (cp) genomes using multiple molecular DNA markers. A total of 465, 446 and 462 genetic loci were produced with RFLP, RAPD and ISSR fingerprinting in the micropropagated plants and the corresponding mother plant of C. sinensis clone U (UPASI) 26, and C. assamica ssp. assamica clones U3 and U27, respectively. RFLP fingerprinting was performed using six restriction endonuclease digests and 14 mt and cp gene probes in 84 enzyme-probe combinations. For PCR fingerprinting, 50 RAPD and SSR primers were used for amplifications. The micropropagated plants of both the U3 and U27 clones revealed complete stability in the 462 and 446 genetic loci analysed. In comparison, 36 (7.7%) of the 465 loci were polymorphic among micropropagated plants of the U26 clone. The observed polymorphic loci were not restricted to a particular genome (nuclear or organellar), although a relatively low (7.43%) level of polymorphism was observed in the nuclear as compared to the mt genome (16.3%). ISSR fingerprinting (12.8%) detected more polymorphic loci than RAPD fingerprinting (4.28%). No polymorphism was observed in the cp genome of the micropropagated plants of the three tea clones. The rigorous screening of nuclear and two organellar genomes has demonstrated, for the first time, subtle genetic variation at the DNA sequence level in organized meristem-derived micropropagated plants of tea. Clearly, this is another example demonstrating that organized meristem cultures are not always genetically true-to-type. The genomic changes in tea clones are genotype dependent rather than culture condition dependent. More... »

PAGES

166-173

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00299-002-0496-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00299-002-0496-2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012411589


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