Direct and indirect costs associated with ankylosing spondylitis and related disease activity scores in Turkey View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2015-09

AUTHORS

Nurullah Akkoç, Haner Direskeneli, Hakan Erdem, Ahmet Gül, Yasemin Kabasakal, Sedat Kiraz, Dilara Balkan Tezer, Başak Hacıbedel, Vedat Hamuryudan

ABSTRACT

This study assessed quality of life, direct and indirect healthcare costs related to ankylosing spondylitis (AS). This study included 650 prevalent AS patients visiting seven centers at tertiary healthcare institutions in Turkey who were interviewed using a standard questionnaire to determine annual direct and indirect healthcare costs. Eligible patients were age ≥18 years with AS for at least 12 months. Direct costs were categorized as inpatient, outpatient and pharmacy, and AS-related consultation. Indirect costs were categorized as workday loss, additional AS-related costs, and caregiver costs. Clinical outcome measures were obtained, including Patients' Global Disease Activity (Pt-GDA); visual analog scale (Pain-VAS) for pain; Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI), Functional Index (BASFI), and Metrology Index (BASMI) scores, and EuroQoL 5 dimension (EQ-5D) health status survey scores. Mean (€,335.20) and median (€5,671.00) annual costs per patient were calculated. Pharmacy costs (€4,032.73) were highest among overall expenditures, followed by additional AS-related consultation (€2,480.38), outpatient (€225.02), and inpatient costs (€29.98). Over half of AS patients (54.8 %) experienced work loss. Related average annual costs were €414.16, based on income level. 10.3 % of AS patients incurred an additional €2,008.07 in 1 year. 6.8 % of patients required caregivers and incurred €778.70 in average annual patient paid costs. Mean Pt-GDA, Pain-VAS, EQ-5D, BASDAI, BASFI, and BASMI scores were 4.4, 40.5, 62.7, 3.6, 3.1, and 2.9, respectively. Direct and indirect AS-related costs are high and represent a considerable economic burden on Turkish AS patients. More... »

PAGES

1473-1478

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00296-015-3236-y

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00296-015-3236-y

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051718717

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25749712


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