Physiological and Cellular Responses of the 2,4-D Degrading Bacterium, Burkholderia cepacia YK-2, to the Phenoxyherbicides 2,4-D and 2,4,5-T View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2002-12

AUTHORS

Yun-Seok Cho, Hyung-Yeel Kahng, Chi-Kyung Kim, Jerome J. Kukor, Kye-Heon Oh

ABSTRACT

Our previous research has demonstrated that novel 43-kDa DnaK and 41-kDa GroEL proteins are synthesized in Burkholderia sp. YK-2 in response to sublethal concentrations of 2,4-D stress [Cho et al. (2000) Curr Microbiol 41:33-38]. In this study, we have extended this work to examine the cellular responses of strain YK-2 to stresses induced in response to the phenoxyherbicides 2,4-D or 2,4,5-T. Strain YK-2 exhibited a more sensitive response to 2,4,5-T stress than to 2,4-D stress, as shown in physiological and morphological changes, suggesting a greater cytotoxic effect of 2,4,5-T. SEM analyses revealed the presence of perforations and irregular rod forms with wrinkled surfaces for cells treated with either herbicide. These irregularities were found more frequently for 2,4,5-T-treated cells than for 2,4-D-treated cells. Analysis of cellular fatty acids showed similar effects in the shifts of total cellular fatty acid composition in response to 2,4-D and 2,4,5-T. Strain YK-2 could degrade 2.25 m M 2,4-D completely during 28 h of incubation with transient production of 2,4-dichlorophenol as a metabolite; however, 2,4,5-T was not catabolized at any of the concentrations tested. BIOLOG and 16S rDNA analyses revealed that strain YK-2 was 98% similar to the Burkholderia cepacia species cluster; therefore, we have designated this strain as B. cepacia YK-2. More... »

PAGES

0415-0422

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00284-002-3784-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00284-002-3784-8

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004638119

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12402082


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156 schema:name Department of Life Science, Soonchunhyang University, P.O. Box 97, Asan, Chung-Nam, 336-600, Korea, KR
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158 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.430387.b schema:alternateName Rutgers University
159 schema:name Biotechnology Center for Agriculture and the Environment, Cook College, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901-8520, USA, US
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