Central tolerance: what have we learned from mice? View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2008-12

AUTHORS

Tom M. McCaughtry, Kristin A. Hogquist

ABSTRACT

Producing a healthy immune system capable of defending against pathogens, while avoiding autoimmunity, is dependent on thymic selection. Positive selection yields functional T cells that have the potential to recognize both self and foreign antigens. Therefore, negative selection exists to manage potentially self-reactive cells. Negative selection results from the induction of anergy, receptor editing, clonal diversion (agonist selection), and/or clonal deletion (apoptosis) in self-reactive clones. Clonal deletion has been inherently difficult to study because the cells of interest are undergoing apoptosis and being eliminated quickly. Furthermore, analysis of clonal deletion in humans has proved even more difficult due to availability of samples and lack of reagents. Mouse models have thus been instrumental in achieving our current understanding of central tolerance, and the evolution of elegant model systems has led to an explosion of new data to be assimilated. This review will focus on recent advances in the field of clonal deletion with respect to three aspects: the development of physiological model systems, signaling pathways that lead to apoptosis, and antigen presenting cell types involved in the induction of clonal deletion. More... »

PAGES

399-409

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00281-008-0137-0

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00281-008-0137-0

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042969583

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19015857


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