Total body irradiation-containing conditioning regimens without antithymocyte globulin in adults with aplastic anemia undergoing umbilical cord blood transplantation View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2021-09-21

AUTHORS

Nobuhiro Hiramoto, Hirohito Yamazaki, Yukinori Nakamura, Naoyuki Uchida, Makoto Murata, Tadakazu Kondo, Satoshi Yoshioka, Tetsuya Eto, Akinori Nishikawa, Takafumi Kimura, Tatsuo Ichinohe, Yoshiko Atsuta, Yasushi Onishi, Ritsuro Suzuki, Takehiko Mori

ABSTRACT

Thus far, there have been no large cohort studies on total body irradiation (TBI)-containing conditioning regimens without antithymocyte globulin (ATG) in adults with aplastic anemia (AA) undergoing umbilical cord blood (UCB) transplantation (UCBT). We retrospectively analyzed 115 adults with idiopathic AA undergoing UCBT using TBI-containing reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) regimens without ATG between 2000 and 2018 on behalf of the Adult Aplastic Anemia Working Group of the Japanese Society for Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation. We then compared transplantation outcomes between a fludarabine (Flu)- and melphalan (Mel)-based regimen (FM) and a Flu- and cyclophosphamide (Cy)-based regimen (FC). The median patient age at UCBT was 41 years. The median total nucleated cell and total CD34+ cell doses in a UCB unit at cryopreservation were 2.5 × 107/kg and 0.7 × 105/kg, respectively. The median follow-up period for survivors was 47 months. The cumulative incidence rate of neutrophil engraftment was 76.5%, and the 4-year overall survival (OS) rate was 64.3%. In multivariate analysis, the covariates that were significantly associated with a higher neutrophil engraftment were total CD34+ cell dose in an UCB unit (≥ 0.7 × 105/kg; hazard ratio, 0.57, P = 0.01) and total dose of TBI (4 Gy of TBI; hazard ratio, 0.32, P = 0.01). There was no significant difference in the cumulative incidence of neutrophil engraftment and the 4-year OS between the FM and FC groups. In conclusion, TBI-containing RIC regimens without ATG are suitable for adults with AA undergoing UCBT. There were no significant differences in transplantation outcomes between the FM and FC groups. More... »

PAGES

165-175

Journal

TITLE

Annals of Hematology

ISSUE

1

VOLUME

101

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00277-021-04664-z

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00277-021-04664-z

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1141272114

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34546409


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26 schema:description Thus far, there have been no large cohort studies on total body irradiation (TBI)-containing conditioning regimens without antithymocyte globulin (ATG) in adults with aplastic anemia (AA) undergoing umbilical cord blood (UCB) transplantation (UCBT). We retrospectively analyzed 115 adults with idiopathic AA undergoing UCBT using TBI-containing reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) regimens without ATG between 2000 and 2018 on behalf of the Adult Aplastic Anemia Working Group of the Japanese Society for Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation. We then compared transplantation outcomes between a fludarabine (Flu)- and melphalan (Mel)-based regimen (FM) and a Flu- and cyclophosphamide (Cy)-based regimen (FC). The median patient age at UCBT was 41 years. The median total nucleated cell and total CD34+ cell doses in a UCB unit at cryopreservation were 2.5 × 107/kg and 0.7 × 105/kg, respectively. The median follow-up period for survivors was 47 months. The cumulative incidence rate of neutrophil engraftment was 76.5%, and the 4-year overall survival (OS) rate was 64.3%. In multivariate analysis, the covariates that were significantly associated with a higher neutrophil engraftment were total CD34+ cell dose in an UCB unit (≥ 0.7 × 105/kg; hazard ratio, 0.57, P = 0.01) and total dose of TBI (4 Gy of TBI; hazard ratio, 0.32, P = 0.01). There was no significant difference in the cumulative incidence of neutrophil engraftment and the 4-year OS between the FM and FC groups. In conclusion, TBI-containing RIC regimens without ATG are suitable for adults with AA undergoing UCBT. There were no significant differences in transplantation outcomes between the FM and FC groups.
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45 aplastic anemia
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