Clinical implication of F-18 FDG PET/CT in patients with secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2014-04

AUTHORS

Jahae Kim, Su Woong Yoo, Sae-Ryung Kang, Hee-Seung Bom, Ho-Chun Song, Jung-Joon Min

ABSTRACT

The contribution that F-18 fluoro-2-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (F-18 FDG) PET/CT makes to the diagnosis of malignancy in patients with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is still uncertain. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of F-18 FDG PET/CT for the detection of underlying malignancy, to investigate the correlation between PET and laboratory parameters, and to identify prognosis-related factors in patients with secondary HLH. We enrolled 14 patients who were diagnosed with HLH and referred for F-18 FDG PET/CT to exclude malignancy. The diagnostic performance of F-18 FDG PET/CT for malignancy detection was assessed. The correlations between PET and laboratory parameters were determined. The prognostic significance of the following factors was evaluated: PET and laboratory parameters, age in years, presence of underlying malignancy, and fever and splenomegaly. Six of the 14 patients had malignancies (four with lymphoma, one with multiple myeloma, and one with colonic malignancy). Sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic accuracy of F-18 FDG PET/CT for malignancy detection were 83, 62.5, and 71.4 %, respectively. F-18 FDG uptake in the bone marrow and spleen was positively correlated with neutrophil count and C-reactive protein. All of the PET parameters, but none of the clinical or laboratory parameters, were significantly associated with patient outcome, as determined by univariate analysis. Given the small sample size, F-18 FDG PET/CT was useful for detecting underlying malignancy, and PET parameters correlated with laboratory parameters that reflected inflammatory status. F-18 FDG PET/CT might provide prognostic information for the management of patients with secondary HLH. More... »

PAGES

661-667

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00277-013-1906-y

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00277-013-1906-y

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005602218

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24061788


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38 schema:description The contribution that F-18 fluoro-2-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (F-18 FDG) PET/CT makes to the diagnosis of malignancy in patients with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is still uncertain. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of F-18 FDG PET/CT for the detection of underlying malignancy, to investigate the correlation between PET and laboratory parameters, and to identify prognosis-related factors in patients with secondary HLH. We enrolled 14 patients who were diagnosed with HLH and referred for F-18 FDG PET/CT to exclude malignancy. The diagnostic performance of F-18 FDG PET/CT for malignancy detection was assessed. The correlations between PET and laboratory parameters were determined. The prognostic significance of the following factors was evaluated: PET and laboratory parameters, age in years, presence of underlying malignancy, and fever and splenomegaly. Six of the 14 patients had malignancies (four with lymphoma, one with multiple myeloma, and one with colonic malignancy). Sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic accuracy of F-18 FDG PET/CT for malignancy detection were 83, 62.5, and 71.4 %, respectively. F-18 FDG uptake in the bone marrow and spleen was positively correlated with neutrophil count and C-reactive protein. All of the PET parameters, but none of the clinical or laboratory parameters, were significantly associated with patient outcome, as determined by univariate analysis. Given the small sample size, F-18 FDG PET/CT was useful for detecting underlying malignancy, and PET parameters correlated with laboratory parameters that reflected inflammatory status. F-18 FDG PET/CT might provide prognostic information for the management of patients with secondary HLH.
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