The human lumbar anterior epidural space: morphological comparison in adult and fetal specimens View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2002-01

AUTHORS

M. Hamid, C. Fallet-Bianco, V. Delmas, O. Plaisant

ABSTRACT

To increase our understanding of the clinical anatomy of the epidural space, the human lumbar anterior epidural space was studied morphologically and developmentally. Histological transverse sections of human lumbar spines were taken at the level of the intervertebral disc and the vertebral body in adult specimens and in fetuses aged 13, 15, 21, 32 and 39 weeks (menstrual age). At 13 weeks, connective tissue filled the epidural space. The dura mater was attached anteriorly to the posterior longitudinal ligament (PLL). The PLL was attached to the vertebral body beside the midline, whereas it adhered to the posterior edge of intervertebral disc. The anterior internal vertebral venous plexus was located anterolaterally and anteromedially. The vertebral canal was lined with connective tissue that differentiated in a periosteum in contact with the ossification centers. At 15 weeks, the PLL was composed of deep and superficial layers. At 21 weeks, the attachment between the dura mater and PLL was ligament-like at the level of the vertebral body. At 32 weeks, the dura mater was adherent to the superficial layer of PLL. At 39 weeks, groups of adipocytes were identified, and the dura mater was attached to the PLL by some ligaments. There were many more similarities between the adult and the 39-week fetus. In conclusion, some differences in the anatomy of the epidural space exist at each fetal stage studied. The structures of the epidural space are already formed in the fetus of 13 weeks, but they differentiate progressively within the connective tissue. Electronic supplementary material to this paper can be obtained by using the Springer Link server located at http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00276-002-0041-6. More... »

PAGES

194-200

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1980-12. La veine cave inférieure infra-rénale in SURGICAL AND RADIOLOGIC ANATOMY
  • 2000-12. Radio-anatomic demonstration of the vertebral lumbar venous plexuses: an MRI experimental study in SURGICAL AND RADIOLOGIC ANATOMY
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00276-002-0041-6

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00276-002-0041-6

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019520312

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12375072


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