Hydraulics of flow over rectangular labyrinth weirs View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-03

AUTHORS

Amir H. Azimi, Sara Seyed Hakim

ABSTRACT

Laboratory experiments were carried out to study the hydraulics of flow over rectangular labyrinth weirs in both free and submerged flow conditions. In order to study the effects of approach velocity and rectangular pool dimensions, nine weir models with different pool lengths a, widths b, and discharge were tested. The length-to-width aspect ratio a/b was varied from 0.25 to 3. The discharge coefficients of rectangular labyrinth weirs were compared with the discharge coefficients of linear sharp-crested weirs of the same channel width B and weir height P. It was found that the discharge coefficients decreased with increasing the approach velocity and the pool aspect ratio. Semi-empirical formulations were developed to predict the discharge over rectangular labyrinth weirs in free flow condition. A critical approach velocity was introduced to evaluate the advantages of the rectangular labyrinth weirs over sharp-crested weirs. It was found that rectangular labyrinth weirs are hydraulically more efficient than sharp-crested weirs for ho/P ≤ 0.4 where ho is the water head over the crest of the weir in free flow condition. Performance of rectangular labyrinth weirs in submerged flow condition were investigated. Experimental data indicated that rectangular labyrinth weirs are more sensitive than the linear sharp-crested weirs in submerged flow condition. Having the same headwater in submerged flow condition, flow over rectangular labyrinth were 10% and 20% less than linear sharp-crested weirs for pool aspect ratios of a/b ≥ 1 and a/b < 1, respectively. More... »

PAGES

183-193

Journal

TITLE

Irrigation Science

ISSUE

2

VOLUME

37

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00271-018-0616-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00271-018-0616-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1110535511


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