Effect and Mechanisms of Diabetes Resolution According to the Range of Gastric Resection and the Length of Anastomosis in Animal ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-04

AUTHORS

Yeon-Ju Huh, Young-Gil Son, Tae-Han Kim, Ji-Ho Park, Tae-Jung Oh, Boram Choi, Jimin Min, Young Min Cho, Han-Kwang Yang, Hyuk-Joon Lee

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: To examine the effect and mechanism of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) on the improvement of diabetes according to the length of anastomosis and the gastric pouch volume in an animal model. METHODS: Glucose intolerance was induced with a high-fat diet for 3 months in Sprague-Dawley rats. The animals were subjected to conventional RYGB (cRYGB; 5% gastric pouch with 15-cm Roux limb, 40-cm biliopancreatic limb; n = 9), short-limb RYGB (sRYGB; 5%, 8, 4 cm; n = 9), fundus-sparing RYGB (fRYGB; 30%, 8, 4 cm; n = 9), or sham operation (n = 9). After 6 weeks, oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTTs) were performed, and gut hormones including insulin, total GLP-1, GIP, and ghrelin were analyzed. RESULTS: The cRYGB group showed significantly decreased food intake, body weight, and random glucose (p < 0.05). sRYGB resulted in a similar change of body weight loss to that of cRYGB, but with no improvement of hyperglycemia. The fRYGB group showed similar changes of body weight and random glucose to those of the sham group. In cRYGB and sRYGB, the level of insulin steeply increased until 30 min during OGTT. GLP-1 was higher at 30 min in cRYGB than in other groups, without significance. The fRYGB group showed a slowly increasing pattern in OGTT and GLP-1, and the lowest peak point in insulin and GIP. CONCLUSION: cRYGB with 95% gastric resection was needed to achieve not only weight loss but also diabetes improvement, which could be related to the increase in GLP-1. More... »

PAGES

1056-1064

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00268-017-4228-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00268-017-4228-8

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091860593

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28929278


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42 schema:description BACKGROUND: To examine the effect and mechanism of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) on the improvement of diabetes according to the length of anastomosis and the gastric pouch volume in an animal model. METHODS: Glucose intolerance was induced with a high-fat diet for 3 months in Sprague-Dawley rats. The animals were subjected to conventional RYGB (cRYGB; 5% gastric pouch with 15-cm Roux limb, 40-cm biliopancreatic limb; n = 9), short-limb RYGB (sRYGB; 5%, 8, 4 cm; n = 9), fundus-sparing RYGB (fRYGB; 30%, 8, 4 cm; n = 9), or sham operation (n = 9). After 6 weeks, oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTTs) were performed, and gut hormones including insulin, total GLP-1, GIP, and ghrelin were analyzed. RESULTS: The cRYGB group showed significantly decreased food intake, body weight, and random glucose (p < 0.05). sRYGB resulted in a similar change of body weight loss to that of cRYGB, but with no improvement of hyperglycemia. The fRYGB group showed similar changes of body weight and random glucose to those of the sham group. In cRYGB and sRYGB, the level of insulin steeply increased until 30 min during OGTT. GLP-1 was higher at 30 min in cRYGB than in other groups, without significance. The fRYGB group showed a slowly increasing pattern in OGTT and GLP-1, and the lowest peak point in insulin and GIP. CONCLUSION: cRYGB with 95% gastric resection was needed to achieve not only weight loss but also diabetes improvement, which could be related to the increase in GLP-1.
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