Civilian Airway Trauma: A Single-Institution Experience View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2016-06-02

AUTHORS

Amin Madani, Nicolò Pecorelli, Tarek Razek, Jonathan Spicer, Lorenzo E. Ferri, David S. Mulder

ABSTRACT

BackgroundInjuries to the airway in the neck and thorax are uncommon, but may be potentially life threatening. The objective of this study is to determine the clinical characteristics and outcomes for patients with airway injury.MethodsFrom 1974 to 2014, a prospectively entered trauma database at a Level 1 trauma center was accessed to identify patients with injuries to the larynx, cervical trachea, or thoracic airway. Hospital charts were reviewed to obtain data on demographics, presentation, injury management, in-hospital and long-term morbidity and in-hospital mortality. Multivariate logistic regression was used to estimate predictors of mortality and long-term vocal cord morbidity. Data are expressed as N (%).ResultsOne hundred and twenty patients were included (median injury severity score: 19 [interquartile range: 10–27]). There were 65 (54 %) blunt and 55 (46 %) penetrating injuries, with 90 (75 %) suffering multiple injuries. Sixteen (13 %) patients died from associated injuries (7: in ER; 9: after admission). Injuries were located in the cervical airway [101 (84 %)], thoracic airway [21 (18 %)], or both [2 (2 %)]. Eighty-six (72 %) patients were managed surgically. Predictors of in-hospital mortality included hemodynamic instability (OR 6.54, 95 % CI 1.11–37.14), GCS < 8 upon presentation (OR 4.35, 95 % CI 3.24–5.41), and head trauma (OR 4.10, 95 % CI 1.91–6.30). Fracture of cricoid or thyroid cartilages was a strong predictor of long-term vocal cord injury (OR 3.93, 95 % CI 1.25–12.59).ConclusionsAirway trauma remains a major challenge for early diagnosis, airway control, and management of both acute life-threatening injury and long-term morbidity. More... »

PAGES

2658-2666

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2005-10-05. External laryngotracheal trauma in EUROPEAN ARCHIVES OF OTO-RHINO-LARYNGOLOGY
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00268-016-3588-9

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    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00268-016-3588-9

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    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048971369

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27255938


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